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Revolutions and Historiography

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Brief introduction to English, American, French and Bolivaran Revolutions, focusing on interpretive layers

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Revolutions and Historiography

  1. 1. Revolutions English, American, French, Latin American
  2. 2. English Revolutions • 1640-1660 Civil War and Commonwealth • 1688 "Glorious Revolution" establishing constitutional monarchy with popular sovereignty – English Bill of Rights (1689)
  3. 3. American Revolution: Layers of Interpretation Economic (taxes and property owners) failed revolution (Marxist) British Civil War v. International Incident inevitability (Enlightenment, overstretch) moment of destiny/"unique" moment (exceptionalism/originalism, military) • Creolism • • • • • – Declaration of Independence (1776) – Articles of Confederation and US Constitution (1789)
  4. 4. French Revolution: Stages • Uprising and Moderate Reform – Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen (1789) • Commune and Radicalization • Foreign Pressure • • • • • Terror: Maxmilien Robespierre Over-reach: Cult of Reason, etc. Thermidorian Reaction Constitution of the Year III Napoleon – Code Napoléon
  5. 5. Latin American Revolutions • • • • • Imperial Collapse Enlightenment Thought Creolism Post-Colonial Development Simon Bolivar, El Libertador (1783-1830)
  6. 6. Sources • background: "Native American Beaded Vest c1890 Lakota Teton Sioux" from NelsonAtkins collection, photograph by Jonathan Dresner

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