Maps and Charts of Japanese Imperialism


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Descriptive maps and diagrams on the creation and destruction of the Japanese empire from the 1890s to 1940s. Most maps are in Japanese, from a Yamakawa press visual history, with English annotations.

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Maps and Charts of Japanese Imperialism

  1. 1. Japanese Imperialism<br />Maps and Charts<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Sino-Japanese War, 1895-1895<br />
  4. 4. Japanese Military Strength, 1872-1945<br />Blue and Red columns indicate total number of soldiers (red) and sailors (blue), according to the left-hand scale (10K units)<br />Tan columns indicate military naval tonnage according to right-hand scale (10K ton units)<br />Data points (left to right) for 1872, 1885, 1895, 1912, 1923, 1931, 1940, 1945<br />
  5. 5. Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905<br />
  6. 6. Japanese Colonial Territories and Spheres of Influence, 1895-1912<br />Taiwan:<br />1895: Treaty of Shimonoseki<br />1898: Fujien region Commercial Treaty<br />Korea:<br />1904: First Japan-Korea Treaty<br />1905: Second Japan-Korea Treaty (Protectorate)<br />1907: Third Japan-Korea Treaty (Internal Administration and Military Disbandment)<br />1910: Korean Unification Agreement<br />Liaodong Peninsula<br />1905: Portsmouth Treaty<br />1905: Sino-Japanese Portsmouth Treaty Confirmation Agreement<br />Manchuria<br />1907: First Japan-Russia Treaty<br />1912: Third Japan-Russia Treaty<br />Sakhalin<br />1905 Portsmouth Treaty<br />
  7. 7. Spheres of Influence In China Before WWI<br />Pink: Japan<br />Dark Pink: Japanese colonial territory<br />Green: Russia<br />Pink/Green: Originally Russian, becomes Japanese<br />Blue: Germany<br />Orange: Great Britain<br />Purple: France<br />Dark Purple: French Colonial Territory<br />Dark dots indicate Open Treaty Ports<br />
  8. 8. Colonial and Military Strength Comparisons, 1911<br />Square indicates Territory controlled in 10K square kilometer units: red square is home country; tan square is colonial territory<br />Blue line indicates population of home country in millions<br />Green Bar indicates Imports and Blue Bar indicates Exports, in ¥10M units<br />Circle indicates Military Naval Tonnage in 10K ton units.<br />England<br />Russia<br />France<br />China<br />America<br />Germany<br />Austria-Hungary<br />Japan<br />
  9. 9. Japanese Advances in WWI and the Siberian Intervention<br />Red arrows indicate Japanese military advances<br />Brown arrows indicate Siberian Intervention forces (1918-1922)<br />Red numbers are dates of Japanese military advancement. Blue numbers are dates of Japanese seizure.<br />Boxes indicate:<br /><ul><li>21 Demands (1915)
  10. 10. March 1st Movement (Korea, 1919)
  11. 11. May Fourth Movement (China, 1919)
  12. 12. Nikolayevsk Incident (Russia, 1920)</li></li></ul><li>China, 1920s<br />Boxes indicate Chinese Warlords: Red for those who participated in the Northern Expedition; white for those who opposed it.<br />Orange arrows indicate the movement of Unified Front forces<br />Purple arrows indicate warlord force movements<br />Red arrows indicate Japanese forces.<br />
  13. 13. Manchurian Incident and Sino-Japanese War1931-1945<br />Dashed arrows indicate Manchurian Incident Troop Movements (1931-1933)<br />Solid arrows indicate Sino-Japanese war troop movements (1937-1945)<br />Red borders indicate extent of Japanese control at end of 1937.<br />
  14. 14. Pacific War, 1941-1945<br />Red spiked line indicates extent of furthest Japanese control (Summer 1942)<br />Brown line indicates extent of Japanese control at end of war<br />Red arrows indicate major Japanese military movements<br />Green arrows indicate major Allied military movements<br />Red dots and crossed swords indicate major military engagements<br />Bombs indicate Japanese aerial attacks<br />
  15. 15. East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere,Autumn 1943<br />Red: Japanese territory<br />Pink/Brown: Japanese Sattelite States<br />Yellow: Japanese-occupied territory<br />Blues: Japanese allied/friendly states<br />Red dotted line: Furthest extent of Japanese control<br />
  16. 16. Japanese Victims of Aerial Attacks, World War II<br />Mushrooms: Atomic Bomb sites<br />Dark Gray: Land-based assaults resulting in over 100K deaths<br />Red Dots: Cities which lost over 20K buildings to fire and bombing<br />Red Circles: Cities which lost over 10K buildings to fire, bombing<br />Black Numbers: Casualties in specific cities<br />Orange: over 1 Million people<br />Pink: 500K to 1 Million People<br />Purple: 100K to 500K people<br />Gray: 10K to 100K people<br />White: Under 10K people<br />
  17. 17. Sources<br />Background Image is from Edo catalog, 18c plate<br />Most maps and charts from Yamakawa Nihonshi Sogo Zuroku [Japanese History Maps and Charts Omnibus], 1985<br />Tonghak map from Korea Old and New: A History.<br />All translations by Jonathan Dresner<br />