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Bangkok, 20 January 2015
Workshop on Drivers of Change
Affecting Mekong Forests: Towards
formulation of GMS action plans
D...
 Overview
 Drivers
 Negative
 Positive
 Policies and Measures (PAMs)
 Cross-Cutting Challenges
 Preliminary Recomme...
0
50000
100000
150000
200000
250000
300000
350000
400000
450000
TotalForestArea(sq.km)
Rapid declines observed in forest a...
 *Most GMS forests lost have been converted to agricultural
land, esp. cash crop plantations
Direct Indirect
Agriculture*...
0
25000
50000
75000
100000
125000
150000
175000
200000
225000
250000
1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 201...
Main patterns and drivers of forest loss from 1990 to 2010 (Stibig et al. 2014)
Direct Indirect
Demand for wood products Global demand for sustainable goods
& environmental services
Demand for:
• Biodiv...
1. Sustainable Forest Management
2. Land Use Planning
3. Protected Areas
4. Forest Law Enforcement & Logging Bans
5. Commu...
1. Policy targets not implemented into laws and regulations
2. Inadequate human and financial resources
3. Overlap with ot...
Thank you for listening
John Costenbader
j.costenbader@climatefocus.com
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Mekong Regional Overview, Drivers of Forest Change, 20 Jan 2015

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Presentation to Mekong country government and civil society as part of FAO and USAID-LEAF regional project..

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Mekong Regional Overview, Drivers of Forest Change, 20 Jan 2015

  1. 1. Bangkok, 20 January 2015 Workshop on Drivers of Change Affecting Mekong Forests: Towards formulation of GMS action plans Draft Regional Synthesis John Costenbader, Climate Focus
  2. 2.  Overview  Drivers  Negative  Positive  Policies and Measures (PAMs)  Cross-Cutting Challenges  Preliminary Recommendations
  3. 3. 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 400000 450000 TotalForestArea(sq.km) Rapid declines observed in forest area across most GMS countries Vietnam Cambodia Thailand Lao PDR Myanmar
  4. 4.  *Most GMS forests lost have been converted to agricultural land, esp. cash crop plantations Direct Indirect Agriculture* Population & demographics Infrastructure Economics Mining Transport infrastructure Dams Regional & global demand for arable land Logging Forest Fires *Most GMS forests lost have been converted to agricultural land, esp. cash crop plantations
  5. 5. 0 25000 50000 75000 100000 125000 150000 175000 200000 225000 250000 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 AgriculturalLandArea(sq.km) Year Growth in Agricultural land area in GMS countries (World Bank data): 1961- 2012 Vietnam Cambodia Thailand Lao PDR Myanmar
  6. 6. Main patterns and drivers of forest loss from 1990 to 2010 (Stibig et al. 2014)
  7. 7. Direct Indirect Demand for wood products Global demand for sustainable goods & environmental services Demand for: • Biodiversity conservation • Water-related environmental services • Soil conservation • Land use planning and agricultural intensification • Urbanization and economic growth Community forestry Cultural developments favoring forest protection Sustainable timber supply chains Growing SFM opportunities Abandonment of marginal agricultural areas Outmigration & overseas work Public awareness Environmental disasters
  8. 8. 1. Sustainable Forest Management 2. Land Use Planning 3. Protected Areas 4. Forest Law Enforcement & Logging Bans 5. Community Forestry 6. PES Incentives 7. Allocation of Forest Land to Local Stakeholders 8. Private Sector Incentivization 9. Forest Funds 10. Regional Agreements
  9. 9. 1. Policy targets not implemented into laws and regulations 2. Inadequate human and financial resources 3. Overlap with other sectors 4. Unclear land tenure & exclusion of rural communities in forest titling / management 5. Weak forest law enforcement 6. Inadequately planned logging bans 7. Inconsistent forest law & policy 8. Inadequate or improper incentives
  10. 10. Thank you for listening John Costenbader j.costenbader@climatefocus.com

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