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Jp us relations


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Jp us relations

  1. 1. JP-USRelations
  2. 2. ● Yoshida Doctrine○ minimal military rearmament and focus oneconomic recovery● PM Hatoyama○ wanted to normalize relations with USSR but theUS pressured the Japanese government that theOkinawan occupation will continue if the peacetreaty with USSR was signed● PM Ikeda○ No foreign policy, except to follow Americas lead● PM Sato○ Japan fully supported the US during the NoKorand Vietnam warPolitical
  3. 3. ● PM Tanaka○ JP provided ODA to the Arab World○ the start of breaking away from the US Policy● PM Fukuda○ Diplomatic activities remained premised onrelations with the US○ "Second" Cold war tightend the bilateral relationsof the two states○ JP followed the US in opposing USSRs invasionof Afghanistan○ JP followed the US boycott of the Olympics inMoscow○
  4. 4. ● strong and advantageous● highly integrated via trade in goods andservices● large markets for each others exports andimportant sources of imports● 30% of world domestic product as of 2011●Economic
  5. 5. ● Japan is heavily reliant on the US marketfor the export of finished products such astextiles, television sets, cars,semiconductors, flat screens and DVDplayers.● 1985 Plaza Accord○ drive down the value of the dollar and appreciatethe value of the yen○ signed by Japan, the UK, Germany and the US● Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement orEast Asian Bloc with China and KoreaTrade
  6. 6. ● Trade conflict in automobiles highlights asignificant change in the nature of theeconomic relationship between the twocountries● Two-thirds of Japan’s trade surplus wasfrom auto-related trade● US threatened to impose tariffs, but Japancontinued to resist.● Resorted to the WTO and made anappeal.Trade: Automobiles
  7. 7. ● Japan suspended US beef imports afterthe identification of mad cow disease in2003● Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry andFisheries (MAFF) introduced an inspectionregimen which called for a screening of allcows and the removal of all organs andtissue known to carry the diseaseTrade: Beef
  8. 8. ● NAFTA (North American Free TradeAgreement)○ eliminated both tariff and non-tariff barriersamongst US, Canada and Mexico○ allowed Japanese companies in taking advantageof the NAFTA trading agreements to keepcompetitive.○ A number of Japanese manufacturers respondedby moving their production facilities from EastAsia to Mexico.JP-US Regional Projects
  9. 9. ● Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation(APEC)○ Key multilateral forum for dealing with economicand other issues on a regional basis○ Early APEC years – Japan didn’t play a leadingrole○ US and Japan benefit from liberalization ofeconomies in the region○ Japan resists US pressure to open up agriculturesectorJP-US Regional Projects