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5 section 1

  1. 1. Unit 5: Reconstruction 1865-1877
  2. 2. Bell Ringer <ul><li>In terms of social and economic challenges, what problems does the US face now that the Civil War is over? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aftermath of the Civil War <ul><li>Reconstruction: Federal program to rebuild and restore the South after the Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Key Question: Why was the South the main focus of Reconstruction? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: Most of the fighting had taken place in the South. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Southern Hardships <ul><li>Physical Destruction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60% of shipping industry destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value of farm land dropped 70% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human Losses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20% of Southern white men killed </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. 3 Types of Southerners <ul><li>Black Southerners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Newly free slaves were left homeless and jobless </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plantation owners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost $3 Billion in labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA money no longer good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to sell property to pay debts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor Whites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faced job competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migrated west to frontier lands </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Punishment or Pardon? <ul><li>In your groups, determine what steps should be taken before the South can be re-admitted to the Union. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What steps must be taken by Southern citizens to be allowed back into the US? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will the South be governed? Will CSA leaders be allowed to hold office? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What should be done with African Americans? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How will you pay for reconstruction? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Lincoln’s Plan: “With malice towards none, with charity for all.” <ul><li>Pardoned any Confederate who swore an oath of allegiance to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Denied to pardon any Confederate who killed any African American P.O.W. </li></ul><ul><li>Permitted each state to draft a new state Constitution once 10% of population swore allegiance. </li></ul><ul><li>States could then hold elections and resume participation in US government. </li></ul><ul><li>In your opinion, how would you describe the Lincoln Plan? </li></ul>
  8. 9. Opposition to Lincoln <ul><li>Radical Republicans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed that the main goal of the Civil War was to end slavery. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstruction should provide equal rights for all. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress felt that Lincoln did not have the authority to put forth a reconstruction plan. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Lincoln Assassination <ul><li>Shot April 14, 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Watching a play at Ford’s Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Shot by John Wilkes Booth who was chased down and killed. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Johnson’s Plan <ul><li>Pardoned Southerners who swore allegiance. </li></ul><ul><li>Each state could draft a new Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>States were required to void secession, abolish slavery, and pay off Confederate debt. </li></ul><ul><li>States could then hold elections and rejoin the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>In your own words, summarize Johnson’s plan? </li></ul>
  11. 12. New Freedom <ul><li>Freedman’s Bureau: Federal program to help African Americans adjust to free life. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to Move: At slavery’s end, freedman just up and left. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to own Land: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedman stayed on plantations and worked for wages to buy land. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom to Learn: 90% of freed slaves could not read </li></ul>
  12. 13. Quick Review <ul><li>Define reconstruction: </li></ul><ul><li>What are some examples of problems the South faced after the war? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the radical republicans? </li></ul><ul><li>How did Lincoln’s reconstruction plan differ from that of Johnson? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Freedman’s Bureau? </li></ul>