Russia’s pipelines through iran

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Russia’s pipelines through iran

  1. 1. pipelines IN THE CASPIAN<br />By: Ye-Ji Hwang<br />
  2. 2. The Caspian<br />Rich natural resources<br />Competition US-Russia<br />Russia wants to remain Europe’s main supplier<br />US-Iran<br />Oil to Europe<br />Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan conflicts<br />
  3. 3. Little Bit of History<br />Nobel Brothers<br />Soviet nationalism in 1920 and more oil discoveries in 1960’s<br />OPEC established<br />Over production, poor management, and too much water injected to the ground = decline<br />Oil production = “saving grace” to new independent nations<br />Before the fall of the Soviet<br />
  4. 4. Iran and Russia<br />Iran turns to Russia because of sanctions<br />1995 Clinton- Executive Orders (reaffirmation in 1997)<br />1996 Mandatory sanctions<br />Conoco withdrew left door open to Total and Petronas<br />Foreign oil companies pressured to leave <br />Russia major player in Central Asia<br />Share interest of limiting US power in the region<br />Co-founded Gas Exporting Countries Forum<br />Signed agreement July 2010<br />Gazprom and Lukoil increasingly involved<br />
  5. 5. Around Caspian<br />2007 Turkey and Iran Memorandum<br />Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline<br />Trans-Caspian gas pipeline<br />Central Asia-Center gas pipeline<br />Gazprom<br />Dauletabad-Sarakhs-Khangiran gas pipeline<br />Inaugurated early this year<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Four Conflicts<br />1. Ongoing problem between Armenia and Azerbaijan<br />2. Tensions between Armenians and Turks<br />3. US keeping pipelines out of Iran and Russia<br />4. Iran and Russia’s legal issues<br />1921 and 1940<br />1982 Law of Sea<br />
  8. 8. Solution 1<br />Support Trans-Caspian oil pipeline<br />Pipeline between Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan<br />Can be collaborated with Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan pipeline in Turkey<br />
  9. 9. Solution 2<br />Support Kazakhstan’s new oil route to Europe<br />Plans to triple exports in following years<br />83% destined for Europe<br />However only small portion<br />Collaborative with Trans-Caspian pipeline then to Europe through Azerbaijan and Georgia<br />Already to Europe through Russia….<br />China<br />
  10. 10. Solution 3<br />Support Dauletabad-Sarakhs-Khangiran gas pipeline<br />Turkmenistan-Iran-Turkey<br />Pressure by Washington to back out of Iran<br />Sanctions on companies<br />Royal Dutch Shell<br />Glencose and Vitol<br />Trafigure<br />BP<br />Reliance<br />
  11. 11. Proposal<br />Solution 1<br />“Lobby” for Trans-Caspian pipeline<br />On-going route<br />Iran faster- contradiction<br />Russia<br />Not another Cold War<br />Obama more engaging<br />

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