Managing Your Watershed


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Managing Your Watershed highlights existing stormwater pollution prevention best management practices installed in Muncie and Delaware County as well as recommendations for residents and examples done in other city's.

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Managing Your Watershed

  1. 1. Mc Culloch Rain Garden
  2. 2.  A Watershed is an area of land that drains to a common location or waterway. Everyone lives in a watershed and is responsible for what drains into our waterways
  3. 3.  NPS pollution is caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters and ground waters. Common NPS pollutants include sediment, oils, fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, pet waste, animal waste, litter, greases, etc. Our wetlands are dying out, a recent survey found that 70% were in unfavorable condition.
  4. 4.  Stormwater best management practices (BMP’s) are control measures or actions taken to mitigate changes or prevent the quantity and quality of stormwater runoff from causing water pollution. Stormwater BMP’s can be classified as “structural” or “non-structural” and can range from installations to changes in procedures. There are many ways to implement BMP’s, and methods of doing so vary based on the site and operation. BMP’s and the Muncie Action Plan According to the Muncie Action Plan (MAP), which was put together with the input of nearly 2,000 city residents, it states under Initiative 5- Managing Community Resources: Action Initiative 5.6 Implement Models of sustainable design around the city. “Create downtown parks and other projects using sustainable design methods to improve community amenities and to educate community members about water quality and stormwater run-off, eco-balance, and climate-appropriate and native plant selection.”
  5. 5.  Install a Rain Garden on your property Install Rain Barrels at your downspouts Consider a Green Roof! Plant native plants and flowers in your yard Maintain your septic system Plant trees! Pick up after your pet Wash your car on your grass Use phosphate free soaps Compost organic matter such as leaves, grass clippings, etc. and keep them off streets and sidewalks
  6. 6.  A Rain Garden is a dug depression with gradually sloping sides that collects stormwater. A Rain Garden is planted with native plants, flowers, sedges, shrubs and other native vegetation due to there tolerance to drought and standing water. The native vegetation absorbs and filters stormwater run-off through its deep root systems. Rain Gardens hold water for up to 24 hours and become dry between precipitation events. A wildlife habitat!
  7. 7.  Catching stormwater in a rain garden allows it to slowly filter into the ground instead of becoming stormwater run- off on an impervious surface leading to stormwater pollution in our nearest waterway. Rain Gardens encourages more water to recharge the water table underground. Rain Gardens are planted with native vegetation encouraging new wild life habitat for beneficial birds, butterflies and insects. Rain Gardens reduce the risk of potential health risks associated with stagnant water.
  8. 8. Residential Rain Garden Eco Rehab HouseResidential Rain Garden Residential Rain Garden
  9. 9. Residential Rain Garden Residential Rain GardenResidential Rain Garden Residential Rain Garden
  10. 10. HAND MACHINE
  11. 11. Excavation with Clay Amending soil with leaf compostThree and half months old Planting of 160 3in. plugs
  12. 12. Rain Garden Installation Continued Determine the amount of sun your rain garden will get so you may make the proper plant selection based on either full to partial shade tolerant plants. Check out our suggested rain garden designs based on color preference:  Pink and Purple  Purple and Yellow  Pink and White  Bird and Butterfly  Partial Shade Rain Garden designs can be viewed or downloaded by going to and clicking on our Downloads & Publications center, scroll down and click on “rain garden sheets”.
  13. 13.  Spring/Fall  Prune dead vegetation if applicable  Cut and divide plants that get too large  Weeding  Add plants if desired  Add mulch if necessary Summer  Weeding  Water to help establish young plants  Add mulch if needed  Remove dead plants if necessary Winter  Dead vegetation and seed heads can provide shelter and food for birds Weeds  Typical weeds found in a rain garden include Purslane, Canada Thistle, Clover, Prostrate Spurge, Crab Grass and Dandelion Sources: Fort Wayne’s Catching Rain Program, Maintenance Brochure
  14. 14.  Upon receiving a Center for Disease Control- Healthy Homes, Healthy People grant; Muncie Delaware Stormwater Management has focused on reducing health risks associated with flooding in the Whitely Neighborhood. The three year grant included water quality monitoring, public education and neighborhood relationship building through rain barrel distributions and residential Rain Garden installations. 5 Demonstration Rain Gardens were installed at Mc Culloch Park, 2 large Rain Gardens were installed at Longfellow Elementary and Motivate Our Minds, and 70 residential Rain Gardens were installed throughout the Whitely Neighborhood; including 2 at the Roy C. Buley Center.
  15. 15. Roy C. Buley Center Roy C. Buley CenterRoy C. Buley Center Mc Culloch Park
  16. 16.  Rain patterns show regular rain fall events occur during April, May and June just when vegetable gardens and perennial beds are being established Reduce flooding in your yard by catching your roof run-off and slow releasing it or using it on dry days Plants love rainwater over treated municipal water Catching rainwater decreases stormwater from picking up pollutants and entering storm drains Save money and water!!!!! The average roof collects about 22,500 gallons of rain a year. Enough to fill 450 50 gallon rain barrels with free water!!!
  17. 17. North Street Urban Garden Dual Rain Barrel Design
  18. 18.  Native plants are ideal for a rain garden because they tolerate short periods of standing water, are drought tolerant, and their deep roots make it easy for the water to move into the soil. In other words; they’re native to this area and climate. Other benefits include:  Serving as non-polluting landscapes because they don’t need fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides  Serves as a wildlife habitat attracting beneficial insects  Great for companion planting near vegetable gardens  Winter hardy, and less prone to destructive insects and disease
  19. 19. Native plants have extensive root systems which improve the ability of the soil to infiltrate water and withstand wet or erosive conditions. Illustration provided by the Conservation Research Institute.
  20. 20.  A landscape element, often a planted vegetated strip along a street or parking lot, for the purpose of capturing surface water runoff and filtering out sediment and non-point source pollution before the storm water enters the drainage system or groundwater Portland, OR Green Street Portland, OR parking lot
  21. 21. Minneapolis-based Barr EngineeringCompany began working with thecity of Burnsville, Minnesota, in early2002 to develop a plan for improvingthe water quality of Crystal Lake byadding rainwater gardens to a 20-year-old neighborhood. To measurethe effectiveness of the gardens, twonearly identical neighborhoods werechosen for the project: one to be“retrofitted” with 17 rainwatergardens, and the other, just one streetaway, to serve as a control site.
  22. 22. County Plaza BMP’s•Bioretention basin/rain garden•Live Wall•Curb swale infiltration strip•Stormwater Catchment basins Before Picture
  23. 23. Rain Garden Porous Curb and GutterRock Cascade Bio-Swale
  24. 24. A Xeriscaping landscape was installed surrounding City Hall to help capture stormwater and encourage absorption in the ground.
  25. 25. Camp Prairie Creek is a free youth environmental day camp hosted myStormwater Management and Prairie Creek Reservoir. Camp happensevery August and has graduated close to 150 local youth in environmentalstewardship.
  26. 26.  Roy C. Buley Center Rain Gardens Mc Culloch Park Rain Gardens Motivate Our Minds Rain Gardens Downtown BMP projects MOM’S Butterfly Pavilion Queen of the Prairie Longfellow Rain Garden City Hall Xeriscaping
  27. 27. Jason Donati Muncie Delaware Stormwater Management Stormwater Educator Office: 765-747-2660 Cell: 765-716-2595 Fax: 765-747-7711 VISIT US ONLINE AT WWW.WISHTHEFISH.COM &WWW.RAINGARDENREGISTRY.COM