2012,a tipping point forglobal drug policy?A momentous year in review
PreludeThree key events paved the way for the   momentous developments of 2012
March 2009: Report of the LatinAmerican Commission on Drugs and           Democracy.   http://www.drogasedemocracia.org“Br...
“Prohibitionist policies based on the  eradication of production and on thedisruption of drug flows as well as on thecrimi...
Commissioners include:• César Gaviria Trujillo, president of Colombia  (1990-94) and secretary general of the  Organizatio...
June 2011:Global Commission on Drug Policy            Reporthttp://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/ "The global war on dru...
“End the criminalization, marginalization and   stigmatization of people who use drugs but  who do no harm to others. Chal...
Commissioners include:Aleksander Kwasniewski, Former President of Poland;  César Gaviria, Former President of Colombia; Er...
December 6, 2011    “Tuxtla System for Dialogue”   First region-wide official expression of       discontent with the War ...
“What would be desirable, would be a    significant reduction in the demand for   illegal drugs. Nevertheless, if that is ...
2012:A year of first-time ever for drug policy reform
January 14th, 2012:               Otto Perez Molina4 days after taking office   on January 14th, 2012,    Guatemalan presi...
February 11: Guatemala calls for a     tightly regulated marketplace• On February 11th, Guatemalan president Perez  Molina...
April 14-15: Drug legalization debated    at the summit of the Americas                      At the request of Guatemala a...
June 19: Uruguay unveils plans tolegalize marijuana under state control
Proposal: marijuana to be legally available under    government control through a user registry  and subject to quality co...
August 12 –September 12:    Javier Sicilia & Caravan for peaceTo protest the violence ravaging his country and  alert publ...
September 26: request for global drug      policy debate at the UN Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala request an  open global ...
October: Portugal debating legalization       of cannabis social clubsThe Portuguese parliamentary group Bloco de  Esquerd...
November 6: Marijuana legalization in    Colorado and WashingtonVoters in Washington and Colorado approved  marijuana lega...
November 17: Ibero-American Summit     call for drug policy debateSpain, Portugal and the majority of Latin  American gove...
November 27: UN to hold an     emergency drug policy summitThe UN General Assembly adopted a proposal to  hold an emergenc...
December 5: Breaking the tabooLaunch of “Breaking the Taboo”, a global grass-roots  campaign against the War on Drugs, by ...
Breaking the Taboo reached over 1,300,000 views and wasreleased in Spanish (narrated by Gael Garcia Bernal).The petition h...
December 6: Czech Parliament      Approves Medical MarijuanaThe Czech Republics lower house of Parliament  has approved le...
December 13: Senate Judiciaryhearing on MJ federal policy in 2013?Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Chairman of the  Senate J...
December 14: Obama has "bigger fish              to fry"Under pressure to react, President Barack Obama declared that fede...
Global trends at the end of 2012Harm reduction practices, such as needle exchange,  maintenance and substitution programs ...
2013: What to expectUruguay should finalize its controlled legalization of  Marijuana. Other countries may followThe numbe...
The Organization of American States is reviewing  the impact of current drug policy on the  region, with report expected i...
The fight is just startingWhile there is a definitive change in public attitude, the fight is far from over. In many ways,...
What you can doThe groundbreaking victories of 2012 didn’t fall  from the sky. They were the result of the hard  work and ...
Stay informedThe surest path to change starts with educating yourself  and people around you, dispelling the lies, the myt...
Drug policy reform: 2012 in review and beyond
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Drug policy reform: 2012 in review and beyond

1,270 views

Published on

With Guatemalan president calling for a debate about drug legalization, Uruguay planning the legalization of Marijuana and Colorado and Washington voters approving marijuana legalization initiatives by wide margins, 2012 will become a tipping point for global drug policy reform. We review the major events of 2012 and look at prospects for drug policy reform in 2013 and beyond.

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,270
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
115
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Drug policy reform: 2012 in review and beyond

  1. 1. 2012,a tipping point forglobal drug policy?A momentous year in review
  2. 2. PreludeThree key events paved the way for the momentous developments of 2012
  3. 3. March 2009: Report of the LatinAmerican Commission on Drugs and Democracy. http://www.drogasedemocracia.org“Breaking the taboo, acknowledging the failure of current policies and their consequences is the inescapable prerequisite for the discussion of a new paradigm leading to safer, more efficient and humane drug policies.”
  4. 4. “Prohibitionist policies based on the eradication of production and on thedisruption of drug flows as well as on thecriminalization of consumption have not yielded the expected results. We are farther than ever from the announced goal of eradicating drugs.”
  5. 5. Commissioners include:• César Gaviria Trujillo, president of Colombia (1990-94) and secretary general of the Organization of American States (1994-2004)• Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León, president of Mexico (1994-2000)• Fernando Henrique Cardoso, president of Brazil (1995-2002)
  6. 6. June 2011:Global Commission on Drug Policy Reporthttp://www.globalcommissionondrugs.org/ "The global war on drugs has failed, withdevastating consequences for individuals and societies around the world."
  7. 7. “End the criminalization, marginalization and stigmatization of people who use drugs but who do no harm to others. Challenge rather than reinforce common misconceptions about drug markets, drug use and drug dependence. Encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation of drugs to undermine the power of organized crime and safeguard the health and security of their citizens.”
  8. 8. Commissioners include:Aleksander Kwasniewski, Former President of Poland; César Gaviria, Former President of Colombia; Ernesto Zedillo, Former President of Mexico; Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Former President of Brazil; George Papandreou, Former Prime Minister of Greece; Jorge Sampaio, Former President of Portugal; Ricardo Lagos, Former president of Chile; Ruth Dreifuss, Former President of Switzerland; Paul Volcker, Former Chairman of the US Federal Reserve, US; George Shultz, Former Secretary of State, US; Richard Branson, founder of the Virgin Group, United Kingdom
  9. 9. December 6, 2011 “Tuxtla System for Dialogue” First region-wide official expression of discontent with the War on Drugs Attended by the presidents of Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama,Dominican Republic, and Chile, as well as FirstVice-President of Costa Rica, and the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize, Colombia, and El Salvador.
  10. 10. “What would be desirable, would be a significant reduction in the demand for illegal drugs. Nevertheless, if that is notpossible, as recent experience demonstrates, the authorities of the consuming countries ought then to explore the possible alternatives to eliminate the exorbitant profits of the criminals, including regulatory or market oriented options to this end. Thus, the transit of substances that continueprovoking high levels of crime and violence inLatin American and Caribbean nations will be avoided.”
  11. 11. 2012:A year of first-time ever for drug policy reform
  12. 12. January 14th, 2012: Otto Perez Molina4 days after taking office on January 14th, 2012, Guatemalan president Perez Molina started Otto Perez Molina talking about drug policy reform.“I believe that drug legalization would have to be a strategy agreed by the whole region”
  13. 13. February 11: Guatemala calls for a tightly regulated marketplace• On February 11th, Guatemalan president Perez Molina announced that he will propose drug legalization and control in Central America at the next meeting of regional leaders, the Sistema de la Integración Centroamericana (SICA). Members: Belice, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua y Panamá
  14. 14. April 14-15: Drug legalization debated at the summit of the Americas At the request of Guatemala and with the support of Colombia, the 34 countries of the Organization of American States debated drug legalization at the Summit of the America in Cartagena, Colombia.For the first time ever, drug legalization is debated at a majorinternational summit, with 34 heads of states from the Americasand Caribbean, includingUSA, Canada, Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Argentine, Chile
  15. 15. June 19: Uruguay unveils plans tolegalize marijuana under state control
  16. 16. Proposal: marijuana to be legally available under government control through a user registry and subject to quality control and traceability.Objective: to combat insecurity and violence by separating the markets of mj and hard drugs The proposal was drafted by President José Mujica and his government and requires parliamentary debate before final approval. If adopted, Uruguay would become the first country in the world to establish a controlled marketplace for marijuana.
  17. 17. August 12 –September 12: Javier Sicilia & Caravan for peaceTo protest the violence ravaging his country and alert public opinion in the US, Mexican poet and activist Javier Sicilia led a month-long caravan for peace with justice and dignity throughout the US from San Diego to Washington DC.
  18. 18. September 26: request for global drug policy debate at the UN Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala request an open global debate on drug policy reform at the UN General Assembly.
  19. 19. October: Portugal debating legalization of cannabis social clubsThe Portuguese parliamentary group Bloco de Esquerda (BE) is debating a project of law of regulation of marijuana along a Spanish-style cannabis club model. The project is still in its draft phase.
  20. 20. November 6: Marijuana legalization in Colorado and WashingtonVoters in Washington and Colorado approved marijuana legalization initiatives by wide margins.Massachusetts became the 18th state to legalize medical marijuana in a landslide victory.The historic vote sent shockwaves throughout the world and provoked strong reaction in Latin America.
  21. 21. November 17: Ibero-American Summit call for drug policy debateSpain, Portugal and the majority of Latin American governments call for drug policy reform at the Ibero-American Summit in Cadiz, Spain.
  22. 22. November 27: UN to hold an emergency drug policy summitThe UN General Assembly adopted a proposal to hold an emergency drug policy summit, scheduled for early 2016 after an intensive preparatory process that will begin next year.• The proposal was introduced to the UN general Assembly by Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala on September 26 and backed by the majority of Latin American governments, as well as those of Spain and Portugal at the Ibero-American Summit in Cadiz, on November 17.
  23. 23. December 5: Breaking the tabooLaunch of “Breaking the Taboo”, a global grass-roots campaign against the War on Drugs, by the Beckley Foundation, The Global Commission on Drug Policy, Virgin Unite, Avaaz and Sundog Pictures. The Mission Statement of the campaign, the Beckley Foundation Public Letter, calls for a new approach to the War on Drugs. It is signed by nine ex-Presidents, twelve Nobel prize winners, and many other world figures.http://www.world-war- d.com/2012/12/14/breaking-the-taboo-2/
  24. 24. Breaking the Taboo reached over 1,300,000 views and wasreleased in Spanish (narrated by Gael Garcia Bernal).The petition has been signed by 670,000 people worldwide
  25. 25. December 6: Czech Parliament Approves Medical MarijuanaThe Czech Republics lower house of Parliament has approved legislation to legalize cannabis for medical purposes. The bill still needs to be approved by the upper house to become law.Cannabis is already decriminalized and widely tolerated in the Czech Republic.
  26. 26. December 13: Senate Judiciaryhearing on MJ federal policy in 2013?Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, is planning a hearing next year to discuss federal policy towards Colorado and Washington post-marijuana legalization. He offered a compromise solution to drug czar Gil Kerlikowske: “One option would be to amend the Federal Controlled Substances Act to allow possession of up to one ounce of marijuana, at least in jurisdictions where it is legal under state law.”
  27. 27. December 14: Obama has "bigger fish to fry"Under pressure to react, President Barack Obama declared that federal law enforcement agencies have "bigger fish to fry" than prosecuting marijuana users in Colorado and Washington. “were going to need to have is a conversation about, How do you reconcile a federal law that still says marijuana is a federal offense and state laws that say that its legal?"
  28. 28. Global trends at the end of 2012Harm reduction practices, such as needle exchange, maintenance and substitution programs are being implemented in a growing number of countries.Drug use is decriminalized across most of Latin AmericaMedical marijuana is legal in Canada, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Finland, Italy, Spain, Israel and Portugal and soon Czech Republic.
  29. 29. 2013: What to expectUruguay should finalize its controlled legalization of Marijuana. Other countries may followThe number of medical marijuana states is likely to reach 20, with Illinois, New York and New Hampshire likely candidates.States such as Rhode Island, Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, California, Oregon and Montana may try the state legislature route to marijuana legalization.
  30. 30. The Organization of American States is reviewing the impact of current drug policy on the region, with report expected in June. Will more Latin American countries break away from the War on Drugs orthodoxy?Already legal in Spain, cannabis social clubs are spreading all over Europe, a trend likely to accelerate in 2013. In France, between 150 to 200 cannabis social clubs plan on coming out of the closet next February.
  31. 31. The fight is just startingWhile there is a definitive change in public attitude, the fight is far from over. In many ways, it just started. The victories of 2012 will mobilize opposition to reform and while prohibitionism may just eventually crumble under the weight of its own contradictions, we need to ready ourselves for a long fight. After the heady victories of 2012, we must get ready to go down to the trenches.
  32. 32. What you can doThe groundbreaking victories of 2012 didn’t fall from the sky. They were the result of the hard work and dedication of activists fighting in the trenches, working with legislators, educating the public, implementing harm reduction programs in the field. More than ever, they need your support. Underneath is a link to the major advocacy groups out there. http://www.world- war-d.com/legalization-activism/legalization- advocacy-groups/
  33. 33. Stay informedThe surest path to change starts with educating yourself and people around you, dispelling the lies, the myths and propaganda, getting a clear vision of the issues and the challenges."World War D – The Case against prohibitionism, roadmap to controlled re-legalization" is the most comprehensive book on the issue; the reference book on the War on Drugs and prohibitionism; a guide to psychoactive substances and substance abuse; a pragmatic blueprint for global drug policy reform and controlled legalization - http://www.world-war-d.com/

×