Chemical Training Turfgrass Management


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Chemical Training Turfgrass Management

  1. 1. Turfgrass Management 3B Exam 3/4/2010
  2. 2. Turfgrass Management <ul><li>Turf must have proper care and management and timely pest control to be attractive, have good color, and be free of weeds, insects and diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Turfgrass management includes selecting the right grass, mowing, watering, fertilizing, and thatch control. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Turfgrass Problems <ul><li>Determine the kind of grasses involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Find out why the problem occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if the problem is best corrected by management practices, soil modification, or pesticides. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Turfgrass Problems <ul><li>Check to see if a chemical is labeled both for turfgrass species and disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend good cultural practices that will assist in turfgrass recovery. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preventive Disease Control <ul><li>Water properly </li></ul><ul><li>Control thatch </li></ul><ul><li>Mow to the proper height </li></ul><ul><li>Mow grass frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Do not restrict air movement </li></ul><ul><li>Use blends of grasses </li></ul><ul><li>Provide good drainage </li></ul>
  6. 6. Preventive Disease Control <ul><li>Fertilize properly </li></ul><ul><li>Follow a insect and weed control program </li></ul><ul><li>Do not plant grasses that are not adapted to your area. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How do you Diagnosis?? <ul><ul><li>Identify the turf grass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the weather conditions before and during disease development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at the soil structure and fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review cultural and chemical management practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the overall distribution of the problem </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How do you Diagnosis? <ul><ul><li>Observe symptoms on individual plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use reference materials </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Largest Turfgrass Disease Category <ul><li>FUNGUS </li></ul><ul><li>Not going to talk about them. </li></ul>
  10. 10. WEEDS <ul><li>Any plant can be considered a weed if it is growing where it is not wanted. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Good Weed Control Program <ul><li>Identify the desirable turfgrass </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the existing weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Combine pest control with good management practices </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of Weeds <ul><li>Broadleaf Weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Grassy Weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Annual weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Winter </li></ul><ul><li>Summer </li></ul><ul><li>Biennials </li></ul><ul><li>Perennials </li></ul>
  13. 13. Weed Control <ul><li>Granular formulations are effective for preemergence herbicides. </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid formulations are better for postemergence control where foliar coverage is needed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Broadleaf Weed Control <ul><li>Spring and fall applications of postemergence herbicides normally give satisfactory control and reduce the possibility of damage to nontarget plants. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Grassy Weed Control <ul><li>Control of annual grasses is best achieved with preemergence herbicide for general infestations and spot treatment with postemergence herbicides for localized infestations. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Factors Influencing Weed Control with Soil Applied Herbicides <ul><li>Kinds of weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Application rate </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformity of application </li></ul><ul><li>Solubility of herbicide </li></ul><ul><li>Volatility of herbicide </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfall or irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Soil type </li></ul><ul><li>Organic matter </li></ul>
  17. 17. Factors Influencing Weed Control with Foliage Applied Herbicides <ul><li>Kinds of weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Application rate </li></ul><ul><li>Uniformity of application </li></ul><ul><li>Spray additives </li></ul><ul><li>Stage and rate of weed or crop growth </li></ul><ul><li>Loss due to rain or degradation by sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Retention on leaves </li></ul>
  18. 18. Managing Insects <ul><li>Inspect all lawn and turf areas on a regular basis </li></ul><ul><li>Learn how to ID important turf insect and their damage </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a sound pest management strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Select and apply insecticides carefully and only when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the success of the management program </li></ul>
  19. 19. Minimizing Pesticide Hazards <ul><li>Make sure you are at the right location </li></ul><ul><li>Do not allow children or pets to remain in the area being sprayed. </li></ul><ul><li>Check neighboring areas for pets or people that may come into contact with drift </li></ul><ul><li>Remove toys, pet food dishes, birdfeeder, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid spray objects such as park benches or patio furniture. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid fish ponds, bird bathes, and other water features </li></ul>
  20. 20. Minimizing Pesticide Hazards <ul><li>Observe pesticide label restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Sweep or rinse away all spills </li></ul><ul><li>Secure all pesticide containers or spray apparatus before moving </li></ul>
  21. 21. Parts of the Label <ul><li>Brand Name </li></ul><ul><li>Common Name </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Name </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Pesticide </li></ul><ul><li>Net Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Name and Address of Manufacturer </li></ul><ul><li>Registration & Establishment Numbers </li></ul>
  22. 22. Parts of the Label <ul><li>Signal Words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Danger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Worker Protection Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Precautionary Statements </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of Practical Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Statement </li></ul>
  23. 23. Parts of the Label <ul><li>Physical or Chemical Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Classification Statement </li></ul><ul><li>Storage and Disposal Statement </li></ul><ul><li>Direction for Use </li></ul>
  24. 24. Questions??