It’s not just
for
unbelievers
THE GOSPEL FOR
CHRISTIANS
 In Paul’s letter to the church in Rome he said he is eager to
come and proclaim the Gospel to them
 “So, for my part, I...
 We need constant reminders
 “Do this … in remembrance of me”
 I believe we could study the Gospel everyday for the res...
 Studying the Gospel renews our hope
 but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a
defense t...
 Christians may have come to think of the Gospel as a brief
message proclaimed only to non-believers
 E.g., “The Four Sp...
THE GOSPEL IS VAST
The Gospel presented
to unbelievers
The Gospel that
Christians need to
study and be
constantly reminded...
 The Gospel can be viewed from many different aspects
 Yet it is one message of God’s Good News to man
 The Gospel is t...
 The Objectives of this presentation are:
 To summarize the fullness of the message of the Gospel
 To produce a sense o...
 Gospel means “good news”
 Historically, the Greek word meant a message of victory, or good news
from the battlefield
 ...
 The word is not used in a religious sense in the Old Testament
 The Greek word for Gospel and verb form to preach the G...
 There is a God who eternally exists and has created everything,
including every person
 Although man had perfect fellow...
 The facets of the Gospel are only good news in that “they
bring us to God for our everlasting enjoyment of Him”*
 The f...
 The facets of the Gospel are a reflection of Who God is—God
did what He did because of Who He is, for example:
 Redempt...
 The Gospel is the ultimate expression of the ultimate purpose
that God had in creating, which includes:
 To show His wr...
 The Gospel is a key part of God’s eternal decree. That decree
included:
 Creation: “In the beginning God created the he...
 1 Corinthians 15: 1-8 (NASB) “Now I make known to you,
brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you
rece...
 But now apart from the law the righteousness of God (which is
attested by the law and the prophets) has been disclosed —...
 Ephesians 1:3-14 (NASB) Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual ...
One
Gospel,
Many
Facets
FACETS OF THE GOSPEL
 Redemption
 Justification
 Righteousness
 Regeneration
 Reconciliation
 Propitiation
 Substitution
 Sanctificatio...
 Redemption
 “To secure the release of someone from slavery or captivity by the
payment of a ransom”
 The “ransom” is t...
 λύτρωσις (lutrōsis) noun: to pay the price and to set free
 "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, For He has visited us a...
 ἀγοράζω (agorazō) verb: Buy, purchase in the marketplace
 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spi...
 περιποιέομαι (peripoieomai) verb Purchase, gain, save,
preserve, obtain
 "Be on guard for yourselves and for all the fl...
 In order to redeem us God paid a ransom price, but who did
He pay the price to?
 Some believe the price was paid to Sat...
 Under the Law when one could not pay his debt a kinsman who
was both able to pay the debt, who was free from the guilt o...
 Summary
 When you see “redeem” or “redemption” in Scripture, think about
God paying a high price to purchase us out of ...
 God is righteous
 (Romans 3:21) But now apart from the law the righteousness of God (which is
attested by the law and t...
 Hebrews 5:13 Now everyone who lives on milk is inexperienced with
the message about righteousness, because he is an infa...
 When we were crucified with Christ, our old man, who was
unrighteous, was put to death
 Rom 6:7 For the one that died h...
 Believers are 100% justified and 100% righteous
 We have been made God’s righteousness in Christ (2 Cor 5:21, Rom
5:19)...
 γεννάω gennaō verb Beget, give birth to, produce, effect
 John 1:11-12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the...
 ἀναγεννάω anagennaō verb Beget again, to produce again.
 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who
ac...
 ζῳοποιέω zōopoieō verb Make alive, give life to, vitalize
 (John 5:21) And just as the Father raises the dead and gives...
 κτίσις ktisis noun Creation, creature.
 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, ⌊he is⌋ a new creation; old things
have pass...
 When we were dead in our sins, God made us alive
 Col 2:13 And when you were dead in trespasses and in the
uncircumcisi...
 Characteristics of the one having been born* (perfect tense of
γεννάω gennaō) of God
 Everyone who believes that Jesus ...
The old (creation) A new creation
The Old man The New man
A deceptively wicked heart A New heart
Dead in our sins Alive un...
 ἱλαστήριον hilastērion adj place of propitiation, “Mercy Seat”
 Romans 3:25 God publicly displayed him at his death as ...
 God’s righteous anger against our sin was satisfied by the
blood shed on the cross by the Lord Jesus Christ, as He
recei...
 The goat for the Lord is a sin offering. He slaughters the goat
and sprinkles its blood on the mercy seat (See Lev 16:15...
 God took our sin, placed it on the Lord Jesus Christ, poured
out His wrath against that sin upon Jesus
 2 Cor 5:21 He m...
 ἁγιασμός hagiasmos noun Holiness, sanctification,
purification
 We are sanctified
 Heb 10:10 By this will (God’s will)...
 χαρίζομαι (charizomai) verb to remit, forgive, release (legal)
 Eph 4:32 Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiv...
 Forgiven: ”How joyful are those whose lawless acts are forgiven
and whose sins are covered!” Romans 4:7 (HCSB)
 Forgott...
 apokatallassw (apokatallasso) To reconcile completely, to
restore to a former state
 Col 1:21-22 Once you were alienate...
 John 5:24 "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and
believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does no...
 He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to
Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, to t...
 The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,
and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and ...
 (John 13:8) “You will never wash my feet—ever!” Peter said.
Jesus replied, “If I don’t wash you, you have no part with M...
 (1 Corinthians 3:17) If anyone destroys God’s sanctuary, God
will destroy him; for God’s sanctuary is holy, and that is ...
 ἅγιος hagios adj Holy; (things), consecrated; (persons),
unapproachable, perfect, pure, upright, worthy of God, saint
 ...
SINNERS | SAINTS
Spiritually Dead (Unregenerate) Spiritually Alive (Col 2:13-14)
Condemned Justified (Rom 8:30)
Not redeem...
 βαπτίζω baptizō verb: To dip, immerse, submerge, baptize, identify
 βάπτισμα baptisma noun: Baptism, identification
 A...
 John 8:36 "So if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.
 Rom 6:6-7 knowing this, that our old self was crucif...
 ἐξαιρέω exaireō verb Pluck out, take out, tear out. To remove of
separate from danger and bring to safety, In the New Te...
 ῥύομαι rhuomai verb Save, rescue, deliver. To rescue from a
hostile power that seeks to enslave
 “For He rescued us fro...
 σωτηρία sōtēria noun Salvation, deliverance, preservation
 1 Thess 5:9-10 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to o...
 σῴζω sōzō, depending on the context, means “save”, or “keep
safe”, or “preserve”, or “rescue”, or “make well”
 Note tha...
 προσαγωγή prosagōgē noun Access
 through whom we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in
which we stand, ...
 John 14:27 "Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as
the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your hea...
 "Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you
rest. Matthew 11:28 (NASB)
 To “rest” is to cease w...
 "These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you,
and that your joy may be made full. John 15:11 (NASB)
...
 Definition of Faith
 Now faith is the reality of what is hoped for, the proof of what is not
seen. Hebrews 11:1 (HCSB)
...
 We live by faith (Rom 1:17)
 We walk by faith, not by sight (2 Cor 5:7)
 We are saved by faith through grace (Eph 2:8)...
 Biblical hope is the patient waiting for what we absolutely know will
happen
 For in hope we have been saved, but hope ...
 "Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life
for his friends. John 15:13 (NASB)
 But God demonstrates...
 Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one
comes to the Father except through Me. John 14:6 (HCSB)
...
 σφραγίζω sphragizō verb Seal, seal up, set a seal upon,
affirm, authenticate, certify, acknowledge.
 (2 Corinthians 1:2...
 I give them (Christ’s sheep) eternal life, and they will never [absolutely
never, ever] perish; no one will snatch them ...
 Assurance: Knowing fully, with certainty, having complete
confidence
 God desires us to know we have eternal life
 I h...
 κλητός klētos adjective Called out, invited, chosen, appointed
 including yourselves who also belong to Jesus Christ by...
 καλέω kaleō verb Call, name, summon, invite (146 times in NT)
 And those He predestined, He also called; and those He c...
 ἐκλέγομαι eklegomai verb Choose, select, elect
 For he chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world that we
ma...
 ἐκλεκτός eklektos adj Chosen, select, elect (cont’d)
 Therefore, as the elect (chosen) of God, holy and dearly loved, c...
 προγινώσκω proginōskō verb Know beforehand
 We know that all things work together for the good of those who love
God: t...
 προορίζω proorizō verb Set boundaries beforehand, appoint or
determine beforehand
 And we know that all things work tog...
 τάσσω tassō verb Place, fix, determine, appoint, direct
 When the Gentiles heard this, they rejoiced and glorified the
...
 And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he
also justified; and those he justified, he also glorif...
 1 Cor 1:30 But ⌊it is⌋ from Him that you are in Christ Jesus,
who became God-given wisdom for us—⌊our⌋ righteousness,
sa...
 God wanted to make known among the Gentiles the glorious
wealth of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glo...
 Grace: What God has graciously accomplished for us in Christ
 For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not und...
 My little children, I am writing you these things so that you may
not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate w...
 “…I will grant to eat of the tree of life which is in the Paradise of
God.” Revelation 2:7 (NASB)
 “…He who overcomes w...
 In Christ we are a new creation
 2 Cor 5:17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, ⌊he is⌋ a new creation; old
things have ...
 Christ is in us
 Col 1:27 to whom God did will to make known what is the riches of
the glory of this secret among the n...
 We were sealed with the Holy Spirit
 Eph 1:13 When you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your
salvation, and wh...
 We are God’s sons and daughters (John 1:12)
 We are redeemed (ransomed), eternally, irrevocably
 We are forgiven, full...
 We possess new life—eternal life, life forever with God
 We possess the Holy Spirit, sealed permanently with Him
 Now ...
IN ADAM | IN CHRIST
Sin Righteousness (2 Cor 5:21)
Condemnation Justification (Rom 5:19)
Death Life (1 Cor 15:22)
Flesh Sp...
 Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet
what we will be. We know that when He appears, we wi...
 We are to live as who we truly are in Christ
 Eph 2:10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus [upon]
good ...
 Moment by moment, all believers face a conflict of two sets of
desires within (Gal 5:17)
 The “sin which dwells in me” ...
LIVE LIKE WHO YOU ARE AND WILL BE, NOT WHO YOU WERE
(EPHESIANS 4:17-32)
Who We Were - The Old Man
Spirit Spiritually Dead
...
THE BATTLEGROUND
My Internal
“Decision
Maker”
My Flesh
(Self-
righteousness)
Evil
Desires
Satan’s
Kingdom
Deceiving
Though...
FLESH| SPIRIT
Law (Gal 5:4) Grace (Rom 6:14-15)
Sin (1 Cor 15:56) Peace (Rom 8:6)
Death (Rom 8:6) Life (Eph1:7) and Peace ...
DISCERNMENT
I am thinking a
thought
Where
is it
from?
Dismiss the
thought
Process the
thought
thought, feeling or desire
f...
UNGODLY THOUGHTS
Circumstances
Worry
Hate
Apathy
Broken Promises
Prayerlessness
Doubts
Loneliness
Fear of Death
Is God mad...
GODLY THOUGHTS
I need to pray
I need to read the Bible
What does God’s Word say about ______?
I forgive him/her because Go...
 We are making continual decisions all day long
 To satisfy a desire from one is to deny an opposing desire from the oth...
And their
impact on
the Gospel
CONTROVERSIES
 There have been and still are many controversies surrounding the
Gospel of Jesus Christ
 We all need to be aware of the...
 Now I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause dissensions
and obstacles contrary to the doctrine you have l...
 The epistle to the Christians in Galatia was Paul’s first epistle
 He wrote it to address the first major problem that ...
 We are not under Law but under Grace
 Rom 6:14 For sin will not rule over you, because you are not under law
but under ...
 The power of sin is in the Law
 1 Cor 15:56 Now the sting of death is sin, and the power of sin
is the law.
 If you wa...
 This controversy has been raging since at least the 4th century
 How we deal with this controversy will determine:
 Th...
 Pelagianism: A theology from Pelagius, a British monk (A.D. 360 –
420) that emphasizes human ability and free will rathe...
 Martin Luther (1483-1546), the great German Reformer disputed
with Desiderius Erasmus, arguing against the free will of ...
Synergism Monergism
Pelagius Augustine
Eramus Martin Luther, Huldrich Zwingli
Roman Catholic Church
Jacob Armenius John Ca...
 The maxim of Semi-Pelagianism is, “it is mine to be willing to
believe, and it is the part of God’s grace to assist”
 A...
PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM,
ARMINIANISM (CONT’D)
The Synergistic Gospel (man-centered)
The Monergistic Gospel (God cent...
 The central “issue” with the Calvinist position seems to be:
 How can God choose some to go to heaven and the rest to g...
 Problems with the Arminian position
 Scripture strongly declares the total depravity of man and God’s
foreknowledge and...
The Gospel for Christians
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The Gospel for Christians
The Gospel for Christians
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The Gospel for Christians
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The Gospel for Christians

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Presents a detailed description of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, including redemption, justification, righteousness, regeneration, reconciliation, propitiation, adoption, sanctification, glorification

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  • Faith, Grace, Holy Spirit
  • 1. From the Complete Biblical Library available from Wordsearch, in the description of λυτρόω, (3056).
  • See also (Deuteronomy 25:1)  "If there is a dispute between men, they shall go to court. When the judges decide their case, they shall justify the righteous but condemn the wicked.
  • It would still have been a wonderful thing if God rescued us from hell, then put us on some planet somewhere and let us alone. But He went much further, doing an amazing thing, making us sons and daughters of the living God, and even co-heirs of the Son.
  • See also Rom 11:29, 1Cor 1:26, 1 Cor 7:20, Eph 1:18, Eph 4:4, Phil 3:14, 2 Thess 1:11, Heb 3:1, 2 Pet 1:10
  • 20  He was chosen before the foundation of the world but was revealed at the end of the times for you 21  who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God. 1 Peter 1:20-21 (HCSB)
    “through Him” -> by means of Him, through the agency of Him
  • The Gospel for Christians

    1. 1. It’s not just for unbelievers THE GOSPEL FOR CHRISTIANS
    2. 2.  In Paul’s letter to the church in Rome he said he is eager to come and proclaim the Gospel to them  “So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.” Romans 1:15 (NASB)  Why proclaim the Gospel to a group that is already composed of believers, as Paul stated earlier in his letter?  “First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world.” Romans 1:8 (NASB)  Paul then proceeded to write a letter proclaiming the Gospel in great detail and with deep theology  Paul’s letter to the Romans contain a detailed proclamation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ  I believe the Holy Spirit of God, through the apostle Paul, is communicating that believers also need the Gospel preached to them WHY PREACH THE GOSPEL TO BELIEVERS?
    3. 3.  We need constant reminders  “Do this … in remembrance of me”  I believe we could study the Gospel everyday for the rest of our lives and never fully plumb its depth  The Gospel is the basis for our living—our hope, our relationship to God, our assurance, the reason for our rejoicing  It is not taught enough, because it can’t be taught too much, in my opinion  It is rare, in my observation, to find a sermon series or even a book on “What exactly is the Gospel?”  The Gospel is foundational to Christianity  It is the basic message of Christianity  It is what makes Christianity unique compared to the religions of the world WHY STUDY THE GOSPEL?
    4. 4.  Studying the Gospel renews our hope  but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence; 1 Peter 3:15 (NASB)  The better we understand the Gospel, the better we can “do the work of an evangelist” 2 Timothy 4:5  We absolutely need to get it right!  Gal 1:8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed!  2 Cor 11:3 (NASB) But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ.  2 Tim 2:15 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. WHY STUDY THE GOSPEL?
    5. 5.  Christians may have come to think of the Gospel as a brief message proclaimed only to non-believers  E.g., “The Four Spiritual Laws”, or the “Romans Road” (Romans 3:23, 6:23, 5:8, 10:9-10)  And then after coming to Christ a new believer no longer needs the Gospel but needs to be “discipled”  I submit that understanding the Gospel in its full depth and glory is “solid food” and is required by a mature believer  For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you have need again for someone to teach you the elementary principles of the oracles of God, and you have come to need milk and not solid food. Hebrews 5:12 (NASB) WHY STUDY THE GOSPEL?
    6. 6. THE GOSPEL IS VAST The Gospel presented to unbelievers The Gospel that Christians need to study and be constantly reminded of “We can spend the rest of lives studying the Gospel and never fully plumb its depths” Paul Lasher
    7. 7.  The Gospel can be viewed from many different aspects  Yet it is one message of God’s Good News to man  The Gospel is the message of what God has done for us through the Lord Jesus Christ THE GOSPEL IS MULTIFACETED forgiveness regeneration justification righteousness propitiation reconciliation Eternal life In Christ redemption sanctification
    8. 8.  The Objectives of this presentation are:  To summarize the fullness of the message of the Gospel  To produce a sense of awe, wonder and amazement at the wisdom, power and love of God in what He accomplished for us through the cross of Christ  To develop precise definitions of the doctrinal concepts within the Gospel  To provide the basis for “How should we then live?” PURPOSE OF THIS PRESENTATION
    9. 9.  Gospel means “good news”  Historically, the Greek word meant a message of victory, or good news from the battlefield  The Gospel is proclaimed throughout Scripture  Gal 3:8 The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "ALL THE NATIONS WILL BE BLESSED IN YOU.”  Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel."  1 Cor 15:3-4 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures  Rev 14:6-7 And I saw another angel flying in midheaven, having an eternal gospel to preach to those who live on the earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and people; and he said with a loud voice, "Fear God, and give Him glory, because the hour of His judgment has come; worship Him who made the heaven and the earth and sea and springs of waters." THE GOSPEL
    10. 10.  The word is not used in a religious sense in the Old Testament  The Greek word for Gospel and verb form to preach the Gospel occurs sporadically throughout the New Testament  Concentrated in Paul’s epistles (60 times)  In Matthew and Mark, Luke only has the verb form, not at all in John  A couple of times in Acts and Revelation  The Gospel is not explicitly defined anywhere, as to exactly what constitutes the Gospel  1 Cor 15:3-5 is a concise summary of the Gospel  Romans 1-11 is a detailed presentation of the Gospel  The Gospel is proclaimed in Acts many times but the presentation varies according to the audience  A simple definition of the Gospel: the Person and Work of Christ  The Gospel in its fullness includes Who God is and What God has done for us in and through Christ (and is doing and will do), who we are in Christ, what we possess in Christ, including the gifts He has given us, and the promises for what is yet future for us THE GOSPEL
    11. 11.  There is a God who eternally exists and has created everything, including every person  Although man had perfect fellowship with God, man rebelled and was plunged into darkness, sin, rebellion and hopelessness  Although God would have been just in separating man from Himself eternally, but because of His great love for us, He sent His one and only Son, Jesus, the prophesied Messiah, fully man and fully God, to die for our sins in order to purchase us for Himself  God raised Christ from the dead demonstrating His complete satisfaction of His just wrath against sin as satisfied in Christ’s sacrificial death  In Acts 17:30 God commands all men everywhere to repent (change your direction, how you think about God and Jesus Christ, who He is and what He has done)  In Mark 1:15 Jesus commanded to believe in the Gospel (in His complete provisions for you in His death, burial and resurrection)  In Acts 2:38 we are commanded to be fully identified with Christ in His suffering, death and resurrection for you! THE GOSPEL – A BRIEF SUMMARY
    12. 12.  The facets of the Gospel are only good news in that “they bring us to God for our everlasting enjoyment of Him”*  The facets of the Gospel show how God removed the barriers that separated man from God  The good news of the Gospel and the ultimate end of the Gospel is our eternity of intimate fellowship with God  “Then I heard a loud voice from the throne: Look! God’s dwelling is with humanity, and He will live with them. They will be His people, and God Himself will be with them and be their God.” Revelation 21:3 (HCSB)  “… His servants will worship him, and they will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.” Revelation 22:3-4 (NET1)  Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 1 Thessalonians 4:17 (NASB) *For more, read “God is the Gospel”, by John Piper THE GOSPEL IN CONTEXT
    13. 13.  The facets of the Gospel are a reflection of Who God is—God did what He did because of Who He is, for example:  Redemption reflects the love of God the Father, who was willing to sacrifice His One and Only Son, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who willingly suffered and died for us  Justification reflects the justice of God and righteousness of God— God is righteous in making us righteous and declaring us to be righteous  Regeneration reflects the power of God in raising us all from the dead when He raised Christ from the dead  Reconciliation reflects the goodness of God in doing whatever it took to restore eternal fellowship with Him  Propitiation demonstrates His just wrath against sin and His mercy for not giving us what we deserve  Salvation reflects God’s grace in giving us what we don’t deserve THE GOSPEL IN CONTEXT
    14. 14.  The Gospel is the ultimate expression of the ultimate purpose that God had in creating, which includes:  To show His wrath against sin: Rom 9:22  To make His power known: “But what if God, willing to demonstrate his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience the objects of wrath prepared for destruction? Rom 9:22  To show the riches of His glory: “And what if he is willing to make known the wealth of his glory on the objects of mercy that he has prepared beforehand for glory” Rom 9:23  To show the riches of His grace: “to demonstrate in the coming ages the surpassing wealth of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. Ephesians 2:7 (NET1)  To show the manifold wisdom of God: “The purpose of this enlightenment is that through the church the multifaceted wisdom of God should now be disclosed to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly realms” Eph 3:10 THE GOSPEL IN CONTEXT
    15. 15.  The Gospel is a key part of God’s eternal decree. That decree included:  Creation: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Genesis 1:1 (HCSB)  The presence of sin: ”You said to yourself: “I will ascend to the heavens; I will set up my throne above the stars of God. I will sit on the mount of the ⌊gods’⌋ assembly, in the remotest parts of the North.” Isaiah 14:13 (HCSB)  The Lord Jesus Christ incarnate in human flesh ”See, the virgin will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and they will name Him Immanuel, which is translated “God is with us.” Matthew 1:23 (HCSB)  His vicarious suffering and death: “Christ died for our sins…”  His resurrection from the dead: “He rose from the dead the third day…”  The consummation of all things brought together in Christ: “That in the dispensation of the fullness of times He might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in Him” Ephesians 1:10 THE GOSPEL IN CONTEXT
    16. 16.  1 Corinthians 15: 1-8 (NASB) “Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also.” KEY GOSPEL PASSAGES
    17. 17.  But now apart from the law the righteousness of God (which is attested by the law and the prophets) has been disclosed — namely, the righteousness of God through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. But they are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus. God publicly displayed him at his death as the mercy seat accessible through faith. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed. This was also to demonstrate his righteousness in the present time, so that he would be just and the justifier of the one who lives because of Jesus’ faithfulness. Romans 3:21-26 (NET) (all one sentence in the Greek text)  Romans Chapters 1-5 introduces the Gospel. Galatians 2:15 – 4:31 expands on the theme introduced in Romans KEY GOSPEL PASSAGES
    18. 18.  Ephesians 1:3-14 (NASB) Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved. In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace which He lavished on us. In all wisdom and insight He made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His kind intention which He purposed in Him with a view to an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth. In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will, to the end that we who were the first to hope in Christ would be to the praise of His glory. In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory. (all one sentence in the Greek text)  Colossians 1:13-29, 1 Peter 1:2-5, 2 Peter 1:2-4 are parallel passages KEY GOSPEL PASSAGES
    19. 19. One Gospel, Many Facets FACETS OF THE GOSPEL
    20. 20.  Redemption  Justification  Righteousness  Regeneration  Reconciliation  Propitiation  Substitution  Sanctification  Forgiveness  Eternal Life  Adoption  Inheritance  Washed FACETS OF THE GOSPEL  Made Holy  Baptized  Set Free  Rescued  Saved  Access  Peace  Rest  Joy  Faith  Hope  Loved  Truth  Sealed  Secure  Called  Chosen  Foreknown  Predestined  Appointed  Glorified  In Christ  Under Grace  The New Man  Our Certain Future  The Christian Life
    21. 21.  Redemption  “To secure the release of someone from slavery or captivity by the payment of a ransom”  The “ransom” is the payment (price) paid  The result is “redemption”, set free from slavery  λύτρον lutron noun ransom, redemption price  "For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many." Mark 10:45 (NASB)  The price paid to redeem us was the blood of Christ  knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ. 1 Peter 1:18-19 (NASB)  The blood of Christ implies the shedding of blood to the point of death—an infinite price, giving all that He had to give REDEEM, REDEMPTION
    22. 22.  λύτρωσις (lutrōsis) noun: to pay the price and to set free  "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, For He has visited us and accomplished redemption for His people, Luke 1:68 (NASB)  Heb 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us  ἀπολύτρωσις (apolutrōsis) noun: to ransom in full, to pay the price completely, once and for all  Ro 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:  1Co 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:  Eph 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;  Col 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins REDEEM, REDEMPTION
    23. 23.  ἀγοράζω (agorazō) verb: Buy, purchase in the marketplace  Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own? For you have been bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body.” 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (NASB)  And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. Revelation 5:9 (NASB)  ἐξαγοράζω (exagorazō) verb: to be taken out of the market place, that is, as a prized possession never to be bought and sold again. Taken out of marketability  Ga 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree  Ga 4:5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons REDEEM, REDEMPTION
    24. 24.  περιποιέομαι (peripoieomai) verb Purchase, gain, save, preserve, obtain  "Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood. Acts 20:28 (NASB)  λυτρόω (lutroō) verb Redeem by paying a ransom, set free, rescue.  (Titus 2:14) He gave Himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to cleanse for Himself a people for His own possession, eager to do good works.  “Exagorazō is related in meaning to lutroō… While both words refer to redeem, exagorazō focuses on the price paid while lutroō denotes the actual deliverance, i.e., the setting at liberty. It is one of the most meaningful words in the Bible in that it expresses the purpose for which God gave His Son.”1 REDEEM, REDEMPTION
    25. 25.  In order to redeem us God paid a ransom price, but who did He pay the price to?  Some believe the price was paid to Satan since sinners are under the authority and bondage to Satan, e.g., Jesus sent Paul “to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.' Acts 26:18 (NASB)  God paid the ransom price to Himself, the righteous Judge, who wrote our certificate of debt, and nailed it to the cross  having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. Colossians 2:14 (NASB)  God is the one who was offended, it was His law we broke, He determined the price (wage) of sin, which is death, it is He who condemns the sinner REDEEM, REDEMPTION
    26. 26.  Under the Law when one could not pay his debt a kinsman who was both able to pay the debt, who was free from the guilt of the debt, and willing to pay the debt, could pay the price and set his kinsman free (Lev 25:48-49)  The book of Ruth is a beautiful picture of the work of the “kinsman redeemer”  Boaz was a kinsman of Naomi’s husband and because of his love for Ruth he was not only able, but willing to redeem that which was Naomi’s  The Lord Jesus Christ is our Kinsman Redeemer  We could not redeem ourselves. He was willing and able to redeem us by paying the price of shedding His blood and dying for us  Our kinsman redeemer had to be a man to be our kinsman  Hebrews 2:17 Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. (NASB) KINSMAN REDEEMER
    27. 27.  Summary  When you see “redeem” or “redemption” in Scripture, think about God paying a high price to purchase us out of slavery, setting us free  In redeeming us, God paid an infinite price in the shed blood and death of His one and only Son  The price paid was the price demanded by God’s perfect justice  Our redemption was done once, we are His prized possession, never to be sold again  Our redemption cost us nothing but cost God everything in sacrificing His one and only Son  To relate in some way to what our redemption cost God, consider the narrative in Genesis 22 regarding Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac  We can only imagine what must have gone through Abraham’s mind when God told him to go and sacrifice his only son REDEEM, REDEMPTION
    28. 28.  God is righteous  (Romans 3:21) But now apart from the law the righteousness of God (which is attested by the law and the prophets) has been disclosed — (22) namely, the righteousness of God through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction, (23) for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. (24) But they are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus. (25) God publicly displayed him at his death as the mercy seat accessible through faith. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed. (26) This was also to demonstrate his righteousness in the present time, so that he would be just and the justifier of the one who lives because of Jesus’ faithfulness.  We were unrighteous  (Ecclesiastes 7:20) There is certainly no righteous man on the earth who does good and never sins.  (Romans 3:9) What then? Are we better off? Certainly not, for we have already charged that Jews and Greeks alike are all under sin,  (Romans 3:10) as it is written: There is no one righteous, not even one. RIGHTEOUSNESS
    29. 29.  Hebrews 5:13 Now everyone who lives on milk is inexperienced with the message about righteousness, because he is an infant.  Justification and righteousness are closely related, coming from the same Greek root word (the adjective for righteous)  To “justify” means either to declare or show to be righteous  In James, Abraham was shown to be righteous by his works  God has declared us righteous  1 Cor 6:11 And some of you were these things, but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God  How can God be righteous in calling us righteous if, in fact, we are unrighteous?  Prov 17:15 He that justifies the wicked, and he that condemns the just, even they both are abomination to the LORD  The answer is that He first made us righteous before declaring us righteous  2 Cor 5:21 He made the one who did not know sin to be sin on our behalf, in order that we could become the righteousness of God in him  Rom 5:19 For just as through one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so also through the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. JUSTIFICATION/RIGHTEOUSNESS
    30. 30.  When we were crucified with Christ, our old man, who was unrighteous, was put to death  Rom 6:7 For the one that died has been justified from sin. (LITV)  When we were raised with Christ, God made our new man righteous  Eph 4:24 and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth  1 John 2:29 If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone also who does righteousness is born of Him  1 John 3:7 Little children, make sure no one deceives you; the one who does righteousness is righteous, just as He is righteous;  1 John 3:9 Everyone who has been born of God does not sin, because His seed remains in him; he is not able to sin, because he has been born of God  Righteousness is a gift that we receive  Rom 5:17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ JUSTIFICATION/RIGHTEOUSNESS
    31. 31.  Believers are 100% justified and 100% righteous  We have been made God’s righteousness in Christ (2 Cor 5:21, Rom 5:19) “and be found in him, not because I have my own righteousness derived from the law, but because I have the righteousness that comes by way of Christ’s faithfulness – a righteousness from God that is in fact based on Christ’s faithfulness.” Phil 3:9 (NET)  God’s righteousness can not be improved upon  We can not add our righteousness based on works to His righteousness  God’s righteousness can not be tarnished or diminished  The opposite of justification is condemnation and there is NO condemnation for believers  Rom 8:1 Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.  There is ZERO condemnation for believers, not even a little  Justification is not being made righteous. God made us righteous in regeneration (see next slide) JUSTIFICATION/RIGHTEOUSNESS
    32. 32.  γεννάω gennaō verb Beget, give birth to, produce, effect  John 1:11-12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God  John 3:3-8 (NASB) Jesus answered and said to him, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God." Nicodemus said to Him, "How can a man be born when he is old? He cannot enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born, can he?" Jesus answered, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you, 'You must be born again.' The wind blows where it wishes and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going; so is everyone who is born of the Spirit." REGENERATION
    33. 33.  ἀναγεννάω anagennaō verb Beget again, to produce again.  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead 1 Peter 1:3 (NASB)  for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word of God. 1 Peter 1:23 (NASB)  παλιγγενεσία palingenesia new birth, rebirth, regeneration  Titus 3:5 He saved us— not by works of righteousness that we had done, but according to His mercy, through the washing of regeneration and renewal by the Holy Spirit  Συζωοποιέω suzōopoieō verb To make alive together with  Col 2:13 And when you were dead in trespasses and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive with Him and forgave us all our trespasses REGENERATION
    34. 34.  ζῳοποιέω zōopoieō verb Make alive, give life to, vitalize  (John 5:21) And just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to anyone He wants to.  (John 6:63) The Spirit is the One who gives life. The flesh doesn’t help at all. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and are life.  (1 Corinthians 15:22) For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.  (1 Corinthians 15:45) So it is written: The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam became a life-giving Spirit.  (2 Corinthians 3:6) He has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter, but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit produces life.  (Galatians 3:21) Is the law therefore contrary to God’s promises? Absolutely not! For if a law had been given that was able to give life, then righteousness would certainly be by the law. REGENERATION
    35. 35.  κτίσις ktisis noun Creation, creature.  Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, ⌊he is⌋ a new creation; old things have passed away, and look, new things have come. 2 Corinthians 5:17 (HCSB)  For neither is circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation. Galatians 6:15 (NASB)  κτίζω ktizō verb Create, form, shape, found.  and to put on the new man, which according to God was created in righteousness and true holiness. Ephesians 4:24 (LITV) REGENERATION
    36. 36.  When we were dead in our sins, God made us alive  Col 2:13 And when you were dead in trespasses and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive with Him and forgave us all our trespasses  When God made us alive He made us righteous  Our new man is righteous (just as our old man was unrighteous)  “and to put on the new man, which according to God was created in righteousness and true holiness.” Ephesians 4:24 (LITV)  Regeneration includes the old man being put to death with Christ, and our new man being raised with Christ  Rom 6:4 Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life.  Regeneration and Sanctification in the same verse  “For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you [regeneration] will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus. [sanctification]“ Philippians 1:6 (NASB) REGENERATION
    37. 37.  Characteristics of the one having been born* (perfect tense of γεννάω gennaō) of God  Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Messiah has been born* of God, and everyone who loves the Father also loves the one born of Him. 1 John 5:1 (HCSB)  If you know that He is righteous, know that everyone doing righteousness has been born* of Him. 1 John 2:29 (LITV)  Everyone who has been begotten* of God does not sin, because His seed abides in him, and he is not able to sin, because he has been born* of God. 1 John 3:9 (LITV)  Beloved, let us love one another, because love is of God, and everyone who loves has been born* of God, and knows God. 1 John 4:7 (LITV)  We know that everyone having been born* of God does not sin, but the one born of God keeps [him], and the evil does not touch him. 1 John 5:18 (LITV)  Because everything having been born* of God overcomes the world, and this is the victory overcoming the world, our faith. 1 John 5:4 (LITV) REGENERATION
    38. 38. The old (creation) A new creation The Old man The New man A deceptively wicked heart A New heart Dead in our sins Alive unto God and righteousness Sinners that sin He that is righteous does righteousness Our old man - crucified We have been raised to new life From the realm of the flesh To the realm of the Spirit From the realm of earth To the realm of Heaven From the realm of sin To the realm of righteousness From the realm of Law To the realm of Grace From the realm of Adam To the realm of Christ REGENERATION Before Regeneration After Regeneration
    39. 39.  ἱλαστήριον hilastērion adj place of propitiation, “Mercy Seat”  Romans 3:25 God publicly displayed him at his death as the mercy seat accessible through faith. This was to demonstrate his righteousness, because God in his forbearance had passed over the sins previously committed. (NET1) Hebrews 9:5 and above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat; but of these things we cannot now speak in detail. (NASB)  ἱλασμός hilasmos noun propitiation  1 John 2:2 and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.  1 John 4:10 In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins. (NASB)  ἱλάσκομαι hilaskomai verb Propitiate, conciliate, be propitiated, expiate.  Therefore, He had to be like His brothers in every way, so that He could become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. Hebrews 2:17 (HCSB) PROPITIATION
    40. 40.  God’s righteous anger against our sin was satisfied by the blood shed on the cross by the Lord Jesus Christ, as He received the just punishment for our sin, in our place  In the Day of Atonement, sins where covered temporarily. But Christ, “not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.” Hebrews 9:12  Note: “Expiation” is spoken of in the Bible but typically does not occur in English translations. Expiation is the cancellation of sins, contrasting with propitiation, which is the appeasing of divine wrath.  Propitiation and expiation are both illustrated in the Day of Atonement in Leviticus where Aaron takes two goats and casts lots for them, one for the Lord and the other for the scapegoat PROPITIATION
    41. 41.  The goat for the Lord is a sin offering. He slaughters the goat and sprinkles its blood on the mercy seat (See Lev 16:15)  The first goat symbolizes Christ’s work on the cross: an innocent victim taking the place of the offending sinner, bearing the penalty of the sin they deserve  Jesus exhausted the wrath of God (propitiation) that we deserve  As all the people watched the High Priest would lay his hands on the scapegoat’s head and he would confess the sins of the people of Israel. They would watch as he released the scapegoat into the wilderness, never to be seen again (See Lev 16:20)  The sins of the people were transferred to the scapegoat and were carried away from the presence of the Lord and the people  After exhausting God’s wrath against our sins, they were removed (expiation) from our presence and God’s presence, never to be seen again “As far as the east is from the west, So far has He removed our transgressions from us.” Psalm 103:12 (NASB) PROPITIATION
    42. 42.  God took our sin, placed it on the Lord Jesus Christ, poured out His wrath against that sin upon Jesus  2 Cor 5:21 He made the one who did not know sin to be sin on our behalf, in order that we could become the righteousness of God in him  The Lord Jesus Christ died in our place  1 Cor 15:3-4 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures  In the above verse the word “for” is translated from the Greek ὑπέρ huper, a preposition meaning “on behalf of”, or “for the sake of”  just as the Father knows me and I know the Father — and I lay down my life for the sheep. John 10:15 (NET1)  But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Romans 5:8 (NASB) SUBSTITUTION
    43. 43.  ἁγιασμός hagiasmos noun Holiness, sanctification, purification  We are sanctified  Heb 10:10 By this will (God’s will) we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all  1 Cor 6:11 Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God  We also participate in sanctification  1 Thess 4:3 For this is God’s will, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality  2 Cor 7:1 Therefore, dear friends, since we have such promises, let us cleanse ourselves from every impurity of the flesh and spirit, completing our sanctification in the fear of God  Heb 12:14 Pursue peace with all men, and the sanctification without which no one will see the Lord SANCTIFICATION
    44. 44.  χαρίζομαι (charizomai) verb to remit, forgive, release (legal)  Eph 4:32 Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you  Col 2:13 When you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions,  ἀφίημι (aphiēmi) verb to forgive, pardon, remit (relational)  1 Joh 2:12 I am writing to you, little children, because your sins have been forgiven you for His name's sake  All of our sins are forgiven, once for all, past, present and future  Heb 10:12-14 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, waiting from that time onward UNTIL HIS ENEMIES BE MADE A FOOTSTOOL FOR HIS FEET. For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified  Rom 6:10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. FORGIVENESS
    45. 45.  Forgiven: ”How joyful are those whose lawless acts are forgiven and whose sins are covered!” Romans 4:7 (HCSB)  Forgotten: “It is I who sweep away your transgressions for My own sake and remember your sins no more. Isaiah 43:25 (HCSB)  Removed: As far as the east is from the west, So far has He removed our transgressions from us. Psalm 103:12 (NASB)  "Lo, for my own welfare I had great bitterness; It is You who has kept my soul from the pit of nothingness, For You have cast all my sins behind Your back.” Isaiah 38:17 (NASB)  “He will again have compassion on us; He will tread our iniquities under foot. Yes, You will cast all their sins Into the depths of the sea.” Micah 7:19 (NASB)  "Come now, and let us reason together," Says the LORD, "Though your sins are as scarlet, They will be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, They will be like wool.” Isaiah 1:18 (NASB) FORGIVENESS
    46. 46.  apokatallassw (apokatallasso) To reconcile completely, to restore to a former state  Col 1:21-22 Once you were alienated and hostile in your minds because of your evil actions. But now He has reconciled you by His physical body through His death, to present you holy, faultless, and blameless before Him—  katallagh (katallagay) To change, to restore  2 Cor 5:18 Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation,  καταλλάσσω (katallassō) verb reconcile  Rom 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life  God has reconciled us to Himself. He didn’t need to reconcile Himself to us RECONCILIATION
    47. 47.  John 5:24 "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.  John 10:28 I give them eternal life, and they will never perish— ever! No one will snatch them out of My hand.  John 17:3 This is eternal life: that they may know You, the only true God, and the One You have sent—Jesus Christ.  Acts 13:48 When the Gentiles heard this, they rejoiced and glorified the message of the Lord, and all who had been appointed to eternal life believed.  Rom 6:22 But now having been freed from sin and enslaved to God, you derive your benefit, resulting in sanctification, and the outcome, eternal life.  1 John 5:13 I have written these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life. ETERNAL LIFE
    48. 48.  He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved. Ephesians 1:5-6 (NASB)  Because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!" Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God. Galatians 4:6-7 (NASB)  See how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him. 1 John 3:1 (NASB)  For in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God through faith. Galatians 3:26 (NET1) ADOPTION
    49. 49.  The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, heirs also, heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him so that we may also be glorified with Him. Romans 8:16-17 (NASB)  In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory. Ephesians 1:13-14 (NASB)  I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, and what is the surpassing greatness of His power toward us who believe. These are in accordance with the working of the strength of His might Ephesians 1:18-19 (NASB)  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 1 Peter 1:3-4 (NASB) INHERITANCE
    50. 50.  (John 13:8) “You will never wash my feet—ever!” Peter said. Jesus replied, “If I don’t wash you, you have no part with Me.” (9) Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, not only my feet, but also my hands and my head.” (10) “One who has bathed,” Jesus told him, “doesn’t need to wash anything except his feet, but he is completely clean. You are clean, but not all of you.”  (John 15:3) You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you.  (1 Corinthians 6:11) And some of you used to be like this. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.  (Titus 3:5) He saved us— not by works of righteousness that we had done, but according to His mercy, through the washing of regeneration and renewal by the Holy Spirit. WASHED
    51. 51.  (1 Corinthians 3:17) If anyone destroys God’s sanctuary, God will destroy him; for God’s sanctuary is holy, and that is what you are. (Ephesians 1:4) For He chose us in Him, before the foundation of the world, to be holy and blameless in His sight. In love  (Ephesians 5:27) that He might present to Himself the church in all her glory, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that she would be holy and blameless.  (Colossians 1:22) But now He has reconciled you by His physical body through His death, to present you holy, faultless, and blameless before Him—  (1 Thessalonians 5:23) Now may the God of peace himself make you completely holy and may your spirit and soul and body be kept entirely blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. MADE HOLY
    52. 52.  ἅγιος hagios adj Holy; (things), consecrated; (persons), unapproachable, perfect, pure, upright, worthy of God, saint  Translated “saints” (61 times), “holy” or “Holy”, “sanctuary” or “Holy place” or “Holiest place”  Rom 1:7 to all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called saints; Grace to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ!  1 Corinthians 3:17 If someone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy, which is what you are.  Eph 1:4 according as He did choose us in Him before the foundation of the world, for our being holy and unblemished before Him, in love (YLT)  but now he has reconciled you by his physical body through death to present you holy, without blemish, and blameless before him — Colossians 1:22 (NET1)  We are not “sinners saved by grace” rather “I was a sinner, God saved me by His grace, I am now a saint (who occasionally still sins)” SAINTS (HOLY)
    53. 53. SINNERS | SAINTS Spiritually Dead (Unregenerate) Spiritually Alive (Col 2:13-14) Condemned Justified (Rom 8:30) Not redeemed Redeemed (Eph1:7) Unrighteous Righteous (2 Cor 5:21) Unreconciled Reconciled (Col 1:21-22) Do not have eternal life Have Eternal Life (John 3:36) Cursed Blessed (Eph 1:3) In Bondage Set Free (Rom 7:6) Children of the Devil Adopted as sons of God (1 John 3:1) Sick Healed (1 Peter 2:24) Slaves to sin Slaves to Righteousness (Rom 6:18) Death reigns We reign in life (Rom 5:17) Live in Darkness Live in the Light (1 Thess 5:4-5) Under Satan’s authority In His Son’s Kingdom (Col 1:13)
    54. 54.  βαπτίζω baptizō verb: To dip, immerse, submerge, baptize, identify  βάπτισμα baptisma noun: Baptism, identification  All believers have undergone a spiritual baptism into Christ, having died with Christ, buried with Him, and raised with Him into new life  (Romans 6:1) What should we say then? Should we continue in sin so that grace may multiply? (2) Absolutely not! How can we who died to sin still live in it? (3) Or are you unaware that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? (4) Therefore we were buried with Him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we too may walk in a new way of life. (5) For if we have been joined with Him in the likeness of His death, we will certainly also be in the likeness of His resurrection. (6) For we know that our old self was crucified with Him in order that sin’s dominion over the body may be abolished, so that we may no longer be enslaved to sin, (7) since a person who has died is freed from sin’s claims. (8) Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with Him, (9) because we know that Christ, having been raised from the dead, will not die again. Death no longer rules over Him. (10) For in light of the fact that He died, He died to sin once for all; but in light of the fact that He lives, He lives to God. (11) So, you too consider yourselves dead to sin but alive to God in Christ Jesus. BAPTIZED
    55. 55.  John 8:36 "So if the Son makes you free, you will be free indeed.  Rom 6:6-7 knowing this, that our old self was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin; for he who has died is freed from sin.  Rom 6:14 For sin will not rule over you, because you are not under law but under grace.  Rom 6:18 and having been freed from sin, you became* slaves of righteousness  Rom 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death  2 Cor 3:17 And the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty;  Gal 5:1 It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery  Gal 5:13 For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another.  * God set you free and made you to be a slave to righteousness SET FREE
    56. 56.  ἐξαιρέω exaireō verb Pluck out, take out, tear out. To remove of separate from danger and bring to safety, In the New Testament exaireō may refer to a violent extraction (Matthew 5:29); to taking one out of indescribable circumstances (“set free, deliver, rescue,” see Acts 7:10); or to taking one away by force (Acts 23:27). Exaireō can also mean “deliver, select” or “choose out” Acts 26:17. In all of the above occurrences, as well as over 75 occurrences in the Septuagint (translating no fewer than 15 different Hebrew words), this term carries with it the implication of implicit danger. Thus it is a strong verb used to describe an unquestionably necessary form of removal.  “Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, who gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be the glory forevermore. Amen.” Galatians 1:3- 5 (NASB) RESCUED
    57. 57.  ῥύομαι rhuomai verb Save, rescue, deliver. To rescue from a hostile power that seeks to enslave  “For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son,” Colossians 1:13 (NASB)  “and to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, that is Jesus, who rescues us from the wrath to come.” 1 Thessalonians 1:10 (NASB) RESCUED
    58. 58.  σωτηρία sōtēria noun Salvation, deliverance, preservation  1 Thess 5:9-10 For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him  Heb 5:9 And having been made perfect, He became to all those who obey Him the source of eternal salvation  Rom 13:11 Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed.  σῴζω sōzō verb Save, keep safe, preserve, rescue, make well  Titus 3:5 He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit,  Eph 2:8-9 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast SALVATION/ SAVED
    59. 59.  σῴζω sōzō, depending on the context, means “save”, or “keep safe”, or “preserve”, or “rescue”, or “make well”  Note that σῴζω sōzō does not mean “redeemed”, or “regenerated”, or “reconciled”, or “forgiven” or “given eternal life”  In English, “save” means “To preserve from injury, destruction or evil of any kind; to rescue from danger; as, to save a house from the flames; to save a man from drowning; to save a family from ruin; to save a state from war” (Websters)  Acts 27:20 ”For many days neither sun nor stars appeared, and the severe storm kept raging. Finally all hope that we would be saved was disappearing.“  Acts 27:31 “Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay with the ship, you cannot be saved.”  1 Tim 4:16 “Pay close attention to your life and your teaching; persevere in these things, for by doing this you will save both yourself and your hearers”  Timothy will keep himself and his hearers safe by paying attention to himself and his teaching (doctrine) SALVATION, SAVED
    60. 60.  προσαγωγή prosagōgē noun Access  through whom we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in the hope of God’s glory. Romans 5:2 (NET1)  For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father. Ephesians 2:18 (HCSB)  In Him we have boldness and confident access through faith in Him. Ephesians 3:12 (HCSB)  Therefore let us approach the throne of grace with boldness, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us at the proper time. Hebrews 4:16 (HCSB)  let us draw near with a sincere heart in the assurance that faith brings, because we have had our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed in pure water. Hebrews 10:22 (NET1)  12 For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous and his ears are open to their prayer. But the Lord’s face is against those who do evil. 1 Peter 3:12 (NET1) quote from Psalms 34:15-16 ACCESS
    61. 61.  John 14:27 "Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.  Rom 5:1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,  For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, Ephesians 2:14 (NASB )  Rom 8:6 For the mind set on the flesh is death, but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace Rom 14:17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.  and through Him to reconcile everything to Himself by making peace through the blood of His cross— whether things on earth or things in heaven. Colossians 1:20 (HCSB)  Gal 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,  2 Thess 3:16 May the Lord of peace Himself give you peace always in every way. The Lord be with all of you. PEACE
    62. 62.  "Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28 (NASB)  To “rest” is to cease working to establish our own righteousness and to rest in God’s provision in making us righteous  For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, "AS I SWORE IN MY WRATH, THEY SHALL NOT ENTER MY REST," although His works were finished from the foundation of the world. Hebrews 4:3 (NASB)  So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God. Hebrews 4:9 (NASB)  For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His. Hebrews 4:10 (NASB)  Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so that no one will fall, through following the same example of disobedience. Hebrews 4:11 (NASB)  Return to your rest, O my soul, For the LORD has dealt bountifully with you. Psalm 116:7 (NASB) REST
    63. 63.  "These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full. John 15:11 (NASB)  for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. Rom 14:17 (NASB)  You reveal the path of life to me; in Your presence is abundant joy; in Your right hand are eternal pleasures. Psalm 16:11  But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, Galatians 5:22 (NASB)  and though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, 1 Peter 1:8 (NASB)  Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, Jude 1:24 (NASB) JOY
    64. 64.  Definition of Faith  Now faith is the reality of what is hoped for, the proof of what is not seen. Hebrews 11:1 (HCSB)  Faith is given to us as a gift  For by the grace given to me, I tell everyone among you not to think of himself more highly than he should think. Instead, think sensibly, as God has distributed a measure of faith to each one. Romans 12:3 (HCSB)  For it has been given to you on Christ’s behalf not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for Him, Philippians 1:29 (HCSB)  … to those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ, have been granted a faith just as precious as ours. 2 Peter 1:1  Christ is the source and finisher  keeping our eyes on Jesus, the source and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that lay before Him endured a cross and despised the shame and has sat down at the right hand of God’s throne. Hebrews 12:2 (HCSB)  I am sure of this, that He who started a good work in you will carry it on to completion until the day of Christ Jesus. Philippians 1:6 FAITH
    65. 65.  We live by faith (Rom 1:17)  We walk by faith, not by sight (2 Cor 5:7)  We are saved by faith through grace (Eph 2:8)  We are declared righteous by faith (Rom 3:28, Gal 2:16)  We have access to God by faith (Rom 5:2, Eph 3:12)  We stand by faith (Rom 11:20)  We wait for the hope of righteousness by faith (Gal 5:5)  We take up the shield of faith (Eph 6:16)  We are commanded to exercise our faith  Now this is His command: that we believe in the name of His Son Jesus Christ, and love one another as He commanded us. 1 John 3:23 (HCSB)  and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel." Mark 1:15 (NASB) FAITH
    66. 66.  Biblical hope is the patient waiting for what we absolutely know will happen  For in hope we have been saved, but hope that is seen is not hope; for who hopes for what he already sees? But if we hope for what we do not see, with perseverance we wait eagerly for it. Romans 8:24-25 (NASB)  For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. Romans 15:4 (NASB)  Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you will abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit. Romans 15:13 (NASB)  Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. 1 John 3:2-3 (NASB)  but honor the Messiah as Lord in your hearts. Always be ready to give a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you. 1 Peter 3:15 HOPE
    67. 67.  "Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life for his friends. John 15:13 (NASB)  But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Romans 5:8 (NASB)  For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. Romans 8:38-39 (NASB)  But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),… Ephesians 2:4-5 (NASB)  The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all. 2 Corinthians 13:13 (NASB) LOVED
    68. 68.  Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me. John 14:6 (HCSB)  You will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” John 8:32 (HCSB)  He is the Spirit of truth. The world is unable to receive Him because it doesn’t see Him or know Him. But you do know Him, because He remains with you and will be in you. John 14:17 (HCSB)  I have not written to you because you don’t know the truth, but because you do know it, and because no lie comes from the truth. 1 John 2:21 (HCSB)  They forbid marriage and demand abstinence from foods that God created to be received with gratitude by those who believe and know the truth. 1 Timothy 4:3 (HCSB)  Therefore, I intend to remind you constantly of these things even though you know them and are well established in the truth that you now have. 2 Peter 1:12 (NET1) TRUTH
    69. 69.  σφραγίζω sphragizō verb Seal, seal up, set a seal upon, affirm, authenticate, certify, acknowledge.  (2 Corinthians 1:21) Now it is God who strengthens us, with you, in Christ and has anointed us. (22) He has also sealed us and given us the Spirit as a down payment in our hearts.  (Ephesians 1:13) When you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and when you believed in Him, you were also sealed with the promised Holy Spirit. (14) He is the down payment of our inheritance, for the redemption of the possession, to the praise of His glory.  (Ephesians 4:30) And don’t grieve God’s Holy Spirit. You were sealed by Him for the day of redemption. SEALED
    70. 70.  I give them (Christ’s sheep) eternal life, and they will never [absolutely never, ever] perish; no one will snatch them from my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one can snatch them from my Father’s hand. The Father and I are one.” John 10:28-30 (NET1)  Who will separate us from the love of Christ? Will trouble, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword? As it is written, “For your sake we encounter death all day long; we were considered as sheep to be slaughtered.” No, in all these things we have complete victory through him who loved us! For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor heavenly rulers, nor things that are present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in creation will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord. Romans 8:35-39 (NET1)  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy he gave us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, that is, into an inheritance imperishable, undefiled, and unfading. It is reserved in heaven for you, who by God’s power are protected through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 1 Peter 1:3-5 (NET1) SECURE
    71. 71.  Assurance: Knowing fully, with certainty, having complete confidence  God desires us to know we have eternal life  I have written these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life. 1 John 5:13 (HCSB)  The Gospel correctly presented contains full assurance  For our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power, in the Holy Spirit, and with much [full] assurance…1 Thessalonians 1:5 (HCSB)  We are told to have a heart with full assurance of faith  let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, our hearts sprinkled ⌊clean⌋ from an evil conscience and our bodies washed in pure water. Hebrews 10:22 (HCSB) SECURE
    72. 72.  κλητός klētos adjective Called out, invited, chosen, appointed  including yourselves who also belong to Jesus Christ by calling: To all who are in Rome, loved by God, called as saints. Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Romans 1:6-7 (HCSB)  We know that all things work together for the good of those who love God: those who are called according to His purpose. Romans 8:28 (HCSB)  1 Jude, a slave of Jesus Christ and a brother of James: To those who are the called, loved by God the Father and kept by Jesus Christ. Jude 1:1 (HCSB)  κλῆσις klēsis noun Call, calling, invitation, vocation  He has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began. 2 Timothy 1:9 (HCSB) CALLED
    73. 73.  καλέω kaleō verb Call, name, summon, invite (146 times in NT)  And those He predestined, He also called; and those He called, He also justified; and those He justified, He also glorified. Romans 8:30 (HCSB)  And ⌊what if⌋ He did this to make known the riches of His glory on objects of mercy that He prepared beforehand for glory—on us, the ones He also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles? Romans 9:23-24 (HCSB)  For you were called to be free, brothers; only don’t use this freedom as an opportunity for the flesh, but serve one another through love. Galatians 5:13 (HCSB)  we encouraged, comforted, and implored each one of you to walk worthy of God, who calls you into His own kingdom and glory. 1 Thessalonians 2:12 (HCSB)  But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for His possession, so that you may proclaim the praises of the One who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light. 1 Peter 2:9 (HCSB) CALLED
    74. 74.  ἐκλέγομαι eklegomai verb Choose, select, elect  For he chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world that we may be holy and unblemished in his sight in love. Ephesians 1:4 (NET1)  ἐκλογή eklogē noun Selection, choice, chosen  knowing your election, brothers loved by God. 1 Thessalonians 1:4 (HCSB)  Therefore, brothers, make every effort to confirm your calling and election, because if you do these things you will never stumble. 2 Peter 1:10 (HCSB)  ἐκλεκτός eklektos adjective Chosen, select, elect.  He did not even spare His own Son but offered Him up for us all; how will He not also with Him grant us everything? Who can bring an accusation against God’s elect? God is the One who justifies. Romans 8:32-33 (HCSB) CHOSEN/ELECT
    75. 75.  ἐκλεκτός eklektos adj Chosen, select, elect (cont’d)  Therefore, as the elect (chosen) of God, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with a heart of mercy, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience, Colossians 3:12 (NET1)  Paul, a slave of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to build up the faith of God’s elect and their knowledge of the truth that leads to godliness, Titus 1:1 (HCSB)  But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for His possession, so that you may proclaim the praises of the One who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light. 1 Peter 2:9 (HCSB)  αἱρέω ahireō verb Choose, prefer, take  But we ought to thank God always for you, brothers and sisters loved by the Lord, because God chose you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. 2 Thessalonians 2:13 (NET1) CHOSEN/ELECT
    76. 76.  προγινώσκω proginōskō verb Know beforehand  We know that all things work together for the good of those who love God: those who are called according to His purpose. For those He foreknew He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers. Romans 8:28-29 (HCSB)  He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was manifested in these last times for your sake. 1 Peter 1:20 (NET1)  πρόγνωσις prognōsis noun Foreknowledge  Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ: To the … chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father and set apart by the Spirit for obedience and ⌊for⌋ sprinkling with the blood of Jesus Christ. May grace and peace be multiplied to you. 1 Peter 1:1-2 (HCSB)  Though He was delivered up according to God’s determined plan and foreknowledge, you used lawless people to nail Him to a cross and kill Him. God raised Him up, ending the pains of death, because it was not possible for Him to be held by it. Acts 2:23-24 (HCSB) FOREKNOWN
    77. 77.  προορίζω proorizō verb Set boundaries beforehand, appoint or determine beforehand  And we know that all things work together for good for those who love God, who are called according to his purpose, because those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, that his Son would be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he also justified; and those he justified, he also glorified. Romans 8:28-30 (NET1)  For he chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world that we may be holy and unblemished in his sight in love. He did this by predestining us to adoption as his sons through Jesus Christ, according to the pleasure of his will — to the praise of the glory of his grace that he has freely bestowed on us in his dearly loved Son. Ephesians 1:4-6 (NET1)  We have also received an inheritance in Him, predestined according to the purpose of the One who works out everything in agreement with the decision of His will, Ephesians 1:11 (HCSB)  On the contrary, we speak God’s hidden wisdom in a mystery, a wisdom God predestined before the ages for our glory. 1 Corinthians 2:7 (HCSB) PREDESTINED
    78. 78.  τάσσω tassō verb Place, fix, determine, appoint, direct  When the Gentiles heard this, they rejoiced and glorified the message of the Lord, and all who had been appointed to eternal life believed. Acts 13:48 (HCSB) (Appointment preceded believing)  τίθημι tithēmi verb To put, set, place, lay down  You did not choose Me, but I chose you. I appointed you that you should go out and produce fruit and that your fruit should remain, so that whatever you ask the Father in My name, He will give you. John 15:16 (HCSB)  For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, 1 Thessalonians 5:9 (KJV)  χαρίζομαι charizomai verb Give generously, grant, bestow; remit, forgive, release, pardon  For it has been granted to you not only to believe in Christ but also to suffer for him, Philippians 1:29 (NET1) APPOINTED
    79. 79.  And those he predestined, he also called; and those he called, he also justified; and those he justified, he also glorified. Romans 8:30 (NET1)  I have given them the glory You have given Me. May they be one as We are one. John 17:22 (HCSB)  And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory, Romans 9:23 (NASB)  but we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory; 1 Corinthians 2:7 (NASB)  who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has even to subject all things to Himself. Philippians 3:21 (NASB )  He called you to this through our gospel, so that you might obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Thessalonians 2:14 (HCSB) GLORIFIED
    80. 80.  1 Cor 1:30 But ⌊it is⌋ from Him that you are in Christ Jesus, who became God-given wisdom for us—⌊our⌋ righteousness, sanctification, and redemption  1 John 4:13 By this we know that we abide in Him and He in us, because He has given us of His Spirit.  Colossians 3:3 For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God.  Jesus used the same language of Him and the Father  John 14:11 "Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me; otherwise believe because of the works themselves.  John 17:20-21 "I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word; that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me. IN CHRIST
    81. 81.  God wanted to make known among the Gentiles the glorious wealth of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory. Colossians 1:27 (HCSB)  I have been crucified with Christ, and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me. So the life I now live in the body, I live because of the faithfulness of the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me. Galatians 2:20 (NET1)  When Christ (who is your life) appears, then you too will be revealed in glory with him. Colossians 3:4 (NET1)  For we who live are always given over to death because of Jesus, so that Jesus’ life may also be revealed in our mortal flesh. 2 Corinthians 4:11 (HCSB)  But anyone joined to the Lord is one spirit with Him. 1 Corinthians 6:17 (HCSB)  Test yourselves since you are in the faith. Examine yourselves. Or do you yourselves not recognize that Jesus Christ is in you—since you don’t fail the test. 2 Corinthians 13:5  He is eternal life (1 John 5:20) and eternal life resides in us (1 John 3:15) CHRIST IN US
    82. 82.  Grace: What God has graciously accomplished for us in Christ  For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under law but under grace. Romans 6:14 (NASB)  But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works, otherwise grace is no longer grace. Romans 11:6 (NASB)  But they are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus. Romans 3:24 (NET1)  For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ. Romans 5:17 (NASB)  For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sake He became poor, so that you through His poverty might become rich. 2 Corinthians 8:9 (NASB)  You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. Galatians 5:4 (NASB)  Falling from grace means falling back down to the Law UNDER GRACE
    83. 83.  My little children, I am writing you these things so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father—Jesus Christ the Righteous One. 1 John 2:1 (HCSB)  For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ, and you have been filled by Him, who is the head over every ruler and authority. Colossians 2:9-10 (HCSB)  but our citizenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ. Philippians 3:20 (HCSB)  for you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. Colossians 3:3 (NET1)  He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree, so that, having died to sins, we might live for righteousness; you have been healed by His wounds. 1 Peter 2:24 (HCSB)  For the hearts of these people have grown callous, their ears are hard of hearing, and they have shut their eyes; otherwise they might see with their eyes and hear with their ears, understand with their heart, and be converted, and I would heal them. Acts 28:27 (HCSB) THERE’S MORE
    84. 84.  “…I will grant to eat of the tree of life which is in the Paradise of God.” Revelation 2:7 (NASB)  “…He who overcomes will not be hurt by the second death.' Revelation 2:11 (NASB)  “…I will give some of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and a new name written on the stone which no one knows but he who receives it.” Revelation 2:17 (NASB)  “…I will give him authority over the nations— … and I will give him the morning star. Revelation 2:26-28 (NASB)  “…will thus be clothed in white garments; and I will NEVER erase his name from the book of life, and I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels. Revelation 3:5 (NASB)  “…I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write on him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God, and My new name. Revelation 3:12 (NASB)  “… I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, … Revelation 3:21 (NASB) TO THE OVERCOMER/VICTOR
    85. 85.  In Christ we are a new creation  2 Cor 5:17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, ⌊he is⌋ a new creation; old things have passed away, and look, new things have come.  Created in Christ, in union with Him  Eph 2:8-9 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus upon good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.  Created by God in righteousness, holiness and truth  Eph 4:24 and to put on the new man, which, according to God, was created in righteousness and holiness of the truth.  Created in God’s image  Col 3:9-10 Lie not one to another, having put off the old man with his practices, and having put on the new, which is renewed in regard to knowledge, after the image of Him who did create him; THE NEW MAN
    86. 86.  Christ is in us  Col 1:27 to whom God did will to make known what is the riches of the glory of this secret among the nations--which is Christ in you, the hope of the glory,  Christ is our life  Col 3:3-4 for ye did die, and your life hath been hid with the Christ in God; when the Christ--our life--may be manifested, then also we with him shall be manifested in glory.  Rom 5:10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.  Christ lives in us  Gal 2:20 "I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for me. THE NEW MAN
    87. 87.  We were sealed with the Holy Spirit  Eph 1:13 When you heard the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and when you believed in Him, you were also sealed with the promised Holy Spirit.  The Holy Spirit is in our heart  2 Cor 1:22 who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.  Gal 4:6 Because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!"  God’s love has been poured into our heart  Rom 5:5 and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. THE NEW MAN
    88. 88.  We are God’s sons and daughters (John 1:12)  We are redeemed (ransomed), eternally, irrevocably  We are forgiven, fully, once and for all, permanently  We have been made the righteousness of Christ, eternally, which can not be diminished or added to  We have been declared righteous, eternally, irrevocably  We are eternally in union with Christ, in Him, permanently  We have been regenerated, never to die again  We are alive in Christ, He is our life, He lives in us permanently  We have been reconciled to God, permanently, irrevocably  We possess eternal life, which is forever and irrevocable  We have been sanctified and are being sanctified  We are protected by God’s infinite power and promises  We are complete in Him, holy, without blemish, and blameless before Him WHO WE ARE IN CHRIST
    89. 89.  We possess new life—eternal life, life forever with God  We possess the Holy Spirit, sealed permanently with Him  Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may know the things freely given to us by God, 1 Corinthians 2:12 (NASB)  We possess the Lord Jesus Christ, I am His and He is mine  We possess the gifts of the Holy Spirit, as He has given to each  We possess all of God’s promises (7,000 of them!)  We possess all things  Rom 8:32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him over for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things?  We possess an inheritance from God, co-heirs with Christ (Rom 8:17)  God has given us everything pertaining to life and godliness (2 Pet 1:3)  He has equipped us with every good thing to do His will (Heb 13:20)  God has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in heaven (Eph 1:3)  We possess the mind of Christ (1 Cor 2:16) WHAT WE POSSESS IN CHRIST
    90. 90. IN ADAM | IN CHRIST Sin Righteousness (2 Cor 5:21) Condemnation Justification (Rom 5:19) Death Life (1 Cor 15:22) Flesh Spirit (Rom 8:9) The World The Heavenlies (Eph 2:6) Law Grace (Rom 6:14) Curse Blessing (Gal 3:14) Bondage Liberty (Rom 7:6) Sin Reigns Grace Reigns (Rom 5:21) Under sin Under grace (Rom 6:14) Slaves to sin Slaves to Righteousness (Rom 6:18) Death Reigns We reign in life (Rom 5:17) Darkness Light (1 Thess 5:4-5) Authority of Satan’s kingdom Kingdom of God (Col 1:13-14)
    91. 91.  Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure. 1 John 3:2-3 (NASB)  Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality. 1 Corinthians 15:51-53 (NASB)  Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 1 Thessalonians 4:17 (NASB)  so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. Ephesians 2:7 (NASB )  You will make known to me the path of life; In Your presence is fullness of joy; In Your right hand there are pleasures forever. Psalm 16:11 (NASB) OUR CERTAIN FUTURE
    92. 92.  We are to live as who we truly are in Christ  Eph 2:10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus [upon] good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them.  Eph 4:1 Therefore I, the prisoner of the Lord, implore you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been called,  Phil 3:16 Nevertheless, let us live up to the standard that we have already attained. (NET1)  There are approximately 600 verses in the epistles containing commands. These commands are not a new “law” to follow, but a reflection of what our New Man already desires to do  Phil 2:13 For it is God who is working in you, ⌊enabling you⌋ both to desire and to work out His good purpose. (HCSB)  The presence of sin results in suffering for all believers  1 Pet 5:9 But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world. (NASB) THE CHRISTIAN LIFE
    93. 93.  Moment by moment, all believers face a conflict of two sets of desires within (Gal 5:17)  The “sin which dwells in me” (Rom 7:17) has no power or authority but  It (they) tempts us to sin, appealing to our fleshly desires  It (they) attempts to deceive us, to doubt God, to doubt His truth, to doubt His promises, to doubt His provisions, to doubt His goodness, …  Everything that is not of faith is sin (Rom 14:23)  We obtain discernment through God renewing our mind (Rom 12:2) and through study of God’s Word (2 Tim 2:15)  Apart from Christ we can do nothing (John 15:5)  Through Christ we can do all things (Phil 4:13)  When I am weak, He is strong (2 Cor 12:10)  But He said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness.” Therefore, I will most gladly boast all the more about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may reside in me. (2 Cor 12:9)  But godliness with contentment is a great gain (1 Tim 6:6) THE CHRISTIAN LIFE
    94. 94. LIVE LIKE WHO YOU ARE AND WILL BE, NOT WHO YOU WERE (EPHESIANS 4:17-32) Who We Were - The Old Man Spirit Spiritually Dead Soul Body Emotions Physical (tent) Flesh (evil desires) Will Who We Will Be - The TRUE You! Spirit Reborn spirit (Godly desires) Soul Body Emotions Physical (Mansion) Will Who We Are - The New Man Spirit Reborn spirit (Godly desires) Soul Body Emotions Physical (tent) Flesh (evil desires) Will Our Glorified Body • Our Old Man was crucified with Christ (Romans 6:6) • I am no longer the one doing it but sin that dwells in me (Romans 7:20) • We have two opposing desires in us (Galatians 5:17) • Live by the spirit and we won’t fulfill the desires of the flesh (Gal 5:16) Mind Kingdom of Darkness Power Authority Sin Mind Kingdom of Darkness Power Authority Holy Spirit Sin Mind Holy Spirit
    95. 95. THE BATTLEGROUND My Internal “Decision Maker” My Flesh (Self- righteousness) Evil Desires Satan’s Kingdom Deceiving Thoughts My spirit (Christ’s righteousness) Holy Spirit Godly Desires Godly thoughts The World God’s Word Light, Truth Pride of Life Law Grace
    96. 96. FLESH| SPIRIT Law (Gal 5:4) Grace (Rom 6:14-15) Sin (1 Cor 15:56) Peace (Rom 8:6) Death (Rom 8:6) Life (Eph1:7) and Peace (Rom 8:6) Old Covenant New Covenant (Luke 22:20) Moses Jesus (John 1:17) Self-righteousness Christ’s Righteousness (John 3:36) Cursed Blessed (Eph 1:3) In Bondage Set Free (Rom 7:6) Old Covenant New Covenant (1 John 3:1) Sick Healed (1 Peter 2:24) Slaves to sin Slaves to Righteousness (Rom 6:18) Death reigns We reign in life (Rom 5:17) Live in Darkness Live in the Light (1 Thess 5:4-5) Under Satan’s authority In His Son’s Kingdom (Col 1:13)
    97. 97. DISCERNMENT I am thinking a thought Where is it from? Dismiss the thought Process the thought thought, feeling or desire flesh spirit START
    98. 98. UNGODLY THOUGHTS Circumstances Worry Hate Apathy Broken Promises Prayerlessness Doubts Loneliness Fear of Death Is God mad at me? Regrets Bitterness Depression Emptiness Is this all there is to life? Fears Revenge Accusations Guilt Does anyone care? Idolatry Counterfeits Maybe I’m not saved Pointlessness Up and down walk Time running out Is God Trustworthy?
    99. 99. GODLY THOUGHTS I need to pray I need to read the Bible What does God’s Word say about ______? I forgive him/her because God forgave me God is good… I matter to God God is faithful God is in control I am not who I used to be God will provide My hope is in the Lord God loves me—He has proved it God loves me—He has proved it I need God’s people and they need me
    100. 100.  We are making continual decisions all day long  To satisfy a desire from one is to deny an opposing desire from the other CONFLICTING DESIRES My “Decision Maker” My Flesh My Spirit Evil Desire Godly Desire Deny or Satisfy Satisfy or Deny
    101. 101. And their impact on the Gospel CONTROVERSIES
    102. 102.  There have been and still are many controversies surrounding the Gospel of Jesus Christ  We all need to be aware of these controversies as we will all run into them  How we address each controversy impacts the Gospel we believe in and the Gospel we proclaim  We all have a responsibility to consider and study these things  These controversies are not simple nor easily dismissed  Comparing Scripture with Scripture and resolving any perceived contradictions is our greatest challenge and responsibility  Caution: No man knows as he ought to know  1 Cor 8:2 If anyone supposes that he knows anything, he has not yet known as he ought to know;  Caution: We see through a “glass darkly”  1 Cor 13:12 For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face; now I know in part, but then I will know fully just as I also have been fully known. GOSPEL CONTROVERSIES
    103. 103.  Now I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause dissensions and obstacles contrary to the doctrine you have learned. Avoid them, Romans 16:17  Now this matter arose because of the false brothers with false pretenses who slipped in unnoticed to spy on our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, to make us slaves. Galatians 2:4 (NET1)  See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ. Colossians 2:8 (NASB)  For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. Jude 1:4 (NASB)  holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict. For there are many rebellious men, empty talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision, Titus 1:9 -10 (NASB)  Then we will no longer be little children, tossed by the waves and blown around by every wind of teaching, by human cunning with cleverness in the [systemizing] of deceit. Ephesians 4:14 (HCSB) BE ALERT, BE ON GUARD
    104. 104.  The epistle to the Christians in Galatia was Paul’s first epistle  He wrote it to address the first major problem that manifested in the churches he established  The Christians in Galatia started out correctly, understanding they were redeemed by the blood of Christ alone, by grace alone, through faith alone (and not by works of the Law)  But some came and told them, while they started out in grace they must continue to live under the Law of Moses  I.e., the Galatians started out righteous but needed to place themselves back under Law in order to maintain or enhance their righteousness  Or forgiveness, or eternal life, or redemption, or “salvation”, …  Galatianism (legalism) is still rampant in the (worldwide) church today, possibly the single largest problem GALATIANISM
    105. 105.  We are not under Law but under Grace  Rom 6:14 For sin will not rule over you, because you are not under law but under grace.  We are not to follow rules and regulations in order to establish, enhance or keep from diminishing our righteousness. By grace, God has made us righteous, as He is righteous, and has declared us to be so  We have been set free from the Law of Sin and Death  Rom 8:1-2 Therefore, no condemnation now exists for those in Christ Jesus, because the Spirit’s law of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death.  We died to the Law  Rom 7:6 But now we have been released from the law, since we have died to what held us, so that we may serve in the new way of the Spirit and not in the old letter of the law.  Gal 3:19 (NASB) Why the Law then? It was added because of transgressions, having been ordained through angels by the agency of a mediator, until the seed would come to whom the promise had been made. GALATIANISM (CONT’D)
    106. 106.  The power of sin is in the Law  1 Cor 15:56 Now the sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law.  If you want a believer to sin more, then put them or keep them under law  Law: a system of works to establish our own righteousness  If you want someone to sin less, keep them under grace  Grace: a system of faith, believing we are God’s righteousness because of Christ’s faithfulness  In summary, the false gospel proclaimed in Galatia was something like, Christ died for your sins but now you must keep the Law of Moses to stay righteous  The true Gospel states that Christ’s death in our place set us free from slavery to sin and to the Law and we are now eternally righteous  2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministry of condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness overflows with even more glory. GALATIANISM (CONT’D)
    107. 107.  This controversy has been raging since at least the 4th century  How we deal with this controversy will determine:  The Gospel that we believe and live under, moment by moment  The Gospel that we proclaim to non-believers (and believers)  Christians love to discuss “predestination” perhaps more than any other topic  The focus of this presentation is on how our resolution of this controversy impacts the Gospel  Recall Paul’s warning/command  Gal 1:8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed!  Gal 1:9 As we have said before, I now say again: If anyone preaches to you a gospel contrary to what you received, a curse be on him! PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM
    108. 108.  Pelagianism: A theology from Pelagius, a British monk (A.D. 360 – 420) that emphasizes human ability and free will rather than human depravity and sinfulness  Augustine of Hippo (354-430), an early church Bishop, disputed with Pelagius, arguing for the depravity of man and necessity of divine predestination  Semi-Pelagianism: a theology developed in the 5th and 6th century that attempted to mediate between the positions of Pelagius and Augustine  Arminianism: a theology developed by followers of James Arminius, a Dutch Reformer (1560-1609), a theology similar to Semi-Pelagianism  Calvinism: a theology developed by followers of John Calvin, a French Reformer (1509-1564) that opposed Pelagianism  Synod of Dort: a national Synod in Holland, called to meet in 1618 to address the Five Remonstrances submitted by the followers of Arminius to change the Belgiac Confession of Faith and the Heidelberg Catechism. 154 sessions were held over 7 months with up to 1,500 participant from Holland, Germany, Switzerland, England, resulting in the publishing of five chapters that documented the Synod’s unanimous rejection of the Five Remonstrances PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM
    109. 109.  Martin Luther (1483-1546), the great German Reformer disputed with Desiderius Erasmus, arguing against the free will of man, writing “The Bondage of the Will”  Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), perhaps the greatest American philosopher-theologian, authored “The Freedom of the Will”, arguing for the total depravity of man  George Whitefield (1714-1770), a great Methodist evangelist, held to a “Calvinist” theology  John Wesley (1703-1791), founder of Methodism, held to a theology that was Arminian in orientation  Charles Finney (1792-1875) held to an Arminian theology and perfectionist view of sanctification  The church in early America was staunchly “Calvinistic”  The pendulum has swung the other way such that the modern evangelical church is predominantly “Arminian”  Technically, holding to the first four Remonstrances but rejecting the fifth, i.e., rejecting that eternal assurance is in question PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM (CONT’D)
    110. 110. Synergism Monergism Pelagius Augustine Eramus Martin Luther, Huldrich Zwingli Roman Catholic Church Jacob Armenius John Calvin John & Charles Wesley Jonathan Edwards Charles Finney George Whitefield Charles Spurgeon Dr. Lewis Sperry Chafer Charles Hodge Most Preachers/Bible Teachers today John MacArthur, John Piper PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM (CONT’D)
    111. 111.  The maxim of Semi-Pelagianism is, “it is mine to be willing to believe, and it is the part of God’s grace to assist”  A synergistic Gospel—God and man together  The position of Calvinism is that an unregenerate person is absolutely incapable of choosing to believe, receive, accept or repent, requiring first the gracious regeneration, which will always be followed by repentance and belief  A monergistic Gospel—God and God alone  How do these positions impact the message of the Gospel that we are to proclaim? PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM (CONT’D)
    112. 112. PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM (CONT’D) The Synergistic Gospel (man-centered) The Monergistic Gospel (God centered) If you decide to Believe Accept Receive Repent Pray Ask then, and only then, God will Forgive Redeem Justify Reconcile Give eternal life to Regenerate Save you. God has Redeemed Justified Reconciled Given eternal life to Regenerated Forgiven us. Repent* and believe this Good News! * Radically change your thinking about God and what He has done for you through Christ
    113. 113.  The central “issue” with the Calvinist position seems to be:  How can God choose some to go to heaven and the rest to go to hell and still be just and fair?  Rom 9:14 What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be!  Rom 9:19-24 You will say to me then, "Why does He still find fault? For who resists His will?" On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to the molder, "Why did you make me like this," will it? Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use? What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction? And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory, even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles.  Fact: God is perfectly fair, just and righteous  Fact: God is completely sovereign over all His creation and everything in it  His ways are not our ways and His thoughts are not our thoughts (Isa 55:8-9) PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM (CONT’D)
    114. 114.  Problems with the Arminian position  Scripture strongly declares the total depravity of man and God’s foreknowledge and predestination of men  (My personal study finds that for every NT passage that seems to support the Arminian position there are approx. 14 passages that support a Calvinist position)  (Out of 121 or so NT passages addressing the subject, it is easier for me to resolve the apparent conflict of 8 passages seeming to support Arminianism versus trying to make the 113 Calvinist passages support an Arminian theology)  The Arminian position exalts the sovereignty of man with respect to determining eternal destiny  It exalts the power of man’s will, insisting it is free to choose to repent, believe, accept and receive the Gospel  Eternal Life = What Christ Did + My Decision  Mathematically then: Eternal Life – What Christ Did = My Decision  Eternal life is ultimately entirely up to my decision  The Arminian position invariably leads to difficulty with eternal assurance  How does one know if they truly repented, sufficiently believed exactly what is necessary to believe to qualify for heaven, and can maintain qualification for heaven despite persistent sin in his/her life? PELAGIANISM, SEMI-PELAGIANISM, ARMINIANISM (CONT’D)

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