Battle of Shiloh


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Battle Analysis

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Battle of Shiloh

  1. 1. THE BATTLE OF SHILOH Hardin County, Tennessee April 6-7, 1862
  2. 2. THE BEGINNING The battle of Shiloh began around 6:00am on a beautiful, warm Spring morning, on April 6 th . The flowers were in bloom, and the Union soldiers under the command of U.S. Grant were awake and eating breakfast. It was unknown to them at that time that Confederate forces under the command of Albert Sidney Johnston
  3. 3. THE BATTLE The Battle of Shiloh was the bloodiest battle up to this point in the Civil War. As the Union troops were waking up, they were taken by surprise by Johnston’s forces. The purpose of this surprise attack was to hopefully push the Union soldiers toward Snake and Owl Creeks, where they could be destroyed. They then wanted to take control of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, which was a vital supply line between the Mississippi River Valley, Memphis, and Richmond. The Union troops had no plan in place for strategy, and as such, many of them were killed until they were able to organize themselves, and mount a defense. It was then that General Grant arrived from Savannah, TN, to tell them all they could do was wait for reinforcements.
  4. 4. THE HORNETS NEST General Johnston did not live to see if his army would succeed or not, as he was wounded and ultimately killed in that first day of battle, leaving his second in command, P. G. P. Beauregard to lead the attack. The Confederate troops were not able to push the Union Soldiers towards the Snake and Owl Creeks, and instead pushed them together, towards Pittsburg Landing, nicknamed the Hornet’s Nest(“The Battle of Shiloh.” Sword, Wiley). Here the Union Soldiers were able to hold their position until reinforcements arrived, giving them the upper hand in the battle.
  5. 5. THE BATTLE’S END Soon after Union reinforcements arrived, Beauregard, unaware that he was outnumbered by a force now about 40,000 in number (“Shiloh” Koik , Mary G), was about to mount an attack to finish the Union Soldiers. He was surprised when the seemingly small force started attacking. They tried to mount a defense, but continued to get pushed back, until their forces were overcome, and those who were left alive, fled.
  6. 6. SUMMARY The Union Forces were taken by surprise by Confederate forces hoping to gain access to a critical railroad. With no strategy, and no orders from General Grant, the Union forces were seemingly defeated. Reinforcements arrived and helped them to counterattack and defeat the Confederate force. The battle of Shiloh lasted only two days, and amassed more than 23,000 casualties.
  7. 7. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE BATTLE OF SHILOH The victory of the Union in this battle led to the victory in Vicksburg, which was crucial to the Federal strategy of capturing the Mississippi River, which gave them access to everywhere it led. Grant also learned a valuable lesson on preparedness.
  8. 8. WORKS CITED  Sword, Wiley. “The Battle of Shiloh.” History Chanel, n.d. Web. 06 Dec, 2013  Koik , Mary G,. ed. “Shiloh.” History Chanel. Web. 06 Dec. 2013