Humans In Space PAST, PRESENT, & FUTURE BYHEATHER AVEDON AND JASON MILLER
1940’s 1942: German V2, designed by Wernher Von Braun, reaches 100km from Earth’s surface 1947: fruit flies launched into space to test the effects of space on animals 1949: Albert 2, a Rhesus monkey, went 83 miles above earth in an American V2 rocket German V-2
1950’s 1957: October 4: Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1, first satellite to orbit Earth November 3: Sputnik 2 launches with a dog, Laika, on board 1958: January 31: U.S. launches Explorer 1 from Cape Canaveral, FL October: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) created 1959: Russian probe Luna 2 crash lands onSputnik moon
1960’s 1961: April 12: Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human to enter space and return safely May 5: American Alan Shepard enters space in the Freedom 7 May 25: JFK announces goal of sending astronauts to the moon by the end of the decade 1965: August 21: Gemini 5 launches with Gordon Cooper and Charles Conrad on an 8 day mission to test long term effects of space exposure Gemini 5
1960’s 1966: May 30: Surveyor 1 makes a soft landing on the moon 1967: January 27: 3 American astronauts killed during launch pad test for mission AS-204 Surveyor 1
1970’s 1972: March 2: Pioneer 10 is the first probe to reach beyond the asteroid belt and take pictures of Jupiter 1973: Russian space probe, Mars 2, explores Mars May 14: U.S. launches Skylab, experimental space station Skylab 1975: July 15: first international manned spaceflight, U.S. Apollo docks with Soviet Soyuz space station
1970’s 1969: July 16: Apollo 11 launches, carrying Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. They become the first men to step on the moon on July 20th 1977: August 20: Voyager 2 launched to study Jupiter and Saturn, they continue to send pictures back to Earth today Aldrin saluting the flag
1980’s 1981: April 12: Space shuttle Columbia’s first launch. The space shuttle was the first reusable aircraft 1986: January 28: NASA Space shuttle, Challenger, explodes shortly after takeoff Space Shuttle February 19: MIR space station Columbia launching launches, first consistently inhabited, long-term space station
1990’s 1990: April: Hubble telescope launched as a joint venture between NASA and the European Space Agency 1995: March 14: Astronaut Norman Thagard launched with Cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Gennady Strekalov aboard a Russian Soyuz to spend 115 days on Mir Hubble Telescope
2000’s 2004: January: Spirit and Opportunity arrive on the Martian surface. They continue to explore the Red Planet today. 2004: September 30: SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately built craft to reach outer space. Spirit Mars rover
The Near Future: 2010s 2015: First lunar tourist; plans have already been set in motion by “Space Adventures, Ltd”. Physical contact with the moon will not be made, it will be viewed from roughly 62 miles above the surface. 2016: India’s first scheduled manned flight into space; first hotel in space unveiled by Orbital Technologies.
In Our Lifetime: 2020s – 2050s 2032: First manned mission to Mars. 2042: First manned missions to Phobos and Deimos. 2058: Radio telescope constructed on the moon. 2059: Mars has a permanent human residence.
The Latter 21st Century: 2060s – 2090s 2060: Mining operation underway on the moon. Helium-3 rich surface is important in supplying power for fusion. Expansion is of beginning bases is expected by 2070. 2085-2089: First manned flight to the Jovian system – the moons surrounding Jupiter. 2095: First manned flight to the Saturnian system
The 22nd Century: 2100s 2100-2149: Due to the rapid growth of technological advancements in space travel to meet the demands of mining corporations, the commercial industry undergoes a tremendous jump in popularity, as it is less costly. 2110: The process of terraforming Mars begins. 2130: Civilian moon settlement plans are put into action. 2150: Interstellar travel is becoming realized; though, most flights are unmanned by humans. 2170: First kilometer sized space station is complete – home to hundreds of humans.
The 23rd Century: 2200s 2230: Antimatter fueled starships are developed, allowing travel to other Earthlike planets up to one hundred light years away. 2260: Accelerated development of the solar system takes hold.
The 24th to 28th Century: 2300s – 2700s 2350-2500: The terraformation of Mars is completed. 2700: Venus’ terraformation has been completed.
Beyond the 28th Century… 1,000,000 CE: Faster-than-light travel is possible at this point in time; multiple galaxies have been explored and numerous forms of extraterrestrial life have been encountered.
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