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AAT Overview


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Assistive and Adaptive Technology Overview

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AAT Overview

  1. 1. Introduction to AAT Jacqui Cyrus, M.A., M.Ed., Ed.D. School of Education University of Guam
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Assistive/Adaptive Technology definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>AT Framework </li></ul>
  3. 3. Assistive Technology <ul><li>Definitions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The applications of science, engineering, and other disciplines that result in processes, methods, or inventions that support people with disabilities.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional information </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Adaptive Technology <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Assistive Technology Device <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off-the-shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities” (U.S. congress, 1988). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul>
  6. 6. Assistive Technology Device cont’d <ul><li>Seven Categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>positioning, mobility, augmentative and alternative communication, computer access, adaptive toys and games, adaptive environments and instructional aids. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Non-assistive Technology <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
  8. 8. Remedial Services <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
  9. 9. Additional Considerations <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it work efficiently? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elegance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does this device represent the simplest, most efficient way to accomplish the task? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ergonomics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it fit the individual? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Additional Considerations -- cont’d <ul><li>Practicality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How available are repair services? At what cost? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this device attractive to the eye? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the device fit well into the user's lifestyle? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Normalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the equipment minimize difference or exaggerate difference? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Additional Considerations -- cont’d <ul><li>Cost effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do the benefits the device provides justify the cost? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there less expensive devices or models that serve the purpose as well? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal acceptance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this device the user's own choice? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the potential user view this device as life-enhancing? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Additional Considerations -- cont’d <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the manufacturer's reputation for reliability? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it stand up well to normal use? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it safe to use? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a margin built in for foreseeable misuse? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. AAT Framework <ul><li>SETT </li></ul><ul><li>Using the SETT Framework, decision makers determine 4 major issues </li></ul><ul><li>AAT Framework </li></ul>
  14. 15. References <ul><li>Bryant, D. P. & Bryant B. R. (2003). Assistive Technology For People With Disabilities. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Congress. (1988). U.S. Congress, Public Law 100-406, Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1988. </li></ul>