Kanban Board and Visual Controls Guide

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  • 国内製造会社で雇用し国内に勤務中のフィリピン人エンジニアへ毎週日本語中級をスカイプで教えています。今日彼から、「Which comes first?」を日本語で?と質問がありました。彼は時々出荷前検査や出荷処理業務をおこなっている様子で、出来上がった製品が複数置いてあり、どちらを先におこなうのか、これを同じ部署内の日本人へ聞きたいがための質問だと分かりました。TPSを教えている私はこのような改善が大好きで、早速目で見る管理のツールを教えました。簡単に言いますと、彼の前工程の担当者が作業後、所定の場所へ持込む際に、フラッグなど何でも構わないので人目で「これがプライオリティだよ」と判るツールがあればいいのです。たまたま5歳の子供が型紙で作った作り物がありましたので、これをスカイプのカメラに示しながらミニレクチャーをしました。彼も納得して早速現場改善につなげますという返事でした。このようにスカイプで日本語レッスンを行いながら現場改善のコツなども教えています。
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  • An “information refrigerator” requires you to actively pull information. It’s like having to open a refrigerator door, reach in, and retrieve the information. Example: Word document on shared file storage.An “information radiator” pushes information to you. Information radiates from it. You can’t ignore the information unless you actively try to avoid it. Example: Card wall.
  • NOTE: I will be rather harsh for instruction purposes
  • Kanban Board and Visual Controls Guide

    1. 1. Kanban Board and Visual Controls Guide Limited WIP Society j.c.yip@computer.org http://jchyip.blogspot.com @jchyip
    2. 2. WHY VISUAL CONTROLS? 2
    3. 3. Knowledge work is invisible Problems with physical work are obvious Problems with knowledge work are non-obvious 3
    4. 4. Information refrigerator vs radiator Actively makes it difficult for you to Requires you to actively look for ignore information (e.g., Agile information (e.g., Word doc) board) 4http://alistair.cockburn.us/Information+radiator
    5. 5. WHAT’S AN EFFECTIVE INFORMATIONRADIATOR / VISUAL CONTROL? 5
    6. 6. Easily visible 6
    7. 7. Understood at a glance 7
    8. 8. Changes periodically 8
    9. 9. Easy to change 9
    10. 10. What’s an effective information radiator / visual control? • Is large and easily visible to the casual, interested observer • Is understood at a glance – self explaining • Changes periodically, so that it is worth visiting • Is easy to change and keep up to datehttp://alistair.cockburn.us/Information+radiator 10http://www.bulsuk.com/2011/01/three-rules-of-effective-visuals.html#axzz24LDnrXCW
    11. 11. KEY ASPECTS OF A KANBAN BOARD 11
    12. 12. Key aspects of a kanban boardExplicit Policy WIP Limits Workflow Work Items Avatars 12
    13. 13. Key Aspects of a Kanban board• Workflow• Work Items• Avatars• WIP limits• Explicit policy 13
    14. 14. SUPPORTING ASPECTS OF AKANBAN BOARD 14
    15. 15. Colour 15
    16. 16. Position 16
    17. 17. Framing 17
    18. 18. Text 18
    19. 19. Supporting Aspects of a Kanban board• Colour: For example, colour coding for different work types• Position: For example, more important items are higher on the board• Framing: For example, separate lanes for each major feature• Text: Big writing, small caps, avoid cursive 19
    20. 20. EXAMPLES? 20
    21. 21. KANBAN BOARD CHECKLIST 21
    22. 22. Kanban board checklistEasily visible? Understood at a glance? – How should an observer interpret the board? What are the policies? – What is the purpose? – What is the workflow? – What is being worked on? – Who is working on what? – What are the current problems? How easy is it to see problems? – What are the WIP limits (if any)?Changes periodically? Easy to change? – Is the board up to date? – How easy is it to keep the board up to date? 22

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