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Cancer in chile brief introduction

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Basic statistics on cancer impact in Chile

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Cancer in chile brief introduction

  1. 1. <ul><li>Latin American Breast Cancer Pilot Project Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>CHILE’s Brief Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bethesda, Md </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>March 2009 </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Total population </li></ul><ul><li>16,763,470 </li></ul><ul><li>Male to Female Index </li></ul><ul><li>98% </li></ul><ul><li>Urban : 85% </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Public Insurance 70.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Private Insurance 15.3% </li></ul>CHILE 2008 Departamento de Estadísticas e Información de Salud, 2006 Ministerio de Salud de Chile-FONASA 2006
  3. 3. <ul><li>GDP p/c US $ 9,876 </li></ul><ul><li>Gini coefficient 0.538 </li></ul>CHILE 2008 Departamento de Estadísticas e Información de Salud, 2006 Ministerio de Salud de Chile-FONASA 2006
  4. 4. Gini Coefficient (0.538)
  5. 5. <ul><li>GDP p/c US $ 9,876 </li></ul><ul><li>Gini coefficient 0.538 </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy : 95.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Human Development Index : 0.874 </li></ul>CHILE 2008 Departamento de Estadísticas e Información de Salud, 2006 Ministerio de Salud de Chile-FONASA 2006
  6. 6. Human Development Index (0.874 – 40º)
  7. 7. CANCER IN CHILE <ul><li>EPIDEMIOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated incidence: 240 new cases x 100,000 inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36500 new cases each year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400 to 480 in children (< 15 years) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>EPIDEMIOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>Second cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>Adjusted Mortality Rate : 104.7 x 100.000 h </li></ul><ul><li>70% in elder than 60 years old </li></ul>CANCER IN CHILE
  9. 9. ONCOLOGY: The PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM REPLY <ul><li>42 “Breast Pathology” Units </li></ul><ul><li>43 “Cervix Pathology” Units </li></ul><ul><li>13 Pediatric Treatment Centers </li></ul><ul><li>21 Adults Treatment Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Radiotherapy : 5 Regional Centers </li></ul><ul><li>One Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit </li></ul><ul><li>One Adult Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit (in process). </li></ul><ul><li>53 Palliative Care Units </li></ul>
  10. 10. DEIS 2005
  11. 11. MORTALITY RATE MALE CANCER MAIN LOCALIZATIONS CHILE 2006 FOD.: INE-MINSAL Unidad de Cáncer n = 10.392 Rate x 100,000 men
  12. 12. MORTALITY RATE FEMALE CANCER MAIN LOCALIZATIONS CHILE 2006 FOD.: INE-MINSAL Unidad de Cáncer n = 9.661 Rate x 100,000 women
  13. 13. Rate x 100,000 FEMALE CANCER MORTALITY, 5 MAIN CAUSES CHILE, 1999 - 2006 Source: Health Ministry, Chile
  14. 14. Breast Cancer Incidence, grouped by age, Public Health System only, Chile 2004 - 2006 2006 Source: Cancer Unit/ M. Prieto/ Health Ministry
  15. 15. BREAST CANCER: Crude and Adjusted Mortality Rate, CHILE 1990 - 2005 Unidad de Cáncer-MINSAL/ Matrona – MSP Marta Prieto M. 11,6% Reduction Source: Health Ministry, Chile
  16. 16. Breast Cancer Incidence: Percentage Distribution , grouped by Stages at Diagnosis (Public Health System) , Chile 1999 - 2006 Source: Cancer Unit/ M. Prieto/ Health Ministry Increase in Early Stages Diagnosis from 42,9 to 70,1%
  17. 17. CHALLENGES <ul><li>Improve in early detection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost Effective and Affordable Interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improve in Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Personalized” treatment </li></ul></ul>CHALLENGES: INVESTIGATION COLLABORATIVE WORK

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