INDEX Main features Architecture Painting Sculpture Antoni Gaudí Sources
Art Nouveau: Main featuresThe general features which can be recognized of Art Nouveau are: Inspiration from nature and the abundant use of natural elements, but preferably in plants and organic rounded forms intertwined with the central motif. Use of curved lines and the asymmetry in both the plans and elevations of buildings and decoration. Tendency to stylization of the forms, with less frequent strictly realistic representations. Use of female images in delicate and grateful attitudes, with a generous use of waves in the hair and the cloth folds. Attitudes tending to sensuality and sense gratification, reaching eroticism in some cases. Freedom in the use of exotic themes, fantasy or inspiration in different cultures, such as the use of Japanese prints.
Art Nouveau: Architecture Art Nouveau is a bourgeois art, very expensive, which attempts to integrate all the art architecture and the arts. It is an essentially decorative style, but created original architectural solutions. It developed between the 19th and 20th centuries. This movement used the solutions that the revolution of iron and glass offered to the architecture, but used industry for interior decoration and the forges of the gates, etc. .. Their shapes are soft and rounded, although this is not the only characteristic of Art Nouveau, but the profusion of decorative motifs.
Art Nouveau: Architecture Spain (Modernismo) Parque Güell and Casa Milá (Antoni Gaudí) Belgium (Art Nouveau) Library of the University of Ghent (Henry Van de Velde) France (Art Nouveau) Parisian (underground) metro stations (Hector Guimard) Austria (Sezessionstil) Metro Pavilions (Otto Wagner) Germany (Jugendstil) Ship turbines (Peter Behrens)
Art Nouveau: Painting In contrast to both academicism and impressionism, the daily issues of symbolic and conceptual content are not usually used. Women are predominant, eroticism leads to the perversion. Technically it insists on the purity of the line, which gives a two-dimensional character, and the expressiveness of the drawing. The organic forms, especially curved and spirals (plants, flowers, leaves, twisted stems, which fills all the space (horror vacui, sometimes reaching the tessellation). They preferred elongated and oblong formats.
Art Nouveau: Painting Magnolias, Theo van Rysselberghe. On this image, we can observe that the flowers are occupying almost all the space of the picture.
Art Nouveau: Sculpture The female figure in various attitudes was central. They used a variety of materials: marble for major monuments and bronze, ivory, precious metals and ceramics and glass for works of small size. The major sculptors were: Ferdinand Preiss, Demetre Chiparus and Joseph Lorenzl.
Art Nouveau: Sculpture Woman in bronze, Demetre Chiparus
Art Nouveau: Antoni Gaudí Antoni Gaudí was a Spanish architect, leader of the Catalan Art Nouveau, influenced by Gothic Art and oriental styles. Gaudí had an exceptional sense of geometry and volume, as well as great imaginative power that allowed him to mentally project the majority of his works before passing them to planes. He preferred to recreate them on three-dimensional models, shaping every detail He studied his creations to the smallest detail, integrating in architecture a range of handicrafts which he mastered to perfection: ceramics, glass, iron forging, carpentry, etc…
Art Nouveau: Antoni Gaudí This is his masterpiece: The Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family
Art Nouveau: Holy Family Its a large Roman Catholic basilica in Barcelona (Spain). Started in 1882, is still under construction (May 2012). The temple, when completed, will have 18 towers, four in each of the three entrances, portals and domes, and a system of six towers, with the central dome tower dedicated to Jesus Christ. The interior is made up of innovative tree- inclined columns and vaults based on hyperboloids and parables looking for the optimal shape of the catenaries. In the Holy Family, hyperbolas and parabolas in windows, arches, and doors are common, that is a characteristic of the architecture of this period. Plant motifs are predominant.
Porches of the Holy Family Charitys porch Hope’s porch Faith’s porch Tree of Life Death of the Holy Innocents Flight into Egypt Kings’ adoration Maria’s coronation
Art Nouveau: Casa Milá Casa Milà, popularly known as ”La Pedrera” ("quarry" in Catalan), built and designed between 1906 and 1912 on the Eixample district in Barcelona.
Art Nouveau: Casa Milá Casa Milà is a reflection of Gaudi´s artistic fullness. It belongs to the naturalistic stage (first decade of the twentieth century), during which the architect perfected his personal style. Inspired by organic forms of nature, implemented a series of new solutions based in Gaudis ruled geometry.
Art Nouveau: Casa MiláSome pictures of Casa Milá:
Sources PÉREZ, Paqui, Social Sciences History (4th year ESO), Campo de Criptana, 2011 "Sagrada Familia", web site "Wikipedia", entrada del 25 de abril de 2004, looked for 29/04/2012. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagrada_Fam%C3%ADlia "Sagrada Familia", web site “www.sagradafamilia.cat",looked for el 29/04/2012. URL: http://www.sagradafamilia.cat/ “Art Nouveau", web site “Wikipedia", looked for 29/04/2012. URL: http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_Nouveau “Antoni Gaudí", web site “Wikipedia", looked for 29/04/2012. URL: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoni_Gaud%C3%AD “Antoni Gaudí", web site “www.antonigaudi.org", looked for 29/04/2012. URL: http:// www.antonigaudi.org/antonio “Casa Milà”, web site “Wikipedia”, looked for 09/05/2012. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Mil%C3%A0
This project work was made by: Juan Carlos Huertas 4º ESO A