The Gulf War


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The Gulf War

  1. 1. The Gulf War By: Alyssa Martin Mrs. Crowder 4 th
  2. 2. Timeline August 2,1990 Iraq invades Kuwait. Saddam Hussein proclaims Kuwait as a province of Iraq. August 7, 1990 Operation Desert Shield begins. The first US forces arrive in Saudi Arabia. November 29, 1990 UN authorizes any force necessary to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Iraqis are given to 15 January to leave Kuwait. January 21, 1991 Congress grants President George H.W. Bush the authority to use military force. January 15, 1991 Deadline passes for Iraqi to withdrawal. January 16, 1991. Air campaign begins against military leadership targets in Kuwait and Iraq (concentrating on Baghdad). February 24, 1991. Desert Storm begins as coalition ground forces drive on Iraqi forces in Kuwait. February 28, 1991. After 100 hours, Iraq agrees to a ceasefire. Iraqi forces have retreated from Kuwait. <ul><li>3 March 1991—Iraq accepts conditions for a permanent cease fire. </li></ul>
  3. 4. causes <ul><li>Kuwait was selling a lot of oil and it was making the prices of oil go down so Iraq wasn’t making as many profits as previously. </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq always thought that Kuwait was a part of it, which led to hostilities. </li></ul><ul><li>There were several oil mills along the border and Iraq claimed that Kuwait was illegally tapping Iraq’s mines. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Story <ul><li>The gulf war was a conflict with the new world order and Iraq over Kuwait. It included a total of thirty-two coalitions. On august 2, 1990, Saddam Hussein shocked everyone by ordering his troops to invade Kuwait. President Bush started to sent over military to assist Kuwait so they can win back their freedom. He urged other countries to do the same. Twelve countries joined together and they created the operation dessert storm, and lead by Norman Schwarzkopf, they made their way through Iraqi forces and into Kuwait within one hundred hours. </li></ul>
  6. 8. George Bush <ul><li>George Bush was the popular president of the United States during the Gulf War. He was instrumental in putting together the coalition that would eventually defeat the Iraqi forces, expelling them from Kuwait. President Bush would not allow any nation to dominate the Persian Gulf and control most of the World's oil supply. He reacted by creating Operation Desert Storm, the largest land operation since World War II. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Saddam Hussein <ul><li>Saddam Hussein ruthlessly took power in Iraq in 1979. He led the Nation through the Iran/Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War. Saddam Hussein was the president of Iraq who ordered the takeover of Kuwait. Hussein believed it to be his destiny to fight in the Gulf War. His invasion of Kuwait sparked operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Hussein believed it to be his destiny to fight in the Gulf War. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Norman Schwarzkopf <ul><li>General Schwarzkopf was the de facto allied commander during the Gulf War. He is credited with orchestrating the plan that would efficiently destroy Iraqi war-making capacity in the Persian Gulf region and would expell Saddam Hussein's Republican Guard from Kuwait. He ran the operation dessert storm. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Primary Source <ul><li>Excerpt from a transcript of his July 25, 1990, meeting with U.S. Ambassador April Glaspie. </li></ul><ul><li>“ On July 25, 1990, a week before Iraq launched its military invasion of Kuwait, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein held a meeting with April Glaspie, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq. This meeting marked the last official high-level contact between the Iraqi and American governments before the invasion. During his meeting with Glaspie, Hussein outlined a long list of complaints against Kuwait. He discussed the ongoing border disputes between the two countries, for example, and also accused Kuwait of pursuing policies that were intended to harm Iraq's economy. Glaspie listened to Hussein's concerns and expressed sympathy for Iraq's financial problems. She also emphasized the U.S. government's wish to maintain friendly relations with Iraq.” </li></ul>
  10. 13. The end and the Consequences <ul><li>Iraq was defeated and Kuwait became it’s own country. </li></ul><ul><li>There were no-fly zones made </li></ul><ul><li>There was a loot of structure damage, such as the sewage plant destruction. This made the sewage overflow into the Tigris River, which is where civilians get drinking water, and caused a lot of sickness. </li></ul><ul><li>They suffered enormous property damages. </li></ul><ul><li>The UN made it where Iraq couldn’t make weapons of destruction. </li></ul><ul><li>The casualties are between 35,000 and 60,000. </li></ul>
  11. 15. Bib page <ul><li>Rayment, W J. &quot;The Gulf War.&quot; In Depth Info . 1 May 2008 <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Persian Gulf War.&quot; 1 May 2008 < rm/gulfwar.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Persian Gulf War,&quot; Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2007 © 1997-2007 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved. </li></ul><ul><li>Persian Gulf War.&quot; Info Please . Msn. 6 May 2008 < ml>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Frontline: the Gulf War.&quot; Pbs . 9 May 2008 <>. </li></ul>