The Rights of Women and Minorities The Big IdeaThe Progressive movement made advances for the rights of women and some minorities. Main IdeasWomen fought for temperance and the right to vote. African American reformers challenged discrimination and called for equality.Progressive reforms failed to benefit all minorities.
Main Idea 1: Women fought for temperance and the right to vote. • New educational opportunities drew more women into the Progressive movement.• Denied access to such professions as law and medicine, women entered fields such as social work and education.• Women’s clubs campaigned for many causes, including temperance, women’s suffrage, child welfare, and political reform.
1 Women had equal rights to men in the early 1900s. True False
Temperance• Women reformers took up the cause of temperance: avoidance of alcohol consumption.• The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union campaigned to restrict the sale of alcoholic beverages.• Radical temperance fighter Carry Nation stormed saloons and smashed bottles with an axe in the 1890s. • Temperance efforts led to the Eighteenth Amendment (1919), banning the production, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages.
2 What did the 18th amendment accomplish?A Gave women the right to vote Banned production, sale and transportation of B alcoholC African American men allowed to voteD Banned slavery
Women’s Suffrage• Women reformers fought for suffrage, or the right to vote.• Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony founded the National American Woman Suffrage Association (1890).• Alice Paul founded the more radical National Woman’s Party (1913).• Used parades and public demonstrations, picketing, and hunger strikes to spread their message• Suffragists won the right to vote with the Nineteenth Amendment (1919).
3 What did the 19th amendment accomplish? A Banned alcohol B Changed legal drinking at to 21 C Banned slavery D Gave women the right to vote
Main Idea 2: African American reformers challenged discrimination and called for equality.Booker T. Washington encouraged African Americans to improve their educational and economic wellbeing.Ida B. Wells spoke out against discrimination and drew attention to the lynching of African Americans.W. E. B. Du Bois attacked discrimination and helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. They called for economic and educational equality for African Americans.The National Urban League, founded in 1911, helped African Americans moving from the South to find jobs and housing.
4 Choose three African Americans who challenged discrimination and wanted equality for all. A Booker T. Washington B Abraham Lincoln C Alice Paul D W.E.B. Du Bois E Elizabeth Cady Stanton F Ida Wells
Main Idea 3: Progressive reforms failed to benefit all minorities.• The Society of American Indians wanted Native Americans to adopt the ways of white society, but many of them resisted.• Chinese Americans formed their own groups to help support their members, including neighborhood and district associations, cultural groups, churches, and temples.• Built San Francisco’s Chinese hospital in 1925• Immigration by Mexicans increased during this period, and many worked in farming.• Progressive reforms did little to improve working conditions for farm workers.
5 Many minority groups were left out of the progressive reforms (changes). True False