1989 Chinese Protest In Tiananmen Square


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1989 Chinese Protest In Tiananmen Square

  1. 1. 1989 Chinese protest in Tiananmen Square By : Garrett Baeder
  2. 2. Time line <ul><li>Since 1978, Deng Xiaoping had led a series of economic and political reforms which had led to the gradual realization of a market economy (supply and demand) and some political liberalization that relaxed the system set up by Mao Zedong. By early 1989, these economic and political reforms had led two groups of people to become dissatisfied with the government. Students and urban industrial workers were the two groups. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Timeline <ul><li>April 17,1989-Thousands of college students come to mourn the death of Hu Yoabang, former General Secretary of the Communist Party. Hu had been a symbol to them of anti-corruption and political reform. In his name, the students call for press freedom and other reforms. </li></ul><ul><li>April 27- “In Beijing one in 10 of the population was joining in…all of the old people, all the little children, so it was massive.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Time line <ul><li>“ On May 4, approximately 100,000 students and workers marched in Beijing making demands for free media reform and a formal dialogue between the authorities and student-elected representatives. The government rejected the proposed dialogue, only agreeing to talk to members of appointed student organizations.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Time line <ul><li>On May 13, two days prior to the highly-publicized state visit by the reform-minded Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, huge groups of students occupied Tiananmen Square and started a hunger strike, insisting the government withdraw the accusation made in the People's Daily editorial and begin talks with the designated student representatives. Hundreds of students went on hunger strikes and were supported by hundreds of thousands of protesting students and part of the population of Beijing, for one week.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Where is Tiananmen square <ul><li>In china </li></ul>
  7. 7. Map of the forbidden city
  8. 8. Who’s left <ul><li>It seemed that the only people that weren’t protesting were the top leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>They tried to stop these reforms from happening by using the military. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>&quot; Join us, join us,'' they chanted. Said one student interviewed by Dan Rather: &quot;We protest our government and our party.&quot; Rather: &quot;And specifically, what is it about your gov and your party that you want to change? Student: &quot;Corruption and conspiracy, I think.&quot; Rather: &quot;Corruption?&quot; Student: &quot;Yeah. And we, ah, ah, call for freedom and democracy.&quot; Rather reported how that afternoon, the students began singing &quot;The Internationale.&quot; The crowd pushed right up to the very seat of communist power. They were fearless. &quot;We are students who do not have any arms or any weapons in our hands, and we don't think the government will do anything against us,&quot; a protester told Rather. &quot;They cannot, by no means ... drive us out of the square.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>&quot;deaths from the military assault on Tiananmen Square range from 180 to 500; thousands more have been injured.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Tank Man </li></ul><ul><li>The Unknown Rebel - This famous photo, taken on 5 June 1989 by photographer Jeff Widener, shows a lone protester who tried to stop the PLA’s advancing tanks until he was pulled into the crowd by several onlookers. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What happened after the protest <ul><li>Chinese police are better equipped to handle protesters. </li></ul><ul><li>They now have gas masks and rubber bullets </li></ul>
  13. 13. Was it in vain <ul><li>It all started with a few college students wanting a few more rights </li></ul><ul><li>There efforts were shown everywhere in the world </li></ul><ul><li>In the end they got some of what they wanted but China is still a republic and not a democracy </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>11/18/07 http://www.sinomania.com/CHINANEWS/tiananmen_perspective.html </li></ul><ul><li>11/20/07 http://infao5501.ag5.mpi-sb.mpg.de:8080/topx/archive?link=Wikipedia-Lip6-2/44534.xml&style </li></ul>http:// <ul><li>12/2/07www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB16/documents/index.html </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>12/2/07 primary source reporter Dan Rather www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/03/04/eveningnews/main678266.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>12/2/07www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/tankman/view </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE END