Nora Kreml<br />The Sudanese Referendum <br />
Military regime since 1956<br />North<br />National Congress Party (NCP)<br />Arab Muslim<br />South<br />Sudan People’s L...
Goal of achieving a peaceful Sudan<br />Established a formal ceasefire<br />Allowed for the first competitive elections si...
January 9, 2011<br />Split the South and the North into two separate states<br />Would be newest state in Africa since 199...
Khartoum does not want the split<br />Many attempts to disrupt the process through intimidation <br />Desire for oil resou...
Humanitarian intervention <br />No oppression by opposition leadership<br />Prevention of further civil war<br />Suppressi...
Peacekeepers may not be accepted, but are necessary<br />Needed to prevent registration fraud<br />Ink and location issues...
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The Sudanese Referendum

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The Sudanese Referendum

  1. 1. Nora Kreml<br />The Sudanese Referendum <br />
  2. 2. Military regime since 1956<br />North<br />National Congress Party (NCP)<br />Arab Muslim<br />South<br />Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)<br />Largely Christian<br />2 civil wars <br />1956-1972<br />1983-2004<br />SEPARATE FROM DARFUR <br />Peace Talks 2002-2004<br />History<br />
  3. 3. Goal of achieving a peaceful Sudan<br />Established a formal ceasefire<br />Allowed for the first competitive elections since 1986<br />Ended 20 years of civil war<br />Over 2.5 million dead<br />Over 4 million displaced<br />South given autonomy for 6 years<br />Referendum as end result<br />Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)<br />
  4. 4. January 9, 2011<br />Split the South and the North into two separate states<br />Would be newest state in Africa since 1993<br />Many incentives for passing the referendum<br />US agricultural aid<br />Removal from terrorist sponsor list<br />Referendum<br />
  5. 5. Khartoum does not want the split<br />Many attempts to disrupt the process through intimidation <br />Desire for oil resources to remain with the government<br />Promoting the idea of a chaotic, unruly South<br />Al-Bashir’s personal stake<br />Voter intimidation<br />Threats<br />“Cut off their fingers and crush them under our shoes.”<br />Discouraging the South<br />Fears of violence during interim period<br />Unilateral Declaration of Independence not desired<br />The Khartoum Problem<br />
  6. 6. Humanitarian intervention <br />No oppression by opposition leadership<br />Prevention of further civil war<br />Suppression of new conflict<br />Sudan is a vital source for oil<br />Khartoum does not want the split<br />Many attempts to disrupt the process through intimidation <br />Want to maintain control over the southern oil region<br />Why should we lend support?<br />
  7. 7. Peacekeepers may not be accepted, but are necessary<br />Needed to prevent registration fraud<br />Ink and location issues<br />UN is monitoring<br />Obama already supports the referendum<br />In a win-lose situation, always accept a win<br />Solution<br />

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