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  1. 1. Bell Ringer<br />Based on what you have learned about the Northern and Southern colonies from unit one, create a list of ways that the economies and cultures of each will be different.<br />
  2. 2. The Rise of Manufacturing<br />Farmers in the new territories planted enough food to feed major cities.<br />Urban populations rise in the North as people take jobs in industrial manufacturing.<br />Industrial Revolution changes <br />Production methods<br />
  3. 3. Capitalism<br />Investments and business decisions made by private investors and not the government.<br />Most Americans now employees; no longer self employed.<br />Wages used to purchase goods<br />
  4. 4. The Banking Industry<br />Many new industries required investment money to get started<br />Made money by charging interest on loans<br />No government regulation meant sometimes banks failed<br />
  5. 5. Quick Review<br />Why did farming in the Northwest cause people in the Northeast to move to cities?<br />How do banks make money?<br />In a capitalist system, who makes investments in businesses? <br />
  6. 6. Northwest Territory<br />Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana<br />Fertile farmland produced large amounts of corn and cereal grains<br />Slavery outlawed<br />
  7. 7. Northeast<br />PA, NY, and New England<br />Heavily influenced by the Industrial Revolution<br />High European immigrant population<br />
  8. 8. Northeast Continued<br />30% of population lived in urban areas<br />Public education based on Puritan system<br />
  9. 9. Southern Economy and culture<br />Rural economy relied on warm temps to grow tobacco and cotton in VA and NC.<br />SC and GA grew rice and sugar due to higher temp and humidity<br />Economy slaved based<br />Importation of slaves banned 1808<br />
  10. 10. The Cotton Gin<br /><ul><li>Made of interchangeable parts
  11. 11. Cotton exports increased by 6,000%
  12. 12. Doubles slave population in US</li></li></ul><li>The Second Great Awakening<br />By 1790 only 10% attended church<br />New Denominations created<br />Baptists (Second largest denomination)<br />Methodists (Largest)<br />Mormons move West to Utah<br />
  13. 13. The South II<br /><ul><li>Government and economy dominated by wealthy plantation owners
  14. 14. Bulk of population lived on family farms and did not own slaves
  15. 15. Most children privately educated</li></li></ul><li>The South III <br />Large cities did not develop because rivers allowed ships to travel close to fields<br />Low number of immigrants due to lack of jobs<br />
  16. 16. The West<br />Settlers took the beliefs of their home regions with them<br />Old Northwest Territories shared Northeast culture<br />Railroads become vital to Western Migration <br />
  17. 17. Which Region am I from?<br />On the following slide you will find a list of five characters and a description of each. Read each description and determine which region he or she is from. Be prepared to explain why you chose your answer.<br />
  18. 18. Characters<br />Zeke- “I recently moved to this territory in search of a better life. I took my customs and beliefs with me.”<br />Edward- “I live in a city and attend public school. My parents are both union laborers in a factory.”<br />David- “I run a large family farm that thrives without the use of slave labor.”<br />John- “I own a large cotton farm and have an active role in local government.”<br />Tara- “I was privately educated on a small family farm. Despite what everyone thinks, we did not own slaves.”<br />