Art Nouveau


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Art Nouveau

  1. 1. By: Juan Carlos Huertas
  2. 2. INDEX Main features Architecture Painting Sculpture Antoni Gaudí Sources
  3. 3. Art Nouveau: Main featuresThe general features can be recognized of Art Nouveau are: Inspiration from nature and the abundant use of natural elements but preferably in plants and organic type rounded intertwined with the central motif. Use of the curved line and the asymmetry in both the plans and elevations of buildings and decoration. Tendency to stylization of the reasons, with less frequent representation strictly realistic. Use of female images in attitudes delicate and graceful, with a generous use of waves in the hair and the folds of the clothes. Attitude tending to sensuality and sense gratification, reaching the eroticism in some cases. Freedom in the use of exotic type reasons, be they pure fantasy or inspiration in different cultures, such as the use of Japanese prints.
  4. 4. Art Nouveau: Architecture Spain (Modernismo) Parque Güell and Casa Milá (Antoni Gaudí) Belgium (Art Nouveau) Library of the University of Ghent (Henry van de Velde) France (Art Nouveau) Parisian underground (Hector Guimard) Austria (Sezessionstil) Metro Pavilions (Otto Wagner) Germany (Jugendstil) Ship turbines (Peter Behrens)
  5. 5. Art Nouveau: Architecture Art Nouveau is a bourgeois art, very expensive, which attempts to integrate all the art architecture and the arts. It is a stream essentially decorative, but has original architectural solutions. Develops between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This movement uses the solutions that the revolution of iron and glass contribute to the architecture, but uses the industry for interior decoration and the forges of thegrates, etc. .. Their shapes are soft and rounded, although this is not the only characteristic of modernism, but the profusion of decorative motifs.
  6. 6. Art Nouveau: Painting In contrast to both the scholarship and the impressionism, the daily issues of symbolic and conceptual content are not usually used (a simultaneous movement, post- impressionist, is known as symbolism). Women is predominant, erotic leads to the perversion. Technically it insists on the purity of the line, which gives a two-dimensional character, and the expressiveness of the drawing. The organic forms, especially curved and spiral plant (flowers, leaves, stems twisted), which fills all space (horror vacui, sometimes reaching the tessellation) already present in earlier English Movement. They preferred formats are elongated and oblong.
  7. 7. Art Nouveau: Painting Magnolias, Theo van Rysselberghe. In this image, we can observe that the flowers are occupying almost all the space of the picture.
  8. 8. Art Nouveau: Sculpture Modernist sculpture or art nouveau theme was central female figure in various attitudes. We used a variety of materials: marble for major monuments and bronze, ivory, precious metals. Ceramics and glass for works of small size. Among the major sculptors style related are Ferdinand Preiss, Demetre Chiparus and Joseph Lorenzl.
  9. 9. Art Nouveau: Sculpture Women in bronze (Demetre Chiparus)
  10. 10. Art Nouveau: Antoni Gaudí Antoni Gaudí was a Spanish architect, leader of the Catalan Modernism. Influenced by Gothic Art and oriental styles. Gaudi was an architect with an exceptional sense of geometry and volume, as well as great imaginative power that allowed him to mentally project the majority of his works before passing them to planes. He preferred to recreate them on three-dimensional models, shaping every detail was based on coming up mentally. He studied to the smallest detail of his creations, architecture integrating a range of handicrafts which he mastered to perfection: ceramics, glass, iron forging, carpentry, etc…
  11. 11. Art Nouveau: Antoni Gaudí This is his masterpiece: The Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family
  12. 12. Art Nouveau: Holy Family Holy Family is a large Roman Catholic basilica in Barcelona (Spain). Launched in 1882, is still under construction (May 2012). The temple, when completed, will have 18 towers, four in each of the three entrances, portals and domes mod e, you have a system of six towers, with the central dome tower dedicated to Jesus. The interior is made ​up of innovative tree- inclined columns and vaults based on hyperboloids and parabolise looking for the optimal shape of the catenaries. In the Holy Family, hyperbolas and parabolas in windows, arches, and doors are common, that is a characteristic of the architecture of this period. Motifs are predominant.
  13. 13. Porches of the Holy Family Charitys porch Hope’s porch Faith’s porch Tree of Life Death of the Holy Innocents Flight into Egypt Kings’ adoration Maria’s coronation
  14. 14. Sources PÉREZ, Paqui, Social Sciences History (4th year ESO), Campo de Criptana, 2011 "Sagrada Familia", sitio web "Wikipedia", entrada del 25 de abril de 2004, looked for 29/04/2012. URL: "Sagrada Familia", sitio web “",looked for el 29/04/2012. URL: “Art Nouveau", sitio web “Wikipedia", looked for 29/04/2012. URL: “Antoni Gaudí", sitio web “Wikipedia", looked for 29/04/2012. URL: “Antoni Gaudí", sitio web “", looked for 29/04/2012. URL:
  15. 15. This project work was made by: Juan Carlos Huertas 4º ESO A