Reported speech powerpoint

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Reported speech powerpoint

  1. 1. Reported Speech
  2. 2. Direct/Indirect Speech I study 2 nd BAT Name May 2 ? May 3 Name Name He has said, “I study 2 nd BAT” ? Name Name He has said that he studies 2 nd BAT Direct Speech Indirect Speech Name
  3. 3. Changes in Indirect Speech I study 2 nd BAT Name May 2 ? May 2 Name Name He says that he studies 2 nd BAT ? He has said that he studies 2 nd BAT ? He said that he studied/studies 2 nd BAT ? He is going to say that he studies 2 nd BAT May 2 May 25 May 1 Introductory verb in present/present perfect/future  no change Introductory verb in past  change Name
  4. 4. Common Sense! I study 2 nd BAT May ? May 5 2010 He said that he studied 2 nd BAT ? He said that he studied 2 nd BAT April 27 2014 He said that he studies 2 nd BAT 3 2010
  5. 5. Changes in Verb Tenses: a) Present  Past “ My father likes football.”  … “ She is working on her computer.”  … “ I have seen him at school today.”  … b) Past  Past Perfect “ I went to school in the USA.”  … c) Past perfect  = “ She had already done the exercises.”  …
  6. 6. Changes in Verb Tenses: will  would shall  should can  could must  had to may  might d) Modals (Present  Past // Past  =) but would  should  could  might  ought to  “ The exams will be difficult.”  … “ This can be interesting.”  … “ You must work harder.”  … “ They shouldn’t skip lessons.”  … “ I wouldn’t do that.”  … =
  7. 7. Remember Common Sense You don’t always have to play by the rules!
  8. 8. Other Changes: Place, time expression Place Name I’m here on vacation. Name He said he was there on vacation. Name Name
  9. 9. Time March 17 March 21 She said that that day was her birthday. Name Today is my birthday! Name
  10. 10. Reported Speech: Questions 1. WH - Questions April 24 Name What will you do this summer? How did you come? Where do you work? <ul><li>He asked me what I would do this summer </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me where I worked/work. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me how I had come/came. </li></ul>Name Name <ul><li>Word Order : Like statements, since they are not really questions </li></ul>April 25 Name
  11. 11. Reported Speech: Questions 2. Yes/No Questions April 24 Name Will they come with us? Did you go to the party? Do you like maths? <ul><li>He asked me if they would come with us. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked if I liked maths. </li></ul><ul><li>He asked if I had gone to the party. </li></ul>Name Name <ul><li>Word Order : Like statements, since they are not really questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Whether  in these types of sentences, you can use “whether” instead of “if.” </li></ul>April 25 Name
  12. 12. Reported Speech: Commands, Requests, Offers 1. Commands April 24 Name Stop! Give me your projects, please. Don’t walk! <ul><li>The teacher told us to stop. </li></ul><ul><li>He told us not to walk. </li></ul><ul><li>He told us to give him our projects. </li></ul>Name Name <ul><li>Introductory Verb : Instead of “tell” you can use “order” or “warn,” etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex, The policeman ordered them to stop. </li></ul>April 25
  13. 13. Reported Speech: Commands, Requests, Offers 2. Requests April 24 Name <ul><li>Can </li></ul><ul><li>Could </li></ul><ul><li>Would </li></ul>My father asked me to pass the salt. Name Name April 25 you pass the salt please? }
  14. 14. Reported Speech: Commands, Requests, Offers 3. Offers April 24 Name <ul><li>Would you like some coffee? </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar? </li></ul><ul><li>He asked me if I would like some coffee /sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>He offered me some coffee/sugar. </li></ul>Name Name April 25

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