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The two sides in the english civil war

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'Cavaliers' and 'Roundheads'

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The two sides in the english civil war

  1. 1. On the King’s side!
  2. 2. NICKNAME: .‘Cavaliers’ – Cavalier originally meant horseman. It was a nickname for fashionable gentlemen. . Also was a word used to describe cruel Spanish troops, so it was an insult. WHO WAS ON THEIR SIDE? Conservative (less strict) Protestants who were loyal to the King. The richer people in society, especially ‘courtiers’ (Charles’ close friends.) Men from the House of Lords because they did not want to lose any power to Parliament. ‘Celtic’ Cornwall and the Welsh – they did not like the ‘Englishness’ of Parliament CATHOLICS supported Charles because they were frightened of puritans (SRICT PROTESTANTS) in Parliament.
  3. 3. WHERE DID MEN COME FROM? Northern and western areas of England. Lots of poorer people avoided enlisting. ARMY Lots of horseman Long hair with extravagant hats! Basic armour of a leather coat and breast plate (metal). THE MAN YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT (the leader): The King of course, it was his army!
  4. 4. Fought for Parliament.
  5. 5. NICKNAME: ‘Roundheads’ – This was seen as an insult. This term was used by Royalists to make fun of the short hair which people on Parliaments side had. Many Puritan (Strict Protestants) MP’s had short hair. WHO WAS ON THEIR SIDE?: Merchants and traders of the South East of England and in London. They hated fines such as ‘ship money’ and relied on money which Parliament would provide. This meant that the Parliamentary side had access to more money and the Navy. Many of the supporters were puritans (strict protestants).
  6. 6. ARMY: They wore helmets rather than extravagant hats! In the beginning they were similar in strength to the King’s army – most wore the basic leather coat and breast plate (metal). In 1644 however, Parliament’s army was strengthened and given a new name – THE NEW MODEL ARMY. This army was well trained, well paid and well equipped with armour. Nicknamed ‘Ironsides’ because of the strong iron chest armour they had and because they stood firm in battle. THE MAN YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT (important leader): OLIVER CROMWELL – was a very effective commander at the start of the war. He set up the New Model Army, a very strong force indeed!

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