Islam

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Islam

  1. 1. The Religion of Islam Copy the notes in Cornell StyleCopy the notes in Cornell Style as they are shown.as they are shown. You will need to write tenYou will need to write ten questions and a summary forquestions and a summary for homework.homework.
  2. 2. Islam and Muslims The religion is called Islam.The religion is called Islam. The people who practice Islam areThe people who practice Islam are called Muslims. (It is pronouncedcalled Muslims. (It is pronounced Mooslims)Mooslims)
  3. 3. Muhammad: The Prophet of Islam A prophet is a messenger of God.A prophet is a messenger of God. Muhammad was born in 570 AD.Muhammad was born in 570 AD. His parents died when he was 7.His parents died when he was 7. Liked to go off by himself and pray in the desert.Liked to go off by himself and pray in the desert. He heard the voice of the angel Gabriel tellingHe heard the voice of the angel Gabriel telling him to proclaim the one true God.him to proclaim the one true God.
  4. 4. Muhammad Muslims do notMuslims do not believe that thebelieve that the face offace of MuhammadMuhammad should be shown.should be shown. He is oftenHe is often depicted as indepicted as in the picture onthe picture on the right.the right.
  5. 5. Allah Allah is the name ofAllah is the name of God to Muslims.God to Muslims. You will never seeYou will never see an image of Allah.an image of Allah. He is consideredHe is considered too sacred to showtoo sacred to show a picture of.a picture of.
  6. 6. The Qur’an Holy Book of IslamHoly Book of Islam Written in ArabicWritten in Arabic Muslims believe thatMuslims believe that Allah revealed theAllah revealed the Qur’an to Muhammad.Qur’an to Muhammad. Many MuslimsMany Muslims memorize the Qur’anmemorize the Qur’an The Qur’an has theThe Qur’an has the rules Muslims live by.rules Muslims live by.
  7. 7. The Sunnah In Islam, the ArabicIn Islam, the Arabic word “word “sunnah”sunnah” means the waymeans the way Prophet Muhammad,Prophet Muhammad, the Messenger ofthe Messenger of Allah, lived his life.Allah, lived his life. Muslims strive to liveMuslims strive to live their life astheir life as Muhammad did.Muhammad did.
  8. 8. Practices of Islam Muslims pray 5Muslims pray 5 times a daytimes a day
  9. 9. A Mosque A Mosque is theA Mosque is the place of worshipplace of worship for Muslims.for Muslims.
  10. 10. The Five Pillars of Islam 1. Faith: There is only one God, and Muhammad is1. Faith: There is only one God, and Muhammad is the Prophetthe Prophet 2. Prayer: Five times a day2. Prayer: Five times a day 3. Sharing: All Muslims pay a tax to help the poor3. Sharing: All Muslims pay a tax to help the poor 4. Fasting: Not eating or drinking during daylight4. Fasting: Not eating or drinking during daylight during the month of Ramadanduring the month of Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage (Hajj): All Muslims want to make a5. Pilgrimage (Hajj): All Muslims want to make a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca once in theirpilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca once in their lifetimes.lifetimes.
  11. 11. The Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca
  12. 12. Ramadan Ramadan - the most important holidayRamadan - the most important holiday Muslims fast from sun up till sundownMuslims fast from sun up till sundown during the month of Ramadanduring the month of Ramadan Ramadan celebrates MuhammadRamadan celebrates Muhammad receiving the Qur’an from Allahreceiving the Qur’an from Allah
  13. 13. Islamic symbol The Star andThe Star and Crescent MoonCrescent Moon You will find the StarYou will find the Star and Crescent Moonand Crescent Moon on many Islamicon many Islamic nation’s flags.nation’s flags.

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