Trends in Visualization for Armoured Vehicles


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Presentation given at the International Armoured Vehicle conference in Farnborough UK on February 6th, 2013.

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  • Trends in Visualization for Armoured Vehicles

    1. 1. Trends in Visualization forTrends in Visualization forArmoured VehiclesArmoured VehiclesJan Deraedt6thFebruary 2013 – International Armoured Vehicles, Farnborough UK
    2. 2. Page 2Topics Trends Different approaches Video distribution Barco offering Take away notes
    3. 3. Page 3Trends• Having more & better information hasbecome a critical capability for protection andsurvivability, tactical advantage. More sensors – LSA, DVE More sub-systems More displays• Effective Information sharing, how ?
    4. 4. Page 4Traditional approach – “bolt-on”• Better capabilities (~ information) by adding subsystemseach with its own hardware -> duplication: multiple GPSdevices, keyboards, displays, battery packs…• Reduced crew space, payload• Multiple HMIs: increased complexity & workload• Increased SWaP-C signature• Cost & schedule riskNeed forNeed for Open, modular & scalableapproach based onapproach based on standards: GVA !!
    5. 5. Page 5GVA approachOpen, modular & scalable approach based onstandards•Reducing through-life costs• design and integration costs• maintenance and upgrade cost• Training• Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)•Improve operational effectiveness•Reclaiming lost space
    6. 6. Page 6Open, modular & scalable approach based onstandards•Reducing redundant hardware & HMIs by sharing resources:• reduce workload & room for errors• Simplify and standardise user interactions• Adding new capabilities with lower SWaP-C impact•Reduces program risk (cost/schedule)•Latest technologies faster to field -> benefit from technology insertionsGVA approach (ctd.)
    7. 7. Page 7 Use of published & freely available standards– No proprietary solutions– No vendor lock-inOPEN Facilitates upgrade & replacement of equipment asrequiredMODULARGVA – Open, modular & scalable
    8. 8. Page 8SCALABLE Use same proven building blocks for different platforms(from Utility over IFV to MBT) – add as required.GVA – Open, modular & scalable
    9. 9. Page 9Today’s in-vehicle video systems• Sometimes no cameras• Different types of lowres analog and digitalcameras and image sensors – wide range ofvideo formats• Mainly point-to-point (stove-pipes), hardly anyinformation sharing• Analog video matrices or switches for multi-image viewing• Difficult to expand• Cabling
    10. 10. Page 10Trend to higher resolution sensors• Better information: DRI performance (Detection RecognitionIdentification), but also…• Higher resolutions -> higher bandwidth• Lower frame rate ? -> adding latency !!Ranges for WFOV camera0204060801001201401 10 100 1000Illumination (lux)Range(m)Recognition of a personIdentification of a personProposed specificationDisplayDisplayImageGenerationImageGenerationImageUnder-standingImageUnder-standingImageAnalysisImageAnalysisImageTransformImageTransformImage/DataTransportImage/DataTransportSensorProcessingSensorProcessingSensorSensor
    11. 11. Page 11Sharing ?Need for video networks allowing highbandwidths, many different formats,resolutions & easy distribution
    12. 12. Page 12Digital video networksTo achieve interoperability & cost-effectiveness the videodistribution system must be based on a standardized, open,proven platform and deliver:• Networking/distributiontransport of video to any combination of service users & providers• High bandwidth/throughputhigh resolutions and frame rates• Reliable, real-time operation - QoSlow, predictable latency• Flexibilityrange of video formats, digital video and legacy analog• Scalabilityincreasing bandwidths and the addition of new system elements.Technology of choice: Ethernet
    13. 13. Page 13Digital video networksNetworkGb Ethernet10 Gb EthernetVideoUncompressedoverRTP/UDPJPEG2000MPEG4/H.264ControlSNMPSAP/SDPOthers:
    14. 14. Page 14Digital video networksRGBDVIDVIDVICrew DisplayCrew DisplaySmart Crew DisplayDriver DisplaySharedVideoProcessingLegacyBMSLegacyCameras DEF STAN00-82Cameras10 Gb10 Gb1 Gb1 Gb 1 Gb1 Gb1 Gb1 Gb1 Gb1 Gb1 GbCVBSEncoderRGBEncoder1 GbDEF STAN00-82DecoderAux DisplayVideo Server(recording)10 Gb DVIDigital video networksCrewstationProcessor
    15. 15. Page 15 Based on a common multifunctional crewstation HMIGVA – Crew Centric Approach
    16. 16. Page 16Networked Crew display Specifications:– 1 x 1 Gb Ethernet Def Stan 00-82 in (uncompressed YUV422)– 1 x DVI in• 1600 x 1200 res– Analog resistive touchscreen– Nuclear event detection/crowbar– 1 x MilCAN– GVA (DEF STAN 23-09)
    17. 17. Page 17Implications on the displayGVA (DEF STAN 23-09)• Def Stan 00-82 Ethernet video• MIL-C-38999 series III connectors : plating, pinout, keying• Bezel key layout (8 fixed function, 20 freely programmable)• EMC: Def Stan 59-411 Land Class A• PSU: DEF STAN 61-5 part 6 issue 6• HUMS
    18. 18. Page 18Driver’s display
    19. 19. Page 19Networked Video Processing Services
    20. 20. Page 20 Concept of Use– Support connection to Ethernet video network.• Subscribe to multiple DEF-STAN 00-82 compliant videostreams (uncompressed YUV422).– Output resultant feeds as new video streams.– system to provide a variety of image manipulationtasks on video streams including;• Tiling, Stitching, Cropping, blending, fusion, Scaling– Ethernet video input/output• 10G optical– Ethernet control• SNMPNetworked Video Processing Services
    21. 21. Page 21Networked Video Processing ServicesDEF STAN 00-82CompliantProcessing& Compositing
    22. 22. Page 22Video Processing Example: stitching
    23. 23. Page 23Video Processing Example: fusion
    24. 24. Page 24Crewstation processors Rugged computers with the best compromise in size, weight &performance for high demanding vehicle applications– SWaP-C = Size, Weight, Power & Cost– Fanless versions Focused on to state-of-the-art image processing applications– GPU based processing using CommonSENSE– H.264 Decoding– Image fusion, Image stabilization, …– Mission Recording Based on modular & flexible platform– Use of COTS components (CPU and XMC/PMC extensions)
    25. 25. Page 25SmartView is based on field proven technology: TX display technology and optics DPM computer architectures– Combination of DPM-2 and DPM-3 TX and DPM thermal designTODAYSmart Crew Displays
    26. 26. Page 26CommonSense Image processing All Barco processors have the capabilitiesfor high performance image processing byusing:– Latest generation of Intel® Core™ processor– High performance GPU through MXM– Dedicated network & video interfacesthrough XMC with high bandwidth/lowlatency path Full CommonSense support for videocapture, video processing and streaming.
    27. 27. Page 27Some examples - Scout SV
    28. 28. Page 28Some examples - Wiesel (RLS)
    29. 29. Page 29Take AwaysChallenges• GVA is THE way to go for the future• UK is the trendsetter, others will quickly follow• Wider adoption of GVA will be required – (NATO, VICTORY)• Still (very) few off-the-shelf GVA ready equipmentEnabling Technologies• Networked video distribution• Real-time video processing• Networked, multi-functioncrewstation equipmentPlease visit us for further detailsIAV 2013 Booth E38