Sleep deprivation


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Sleep deprivation

  1. 1. objectives  Definition of terms  State the different stages of sleep  Cause of sleep deprivation  The different effects of sleep deprivation  Ways how to avoid sleep deprivation.
  2. 2. Sleep  Is the state wherein the body and mind is at rest.  Is one of the most natural behaviors of a person.
  3. 3. Stages of sleep
  4. 4. Required sleep  Newborn baby sleeps for 16 hours a day  Young adult and adult people (19 to 30 years old) sleep for 8 hours or less.  Elder ones only sleep for 6 hours.
  5. 5. Sleep deprivation  A chronic lack of sufficient restorative sleep.  Occurs when individual consistently does not get the minimum number of hours he or she needs at night in order to function at full power.
  6. 6. Causes of sleep dep.  Side effects of medication  Living environment/situation  Social engagement  Studying (all nighters)  Caffeine  Stress
  7. 7. Mind and body effects  Does more than leave an individual tired during the day: it can also have a dangerous effects on physical and mental health.
  8. 8. Physical effects  Not getting enough sleep increases the risk of developing a number of illness includes:  Heart diseases  Diabetes  Decreases the function of Immune system making the person more susceptible to illnesses.
  9. 9.  Another effects of sleep dep is weight gain and contribute to obesity  Studies found out that when a person is sleep deprived he or she has higher than normal levels of the hormone Gherlin.  Gherlin  Leptin  Combining an increased appetite with a decrease feeling of fullness leads to overeating, which in return leads to obesity.
  10. 10. Mental effects  Thinks, act, and perform normal activities.  Will have problems with memory and concentration.
  11. 11.  Experience emotion instability  Depression  Anxiety  Irritability  Problem solving is also difficult; individual may suffer:  Slow thinking reaction  Difficulty in concentration and understanding instruction  Forgetfulness, frequent error and mistake  Poor attentiveness or judgment in changing and complex situation
  12. 12.  Avoid drinking:  Coffee  Soda  Energy drink  Students often turn to alcohol to relax after stressful classes or to prepare for bedtime. Do’s and dont’s
  13. 13.  Drugs that college students may take that can affect sleep includes:  Diet pills  Illegal drugs, including cocaine  Nicotine  Oral contraceptives containing hormones  steroids
  14. 14. Tips in avoiding sleep deprivation  Exercise Can help in establish healthy sleeping pattern and will make it easier to fall asleep at the end of the day. Expert recommended exercising at least 3 hours before sleep
  15. 15.  Take naps  Expert recommended setting aside at least a few days after per week for a full night’s sleep.  It is recommended that people sleep and wake up the same time everyday in order to maintain a healthy sleep schedule.  Even if you can’t get 8 hours every night, getting 8 hours one or two days each week will help prevent long term health issues
  16. 16.  Irritability  Tiredness  Stress cracker  Bad concentration  Strange appetite change  Drowsiness  Daytime sleepiness  Lack of tolerance Symptoms