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  1. 1. Chapter 4
  2. 2. <ul><li>Fort Sumter attacked by rebel forces April of 1861. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln calls on Virginia to stop the rebellion. </li></ul><ul><li>VA joins the lower South and secedes </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Unorganized Union army led by McDowell moved slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates bring in reinforcements by train </li></ul><ul><li>Union starts winning at first, until Southern troops rally around Stonewall Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>North forced to retreat </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Key Union victories that opened up South to Northern invasion </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Union pushing south into MS and AL after victories in TN. </li></ul><ul><li>South attacks Grant’s troops and almost wins. The next day, Grant comes back with reinforcements and Shiloh becomes bloodiest battle yet. </li></ul><ul><li>24,000 Dead </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Union forces capture New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Union pushed North capturing Confederate Forts </li></ul><ul><li>North cuts South in half by taking control of the river. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1. Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Which Southern general rallied the troops at Bull Run? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Why was the capture of New Orleans an important victory for the North? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Merrimack first iron clad ship built by the South. Later named the Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor built by the Union to combat the Merrimack. (Fight fire with fire) </li></ul><ul><li>Ships met in battle and were unable to sink one an other. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>North lead by McClellan tries for a second time to capture Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan decides not to march back into Manassas and sends 100,000 troops by boat to a peninsula near Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Union defeats small CSA force and camps outside Richmond. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert E. Lee given command of CSA army </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>McClellan’s forces were in position to capture Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Lee decides to split his forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent several thousand to support Jackson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used the rest to pretend to attack Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><li>McClellan takes the bait and sends troops back to defend D.C. leaving a reduced force near Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Lee attacks McClellan and North retreats despite losing less men. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>McClellan fired after Lee’s maneuver. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee outwits Gen. Pope by splitting his army to attack Pope from both sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Battle breaks out at Bull Run again, and Union loses again! </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan rehired </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Lee decides to invade North to gain European support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lee sneaks into Western Maryland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lee loses 12,000 of his 40,000 men </li></ul></ul><ul><li>McClellan loses 8,000 of his 100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Lee retreats but McClellan does not pursue </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodiest battle so far </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>1. Why were the Monitor and Merrimack special? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What General outwitted McClellan and sneak attacked Maryland? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Who wins the battle at Antietam? </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>NORTH </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of Population </li></ul><ul><li>70% of Railroads </li></ul><ul><li>5 times as many factories </li></ul><ul><li>7 out of 8 military institutions in South </li></ul><ul><li>Home field advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Everything to fight for </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>NORTH </li></ul><ul><li>SOUTH </li></ul><ul><li>Anaconda Plan: Plan to choke off South through blockade </li></ul><ul><li>Capture Richmond to win the war </li></ul><ul><li>War of attrition: Outlast the north by playing defense </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped exporting cotton to world hoping to create shortages </li></ul>