Ch4 Sec1 2

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Ch4 Sec1 2

  1. 1. Quiz<br />1) What is an advanced culture with cities and a system of writing called? (Society, Civilization)<br />2) What is the way of life including beliefs, customs, and practices called? (Culture, Society) <br />3) What type of family includes a mother, father, and children called? ( Extended, Nuclear)<br />4) this provides a basis for culture (Language, Religion)<br />5) A grouping of people based on rank or status. (Social class or Hierarchy)<br />
  2. 2. Cultures of the World<br />Chapter 4<br />Sections 1 & 2<br />
  3. 3. Understanding Cultures<br />Culture- people’s way of life including, their beliefs, customs, and practices.<br />Elements of Culture<br />Parents pass culture to their children and so on and so on.<br />Cultural traits are the way a people do things. These can change with time.<br />Language, spiritual beliefs, material things, right and wrong, and government<br />
  4. 4. People and their land<br />To study culture, geographers look at Human-Environmental Interaction.<br />Environment does not always dictate culture.<br />Culture can have a big impact on environment.<br />Cultural Landscape- parts of a people’s environment that they have shaped and the technology they have used to shape it.<br />
  5. 5. Development of Culture<br />4 major advances in technology- <br />Invention of tools millions of years ago<br />Control of fire<br />Development of farming<br />Development of civilization <br />Civilization- advanced cultures with cities and system of writing<br />
  6. 6. Agricultural Revolution- when people began to rely mostly on farming for their food.<br />Irrigation is a major factor in this revolution<br />Full time farming allowed people to grow more than they need and build up surpluses of food. This allowed others to specialize as well outside of farming.<br />Led to the development of trading.<br />Industrial Revolution- 200 years ago people developed power-driven machines to make things<br />
  7. 7. Development of Institutions<br />Institutions- customs and organizations with social, educational, and religious purposes.<br />After Agro. Revolution more complex institutions needed to be developed<br />Extended families, political institutions, <br />
  8. 8. <ul><li>As cities grew other institutions were needed </li></ul>Organized religion<br />Armies for protection<br />Governments <br />Schools<br />Today we have new types of institutions<br />Sports clubs<br />Universities <br />Corporations<br />Institutions are an important part of our culture<br />
  9. 9. Culture and Society<br />How Society is Organized<br />Society- group of people that share a culture<br />Social Structure- pattern of organized relationships among groups of people within a society<br />Family is the most basic and most important social unit<br />
  10. 10. Social Classes<br />Social Classes- groups of people based on rank or status<br />determined by: wealth, land, education, or ancestors<br />Kinds of families<br />Nuclear family- Mother, Father and kids<br />common in developed nations<br />Extended families- families that include several generation<br />less common and mainly found in developing and rural developed nations<br />
  11. 11. Language<br />Language is the basis for culture<br />Each culture even if within the same country is different because of language<br />Religion<br />every culture has some sort of religion<br />Beliefs and practices may vary between religions<br />Helps make sense of the world<br />Provides comfort and hope<br />
  12. 12. Helps to answer purpose and meaning of life<br />Guides people in ethics (standard or accepted behaviors).<br />All have prayer and rituals <br />One or many gods<br />Celebrate special places and times<br />

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