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How to teach writing


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How to teach writing

  1. 1. Presented by: PETER ALLAN WRITING FORGE
  2. 2. HOW TO TEACH WRITING <ul><li>The teachers of the speakers of English as a second language (ESL students) have a challenging but rewarding job. ESL students in a classroom may perform at different levels and come from countries with vastly different cultures. The teacher must not only find out how much the students know about writing in English but also learn about the differences in cultures within the classroom. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Give the students opportunities to do functional tasks such as making lists of things they need to bring for a party, writing friendly letters, reading and copying poems that you write on the chalkboard and writing notes to their families about school events. </li></ul>Introduction to teach writing
  4. 4. <ul><li>Suggest topics that the students might like to write about: their friends, their family, how they feel, their favorite food or their favorite book. Give students the opportunity to read their entries to their classmates. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Have the students brainstorm a topic such as &quot;family.&quot; Draw a word web on the chalkboard. Write the word &quot;family&quot; in the middle circle. Then ask for words that tell about families in the circles that you draw around the main circle. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Have students make a mural that tells or retells a story--for example, summarizing the events in a story they have read or how their family makes preparations for a holiday. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ask the students to make up a story together. The story can be something that really happened, such as a game they played outside or a trip that someone took, or it could be a made-up story, such as &quot;One day Juan saw a flying car.&quot; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Teaching writing <ul><li>A well-written piece can be described as incorporating elements of writing in such a way that a reader can experience the writer's intended meaning, understand the writer's premise, and accept or reject the writer's point of view.  </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effective Writing: <ul><li>is focused on the topic and does not contain extraneous or loosely related information; </li></ul><ul><li>has an organizational pattern that enables the reader to follow the flow of ideas because it contains a beginning, middle, and end and uses transitional devices; </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>contains supporting ideas that are developed through the use of details, examples, vivid language, and mature word choice; and </li></ul><ul><li>follows the conventions of standard written English (i.e., punctuation, capitalization, and spelling) and has variation in sentence structure. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 30 Ideas for teaching writing <ul><li>Use the shared events of students' lives to inspire writing </li></ul><ul><li>Establish an email dialogue between students from different schools who are reading the same book. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Use writing to improve relations among students. </li></ul><ul><li>Help student writers draw rich chunks of writing from endless sprawl. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with words relevant to students' lives to help them build vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students analyze text by asking them to imagine dialogue between authors. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Spotlight language and use group brainstorming to help students create poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to reflect on and write about their writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ease into writing workshops by presenting yourself as a model. </li></ul><ul><li>Get students to focus on their writing by holding off on grading. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>11. Use casual talk about students' lives to generate writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Give students a chance to write to an audience for real purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice and play with revision techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Pair students with adult reading/writing buddies. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>15. Teach &quot;tension&quot; to move students beyond fluency. </li></ul><ul><li>16. Encourage descriptive writing by focusing on the sounds of words. </li></ul><ul><li>Require written response to peers' writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Make writing reflection tangible. </li></ul><ul><li>Make grammar instruction dynamic. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>20. Ask students to experiment with sentence length. </li></ul><ul><li>21. Help students ask questions about their writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge students to find active verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Require students to make a persuasive written argument in support of a final grade. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Ground writing in social issues important to students. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the &quot;framing device&quot; as an aid to cohesion in writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Use real world examples to reinforce writing conventions. </li></ul><ul><li>Think like a football coach. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Allow classroom writing to take a page from yearbook writing </li></ul><ul><li>Use home language on the road to Standard English. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce multi-genre writing in the context of community service. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you Peter Allan