Activity 3


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Activity 3

  1. 1. Dia De los Muertos A Mexican Holiday JD Holloway
  2. 2. History  Dia De los Muertos (day of the dead) began with the beliefs of the indigenous people (Aztecs) in Mexico before the arrival of the Spaniards.  It was believed that the dead family members would return to see their family again.  Human Sacrifrice was believed to have an influence for the return of the dead.  When the Spaniards arrived, the beliefs were mixed into the Christian Calendar. The day of the dead was then celebrated on All Saint’s Day and All Soul’s Day. (Nov. 1st and Nov. 2nd)
  3. 3. Modern day of the dead  The day of the dead follows a three day period.  October 31st- Halloween- The gates of the land of the dead open and the dead are allowed to return  November 1st- All Saints’ day- Celebration of the lives of the dead children  November 2nd- All Souls’ day- Celebration of the lives of dead adults.
  4. 4. Tradition-Burial celebration  Family will decorate the burial site of the loved one and usually have a picnic there.  They celebrate the life of their dead family members by playing music and eating food that that member enjoyed.
  5. 5. Tradition-ALTARS  Families build altars for their loved ones and decorate it accordingly to celebrate their life.  Usually consist of: A picture of the deceased Favorite food and drink of the deceased Pan de muertos (bread of the dead) Flowers Candles and Incense Papel Picado (Tissue paper)
  6. 6. Food  Pan de muertos(bread of the dead) is the most significant of any food.  The bread is baked with extra dough on top and decorated with sugar bones.  The bread is for the dead to enjoy.  Besides the pan de muertos, there are lots of candy skulls and candy skeletons.  Food is used as offerings.
  7. 7. Symbols  Skeletons are shown as bright and alive rather than dull and lifeless. They are shown this way to emphasize death is not something to be feared.  Papel Picado is a tissue paper with a certain design on it. It is believed that when the paper moves in the altar, that family member has returned.
  8. 8. Symbols Contd.  Flowers, especially Marigolds, are shown to be the flowers of the dead. The colors yellow and orange are significant too. The orange represent the Aztecs and how they used orange remember their dead. The yellow creates a path for the dead to help lead them back home. That is why many altars have yellow flowers in front.
  9. 9. Compared to my Celebrations  Dia de los muertos is often quickly compared to Halloween. This is due to the reference of the dead. Dia de los muertos is much more alive and colorful. I see Dia de los muertos more similar to the holiday of Memorial day. Dia de los muertos celebrates the life of a deceased family member. Memorial day remembers the men and women who died serving our country.  Memorial day may not be as festive as Dia de los muertos, but they both hold the same principle. Remember those who helped you.
  10. 10. Overview  Dia de los muertos is a three day Mexican celebration of the lives of deceased family members.  It holds that death should not be feared and that those in death must be remembered.
  11. 11. Works Cited  "Dia De Los Muertos." Premier Star Company, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2014.  King, Judy. "Los Dias De Los Muertos (the Days of the Dead)." Mexconnect., 1 Oct. 2003. Web. 06 Jan. 2014.  "November 2nd - the Day of the Dead." The Day of the Dead. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Jan. 2014.  Reighn Trading. "Dia De Los Muertos." History of Day of the Dead & the Mexican Sugar Skull Tradition. Reighn Trading Company, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2014