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  1. 1. Bell Ringer <ul><li>“ War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is the sooner it will be over.” - William Tecumseh Sherman </li></ul><ul><li>How does this quote from Union general Sherman show a different philosophy from previous Union leaders? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Grant Takes Command <ul><li>Ulysses S. Grant takes control of Union army in the East to fight Lee. </li></ul><ul><li>William Tecumseh Sherman given control of the Union west. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Battle of the Wilderness <ul><li>Grant vs Lee in 2 day battle in the woods near Chancellorsville. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate General Longstreet wounded by friendly fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant suffers heavy losses but keeps pushing South! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor <ul><li>Grant keeps pushing south towards Richmond. </li></ul><ul><li>Suffers heavy losses at the Battle of Spotsylvania but keeps on going. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant loses 7,000 men on two charges at Battle of Cold Harbor, 8 miles from Richmond </li></ul>
  5. 5. Petersburg <ul><li>Grant has lost 65,000 men since taking command. </li></ul><ul><li>Petersburg major railway station for Richmond. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant hopes to starve them out as Lee builds up defenses. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Key Questions <ul><li>How is Grant’s style of command different from previous Union generals? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think this philosophy will be more successful? Why or why not? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sherman’s March <ul><li>Sherman gets permission to march his 62,000 soldiers east to take Georgia. </li></ul><ul><li>After a long siege of Atlanta, CSA soldiers abandon the city. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sherman burns down nearly half the city. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sherman cuts a 300 mile path of destruction to Savannah and gives the city to Lincoln as a Xmas gift. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Sherman Moves North <ul><li>Sherman’s men march North to meet Grant in Petersburg. </li></ul><ul><li>SC treated even more harshly than Georgia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen as the source of treason. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private homes burned from Savannah to Columbia. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Destruction stopped at NC border. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Lincoln and the 13 th Amendment <ul><li>Lincoln wins re-election in 1864 by beating out McClellan. (212 of 233 electoral votes) </li></ul><ul><li>13 th Amendment passed after the election outlawing slavery. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Surrender at Appomattox Court House <ul><li>Union forces were surrounding Lee from all sides and CSA lacked enough men to fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee and Grant meet to discuss surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>All Southern soldiers could take their horses and mules and return home. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Final Review <ul><li>Why did Sherman’s men treat SC so harshly? </li></ul><ul><li>How was Sherman’s march different from previous Union strategies? </li></ul><ul><li>Who ran against Lincoln in the Election of 1864? What was the main issue of the election? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the Civil War end? </li></ul>