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Greek Theatre Powerpoint

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Introduction to Classical Greek Theatre and Sophocles' "Antigone"

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Greek Theatre Powerpoint

  1. 1. Greek Tragedy: Antigone <ul><li>Theatre Components </li></ul><ul><li>Actors </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus </li></ul>
  2. 2. Greek Theatre: Main components <ul><li>Theatron : literally, the “watching place” </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestra : literally, the “dancing place” </li></ul><ul><li>Skene : “scene,” or backdrop </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theatron <ul><li>Daylight </li></ul><ul><li>Class issues </li></ul><ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Sound effects </li></ul>
  4. 4. Orchestra <ul><li>Challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Distance from audience </li></ul><ul><li>Holding interest </li></ul>
  5. 5. Skene <ul><li>Behind orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Served as backdrop, house </li></ul><ul><li>Decorative in later years </li></ul><ul><li>Holds mechane </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other Theatre Components <ul><li>Parados: passageways </li></ul><ul><li>Ekkykleme: “the thing that rolls” </li></ul><ul><li>Mechane : crane used for special effect </li></ul>
  7. 7. Actors <ul><li>3 Actors, all men </li></ul><ul><li>Various roles </li></ul><ul><li>Wore masks </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate gestures, “over-acting” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chorus <ul><li>12-15 men </li></ul><ul><li>Singing </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul><ul><li>Strophe </li></ul><ul><li>Antistrophe </li></ul>
  9. 9. Antigone : in context <ul><li>Dionysia </li></ul><ul><li>Sophocles </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus Rex </li></ul><ul><li>Cast of characters </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sophocles <ul><li>495 B.C.E. :Born in Colonus, in Attica </li></ul><ul><li>441: Writes Antigone </li></ul><ul><li>431-404: Peloponnesian War (Athens v. Sparta) </li></ul><ul><li>429: Writes Oedipus Rex </li></ul><ul><li>406: Sophocles dies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Oedipus Rex <ul><li>Delphic Oracle, prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Corinth </li></ul><ul><li>Sphinx riddle </li></ul><ul><li>Self-punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Children: Eteocles, Polyneices, Ismene, Antigone </li></ul>
  12. 12. Corinth: Agora
  13. 13. Corinth <ul><li>Sanctuary to Artemis </li></ul>
  14. 14. Corinth <ul><li>17 th Century Skeleton from burial ground </li></ul>
  15. 15. Oracle at Delphi <ul><li>Apollo </li></ul><ul><li>Parnassus </li></ul><ul><li>Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Pythia </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle “trust in Athens’ wooden walls…” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Delphi: Temple to Apollo
  17. 17. Delphi: View of valley
  18. 18. Image and Textual References <ul><li>Ancient Greek Theater. Retrieved July 20, 2007, Web site: http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/110tech/graphics/theaterdiagram.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Damen, (2006). Classical Drama and Theatre. Retrieved July 20, 2007, Web site: www.usu.edu/.../11/vaseactorholdingmask.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Drama. Retrieved July 20, 2007, Web site: www.baylor.edu/~John_Thorburn/Attica2.GIF </li></ul><ul><li>Hellenic World Staff (2007). The Greek Sphinx. Retrieved July 20, 2007, from The Hellenic World Web site: www.ancientworlds.net/.../08/55/00085574_320.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved July 20, 2007, Web site: http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~tcf/pictures/electra.png&imgrefurl=http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~tcf/pastevents.html </li></ul><ul><li>Startz, A. (2006). Retrieved July 20, 2007, Web site: http://casweb.ou.edu/home/news/events/images/sophocles.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>The Classical Greek Chorus. Retrieved July 20, 2007, Web site: www2.selu.edu/.../classes/engl230/Chorus.jpg </li></ul>

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