Ch16 laborandbirth

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Ch16 laborandbirth

  1. 1.  Your joints, hips, and pelvis relax and open Ligaments soften Baby may drop deeper into your pelvis Other signs: › Loose stool, more mucus discharge or cramping Reminder: Everyone’s body is different so there can be varying signs of pre-labor. Know your body and listen to it.
  2. 2.  Warm-up or Pre-labor Stage 1- Latent Stage › Dilate 4-5cm › Contractions are short (5-20min apart) › pain stronger › Not time to go to hospital/birthing center Active Phase › Contractions last 45-60 seconds › More intense › Time to gather support people and go to hospital/birthing center Transition Phase Stage 2 – Pushing/ Giving Birth Stage 3 – Delivery of Placenta Stage 4 – Recovery › There is a great chart in the book that discusses how long each stage lasts, dilation of cervix, pain, and other things that may happen during each stage.
  3. 3.  Movement, position, and Rhythm › Walking, swaying, lunging, moving on birthing ball, and dancing Comfort water › Found to relax both mother and baby reducing mothers pain Breathing › Concentrating on your breath can relax muscles and get rid of tension Hypnosis Touch › Touch is powerful and can reduce anxiety
  4. 4.  Heat and Cold  Either can be soothing on the back or abdomen Medications › Not available in outside of hospital births › Usually a narcotic Injectable or Intravenous Opioids › Morphine, Demerol, etc Epidurals and Spinals › Used to numb from the waste down › Epidurals is a catheter placed into the epidural space of spine › Spinal is a one time injection into the spinal cord
  5. 5. › Two ways to give birth  Vaginal  Cesarean section More intense contractions start 10cm dilated Most women start to help by pushing to push the baby through the vagina There are times when pushing does not work and assistance is needed from vacuum extractor or forceps
  6. 6.  Birth by Cesarean section › Surgical removal of baby by an incision in the lower belly region › Certain circumstances like position of baby is wrong, or health complications of mother or baby Delivery of placenta › Completes birthing process › Must naturally come out of your body provider should not pull it out
  7. 7.  Because everyone’s bodies are so different to you believe that anyone can be fully prepared to give birth?

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