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2-5-2012    It’s the State-Economy-Society stupid!    Contribution to seminar on rethinking state economy and society     ...
2-5-2012                     Development is good for                                governance• But recent literature take...
2-5-2012                                Limited access orders                                              (North)• Develo...
2-5-2012                                      Back to Weber?• State law&institutions not as pre-condition for development ...
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Ppt deherdt its the state economy society

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Ppt deherdt its the state economy society

  1. 1. 2-5-2012 It’s the State-Economy-Society stupid! Contribution to seminar on rethinking state economy and society Tom De Herdt Governance is good for development?• Reflecting a respectable tradition on “getting getting institutions right” - To achieve pacification and build an effective administration • Well functioning police and military • Linking the state and the citizens - To re-establish funding • Efficient and transparent revenue collection - To realise rule of law • To protect its citizens • To protect investors’ assets1 1
  2. 2. 2-5-2012 Development is good for governance• But recent literature takes precisely a “relative” view on “rule of law” • Institutions are viewed as malleable – as the product of ongoing conflict, negotiation, and compromise among powerful groups; • “rolling agreements”• Essentially because the state cannot discipline itself  degree of state effectiveness is reflecting society and eco o y economy good governance as a by-product of socio-economic interests strong enough to press for it• Points of divergence: • “Leadership” vs LAO vs “political settlement” 2 Transitional or inevitable? • Leadership• Booth: country ownership= “a leadership with a long-term development vision and p g p some kind of machinery for managing well the rent generation and utilization which are central to early development processes” (Booth 2011)Good governance may be by-product, development is notTension with democracy y <-> electoral incentives focused on short-term interests <-> elections to divert rents from productive destinationsTension with pro-poor agenda: development builds on capital accumulation and elite 3 consensus 2
  3. 3. 2-5-2012 Limited access orders (North)• Development as by-product of individual efforts by leaders of contending organizations for not engaging in violence. - Importance of Peace Dividend - State’s first role to strengthen intermediary social groups <-> “statist” approaches to state reconstruction 4 “Clientelist” Political Settlements (Khan) • “political settlement” = Modus vivendi, realised as long as the peace dividend is distributed more or less according to the relative (perceived) holding power of each group • “clientelist” = relative importance of ‘non-formal power’ • Development implies a gradual increase in the importance of economic resources as d t i t f i determinants of i t f holding power increased importance of property rights & rule of law. But initially developmentalism must be compatible with a settlement based predominantly on informal holding power 5 3
  4. 4. 2-5-2012 Back to Weber?• State law&institutions not as pre-condition for development  Gradual disappearance of legal pluralism in favour of state  Gradual evolution of state law&institutions in the interests of the economy• Patrimonialism as one source of legitimate authority • Besides others • In ordinary settings: a mixture. 6 Back to Weber?• State law&institutions not as pre-condition for development  Gradual disappearance of legal pluralism in favour of state  Gradual evolution of state law&institutions in the interests of the economy• Patrimonialism as one source of legitimate authority • Besides others • In ordinary settings: a mixture.Patrimonialism compatible with developmentalismOur dealing with formal institutions is always evolvingNeed of a (local) political economy analysis: rising to the concrete! 7 4

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