Why is Gatsby nervous when he meets Nick outside his house?a) He is eager for Nick to arrange a meeting with Daisyb) He is waiting for a “shipment”c) He is worried that he has offended Nickd) He has just killed someone
What happens before Gatsby meets Daisy that makes him so anxious?a) His mother arrives in townb) Daisy cancels their meetingc) It rainsd) Nick catches the flu
How does Nick feel about Gatsby’s offer tocompensate him for his help by hiring him?a) Nick is concerned that the work will be illegalb) Nick is offended that Gatsby is offering to pay him for his helpc) Nick appreciates the offer, but regretfully declinesd) Nick is overjoyed because he hates his current job
What does Gatsby show Daisy that makes her cry?a) His unsent letters to her from the warb) A picture of his motherc) His collection of nice shirtsd) A picture of him aged 18 with a pompadour hairstyle and a yacht
Why does Nick decide to leave Gatsby’s mansion?a) He has a date with Jordanb) He feels Gatsby and Daisy have forgotten him anywayc) He doesn’t like the songs that Klipspringer is playingd) Gatsby makes a derogatory joke about Nick’s parents
Form and structure• Chapter 5 is the pivotal chapter of The Great Gatsby, as Gatsby’s reunion with Daisy is the hinge on which the novel swings.• Before this event, the story of their relationship exists only in prospect, as Gatsby moves toward a dream that no one else can discern. Afterwards, the plot shifts its focus to the romance between Gatsby and Daisy, and the tensions in their relationship actualize themselves.• After Gatsby’s history with Daisy is revealed, a meeting between the two becomes inevitable, and it is highly appropriate that the theme of the past’s significance to the future is evoked in this chapter.• As the novel explores ideas of love, excess, and the American dream, it becomes clearer and clearer to the reader that Gatsby’s emotional frame is out of sync with the passage of time. His nervousness about the present and about how Daisy’s attitude toward him may have changed causes him to knock over Nick’s clock, symbolizing the clumsiness of his attempt to stop time and retrieve the past.
Structure: Freytag’s triangle• According to Freytag, a drama is divided into five parts, or acts, which some refer to as a dramatic arc: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and dénouement.• Although Freytags analysis of dramatic structure is based on five-act plays, it can be applied (sometimes in a modified manner) to short stories and novels as well.
Freytag’s triangle and The Great GatsbyExposition or Introduction (Chapter 1)The exposition provides the background information needed to properly understandthe story, such as the problem in the beginning of the story, characters, and setting.Once upon a time...Rising action (Chapters 2-4)During rising action, the basic internal conflict is complicated by the introduction ofrelated secondary conflicts, including various obstacles that often frustrate theprotagonists attempt to reach his goal. Secondary conflicts can include adversariesof lesser importance than the story’s antagonist, who may work with the antagonistor separately, by and for themselves or actions unknown, and also the conflict. Arising action is the base for the climax.Climax (Chapter 5)The third act is that of the climax, or turning point, which marks a change, for thebetter or the worse, in the protagonist’s affairs. If the story is a comedy, things willhave gone badly for the protagonist up to this point; now, the tide, so to speak, willturn, and things will begin to go well for him or her. If the story is a tragedy, theopposite state of affairs will ensue, with things going from good to bad for theprotagonist. Simply put, this is where the main part happens or the most dramaticpart.
Scenes and places• p.81 – “The day agreed upon was pouring rain.”• What is significant about the weather on the day?• What technique does Fitzgerald use throughout the chapter?
Characterisation• p.83 – “Gatsby, pale as death, with his hands plunged like weights in his coat pockets, was standing in a puddle of water glaring tragically into my eyes.”• p.85 – “he followed me wildly into the kitchen, closed the door, and whispered: ‘Oh, God!’ in a miserable way.[...] ‘You’re acting like a little boy,’ I broke out impatiently.• How do these extracts contrast the image of Gatsby we have been shown so far in the novel?• What might be significant about this?
Setting• Look at the description of Gatsby’s mansion on p.85-86.• What might the use of feudal imagery and descriptions of peasants and serfs suggest about The American Dream?
The American Dream• In this chapter, Gatsby’s house is compared several times to that of a feudal lord, and his imported clothes, antiques, and luxuries all display a nostalgia for the lifestyle of a British aristocrat.• Though Nick and Daisy are amazed and dazzled by Gatsby’s splendid possessions, a number of things in Nick’s narrative suggest that something is not right about this transplantation of an aristocrat’s lifestyle into democratic America.• For example, Nick notes that the brewer who built the house in which Gatsby now lives tried to pay the neighbouring villagers to have their roofs thatched, to complement the style of the mansion. They refused, Nick says, because Americans are obstinately unwilling to play the role of peasants.• Thomas Jefferson and the other founding fathers envisioned America as a place that would be free of the injustices of class and caste, a place where people from humble backgrounds would be free to try to improve themselves economically and socially. Chapter 5 suggests that this dream of improvement, carried to its logical conclusion, results in a superficial imitation of the old European social system that America supposedly left behind.
p.90 - endDaisy put her arm through his abruptly, but heseemed absorbed in what he had just said.Possibly it had occurred to him that the colossalsignificance of that light had now vanishedforever. Compared to the great distance thatseparated him from Daisy it had seemed verynear to her, almost touching her. It had seemedas close as a star to the moon. Now it wasagain a green light on a dock. His count ofenchanted objects had diminished by one.
‘Ain’t We Got Fun?’‘In the morning,In the evening, Ain’t we got fun –’‘One thing’s sure and nothing’s surerThe rich get richer and the poor get – children. In the meantime, In between time, Ain’t we got fun!’