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The story behind the Hong Kong’s 
Umbrella Revolution 
Awareness Workshop 
by Oxfam IVG
Hong Kong Profile 
Hong Kong : Semi-autonomous, special administrative region (SAR) 
of China 
Population: 7.2 million (UN...
Hong Kong protest 2014- What's going on - Guardian Explainers 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikYIcq5PhRA
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Why umbrella revolution? 
Hong Kong has its own 
money, police force, schools, languages, and local government 
Hong Kong ...
When did it start? 
26 Sep. - Ongoing 
31 Aug. 
National People’s Congress set limits (NPCSC) 
for the 2017 Chief Executiv...
Who are the main protesters? 
All kinds of social groups and individuals joining. 
Main Groups 
Initiated by "Occupy Centr...
Who are the main protesters? 
No single leader or group leads this protest. 
Politeness 
Tidiness 
Nonviolence 
a self-org...
A sign said 'Sorry for the inconvenience' by the 
protester in Cause Bay MRT 
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china
Hong Kong student protesters help recycle garbage 
at the protest site on Oct. 1, 2014, in Hong Kong. 
Photo by Paula Bron...
Students doing their homework in Hong Kong's street 
protest 
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china
What do they want for? 
Full democracy 
Open nominations in 2017 chief executive. 
Resignation of CY Leung, 
current Chief...
What are the domestic reactions? 
Hong Kong 
Citizens 
“Affecting the daily lives” 
Tourists 
postponed or even cancelled ...
What are the domestic reactions? 
Hong Kong 
Hong Kong Polytechnic University 
59% supported, 29% questioned (850 people s...
What are the domestic reactions? 
Mainland China 
Pro-Beijing Pro-Democracy 
Chinese President Xi 
Jinping 
“Occupy Centra...
Individuals are Supporting Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Protests. 
http://chrdnet.com/2014/10/individuals-detained-in-mainland-...
What are the international reactions? 
Leaders of 
countries 
U.S. President Obama 
“The U.S. had no role in fostering pro...
What are the international reactions? 
Organizations 
The UN Human Rights Committee 
“‘Universal Suffrage’ includes the ri...
Ben’s live talk
1. How long was Hong Kong under British rule? 
A: 156 years 
B: 200 years 
C: 265 years 
D: 300 years 
Quiz time 
(A) 
Fro...
2. Which year was Hong Kong handed over to The 
PRC? 
A: 1990 
B: 1995 
C: 1997 
D: 2000 
Quiz time 
(C)
3. Does the border with the mainland continue to be 
patrolled as before? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(A)
4. Who formulated the「One Country, Two Systems」 
principle? 
A: Deng Xiao Ping 
B: Mao Zedong 
C: Jiang Zeming 
D: Xi Jinp...
5. Is protest and demonstration legal in Mainland 
China? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(A) 
Citizens of the People's Republi...
6. Does Hong Kong have its own economy system? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(A) 
Under the terms of the British handover, Ho...
7. Does China’s Great Firewall censor internet post in 
Hong Kong? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(B) 
own Free Press. So Grea...
8. Do citizens of mainland China need a VISA to enter 
Hong Kong? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(A) 
have visa-free or visa o...
9. Are calls between Hong Kong and Mainland China 
requiring international calls? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(A) 
*HK reta...
10. Is Mandarin the only official language in Hong 
Kong? 
A: YES 
B: NO 
Quiz time 
(B) 
the Basic Law, Chinese and Engli...
1. What will happen if China let Hong Kong have more 
freedom? 
(5mins) 
Discussion
2. What’s your opinion of the Hong Kong’s protest? 
(5mins) 
Discussion
Discussion 
3. How this movement will likely end? 
(5mins) 
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16526765
Oxfam is a world-wide development organization 
that mobilizes the power of people against poverty. 
Oxfam Japan started a...
Umbrella revolution
Umbrella revolution
Umbrella revolution
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Umbrella revolution

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Hong Kong, the 3rd largest world’s financial center, has exploded into protest. The current prodemocracy protests in Hong Kong came in response to an August decision by the Beijing government to limit voters’ choices in future elections for the autonomous territory’s chief executive. Hong Kong students have been using umbrellas to protect themselves from police tear gas. The umbrellas became a symbol of the movement and gave it its nickname, the Umbrella Revolution.

Why the umbrellas?
Who are the main players?
And what do Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protesters want?

Let’s find out what’s behind the Hong Kong’s Umbrella Revolution.

Published in: News & Politics
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Umbrella revolution

  1. 1. The story behind the Hong Kong’s Umbrella Revolution Awareness Workshop by Oxfam IVG
  2. 2. Hong Kong Profile Hong Kong : Semi-autonomous, special administrative region (SAR) of China Population: 7.2 million (UN, 2012) Area: 1,098 sq km (424 sq miles) Major languages: Chinese (mainly Cantonese), English (both official) Major religions: Buddhism, Taoism Monetary unit: Hong Kong dollar GNI per capita: $36,010 (World Bank, 2011) International dialing code: +852
  3. 3. Hong Kong protest 2014- What's going on - Guardian Explainers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikYIcq5PhRA
  4. 4. GENERAL INTRODUCTION
  5. 5. Why umbrella revolution? Hong Kong has its own money, police force, schools, languages, and local government Hong Kong Mainland China Next election for Chief Executive in 2017 Open nomination Only Beijing-vetted candidates In the beginning, ’Occupy Central’ was commonly used to describe this movement. Hong Kong students have been using umbrellas to protect themselves from police tear gas. ‘Umbrella revolution’ was first mentioned on Twitter. (26 Sep)
  6. 6. When did it start? 26 Sep. - Ongoing 31 Aug. National People’s Congress set limits (NPCSC) for the 2017 Chief Executive election 22 to 26 Sep Students' strike. (Class boycott) 26 Sep. Police first used Tear Gas to a crowd near Legislative Council. Oct. 1,000,000 supporters, more than 100,000 protesters at the peak on the streets. As of 1 Nov. 319 Arrests, 298 Injuries (Hong Kong)
  7. 7. Who are the main protesters? All kinds of social groups and individuals joining. Main Groups Initiated by "Occupy Central with Love & Peace”, led by Hong Kong University law professor Benny Tai Student group “Scholarism”, led by Joshua Wong “Hong Kong Federation of Students”, led by Alex Chow
  8. 8. Who are the main protesters? No single leader or group leads this protest. Politeness Tidiness Nonviolence a self-organizing community that has no leader Time magazine
  9. 9. A sign said 'Sorry for the inconvenience' by the protester in Cause Bay MRT http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china
  10. 10. Hong Kong student protesters help recycle garbage at the protest site on Oct. 1, 2014, in Hong Kong. Photo by Paula Bronstein/Getty Images
  11. 11. Students doing their homework in Hong Kong's street protest http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china
  12. 12. What do they want for? Full democracy Open nominations in 2017 chief executive. Resignation of CY Leung, current Chief Executive in Hong Kong. Open Letter to Chinese President Xi Jinping on Hong Kong People’s Well-Being 1) The HKSAR government must bear the sole responsibility, be accountable 2) To establish a democratic system that affirms equal rights 3) To uphold the principle of “One Country, Two Systems”: Hong Kong by Hong Kong Federation of Students. (As by 11 OCT 2014)
  13. 13. What are the domestic reactions? Hong Kong Citizens “Affecting the daily lives” Tourists postponed or even cancelled their plans to visit Hong Kong Anti-Occupy group ‘Alliance for Peace and Democracy’ collected 1.8million signatures demanding the return of streets Lui Che Woo (2nd richest man in Asia) opposed ‘any activity that has a negative impact on the Hong Kong economy’ Reuters the protests had contributed to a 50 billion HKD drop in share value
  14. 14. What are the domestic reactions? Hong Kong Hong Kong Polytechnic University 59% supported, 29% questioned (850 people surveyed.) Wikipedia 4 Oct Hong Kong Business Daily (Pro-Beijing media) 57.81% “strongly oppose”, 40.53% “oppose”, 1.6% “neutral”, of 600 questionnaires distributed to the city’s major business group. NanFang(南方) 5 Nov Chinese Hong Kong University survey 67.4% “the protests should leave the streets”, 43.5% against it , 33.9% supports Reuters 17 Nov
  15. 15. What are the domestic reactions? Mainland China Pro-Beijing Pro-Democracy Chinese President Xi Jinping “Occupy Central is an illegal movement in Hong Kong” (APEC Summit in Nov) Amnesty International At least 38 mainland Chinese have been detained for supporting. Chinese Government authorities All websites must immediately clear away information about occupy central. (on 28 Sep) Activists Through out china support the movement www.baidu.com/
  16. 16. Individuals are Supporting Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Protests. http://chrdnet.com/2014/10/individuals-detained-in-mainland-china-for-supporting-hong-kong-pro-democracy-protests/
  17. 17. What are the international reactions? Leaders of countries U.S. President Obama “The U.S. had no role in fostering pro-democracy protests that have shut down parts of Hong Kong. / These are issues ultimately for the people of Hong Kong and the people of China to decide.” U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron “Obligation to the former colony. / the best way to guarantee these rights is through transition to universal suffrage” Taiwan President Ma “Urged China to introduce constitutional democracy / Enjoying greater democracy and rule of law is a desire which is the right of all humankind” Russia State media “Protests were another West-sponsored color revolution”
  18. 18. What are the international reactions? Organizations The UN Human Rights Committee “‘Universal Suffrage’ includes the right to stand for office as well as the right to vote.” Amnesty International Called on China to release the supporters of Protest. Events around the world Assemblies in supports of the protest have occurred in more than 30 cities around the world
  19. 19. Ben’s live talk
  20. 20. 1. How long was Hong Kong under British rule? A: 156 years B: 200 years C: 265 years D: 300 years Quiz time (A) From 1841 to 1997 / excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945
  21. 21. 2. Which year was Hong Kong handed over to The PRC? A: 1990 B: 1995 C: 1997 D: 2000 Quiz time (C)
  22. 22. 3. Does the border with the mainland continue to be patrolled as before? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (A)
  23. 23. 4. Who formulated the「One Country, Two Systems」 principle? A: Deng Xiao Ping B: Mao Zedong C: Jiang Zeming D: Xi Jinping Quiz time (A)
  24. 24. 5. Is protest and demonstration legal in Mainland China? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (A) Citizens of the People's Republic of China enjoy freedom of speech, of the press,
  25. 25. 6. Does Hong Kong have its own economy system? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (A) Under the terms of the British handover, Hong Kong maintained its capitalist economy.
  26. 26. 7. Does China’s Great Firewall censor internet post in Hong Kong? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (B) own Free Press. So Great Firewall does not censor posts in Hong Kong as it
  27. 27. 8. Do citizens of mainland China need a VISA to enter Hong Kong? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (A) have visa-free or visa on arrival access to 156 countries and territories,
  28. 28. 9. Are calls between Hong Kong and Mainland China requiring international calls? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (A) *HK retains a separate international dialling code (+852).
  29. 29. 10. Is Mandarin the only official language in Hong Kong? A: YES B: NO Quiz time (B) the Basic Law, Chinese and English are the two official languages
  30. 30. 1. What will happen if China let Hong Kong have more freedom? (5mins) Discussion
  31. 31. 2. What’s your opinion of the Hong Kong’s protest? (5mins) Discussion
  32. 32. Discussion 3. How this movement will likely end? (5mins) http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16526765
  33. 33. Oxfam is a world-wide development organization that mobilizes the power of people against poverty. Oxfam Japan started activities in December 2003; working from Japan to bring the reality of poverty and injustice around the world to the Japanese by raising awareness of global issues and supporting Oxfam activities around the world. The International Volunteer Group is a group of English-speaking volunteers who work together to support Oxfam Japan in their mission to find solutions to global poverty and injustice.

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