Ancient India And China

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Ancient India And China

  1. 1. Indus Valley Civilization
  2. 2. India is a subcontinent sub = below Northern Plain Deccan Plateau Coastal Plains
  3. 3. Monsoons = = + = = =
  4. 4. Today What does this picture tell you about the Indus Valley people?
  5. 5. 1750 BC They disappeared and no one knows why. Aryans 1750 BC We know about them through the Vedas.
  6. 6. The Caste System Aryans divided their society by occupations. Priests Warriors Merchants/Herders Servants/Workers
  7. 7. Rules of the Caste System <ul><li>You are born into a caste </li></ul><ul><li>You may never leave your caste while you live </li></ul><ul><li>You may only marry someone of the same caste </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hinduism polytheistic Shiva Vishnu Brahma
  9. 9. Ganges River + + =
  10. 10. Holy Shit!
  11. 11. Maurya Empire 321 BC -- 185 BC <ul><li>1 st Indian Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Secret police </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh rule </li></ul><ul><li>Asoka (grandson) </li></ul><ul><li>Converts to Buddhism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Gupta Empire 320 AD—550 AD India’s Golden Age
  13. 14. aka Yellow River aka “The River of Sorrows” loess
  14. 15. Yangtze River
  15. 16. The Middle Kingdom Himalayan Mts. Gobi Desert Pacific Ocean jungles
  16. 17. The Middle Kingdom
  17. 18. Shang Dynasty 1650 BC - 1027 BC Huang He River Yangtze River Huang He River Huang He River
  18. 19. Shang Dynasty Religion <ul><li>polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestor Veneration </li></ul>Yin and Yang <ul><li>Balance equals harmony </li></ul>Yin <ul><li>Earth </li></ul><ul><li>darkness </li></ul><ul><li>female </li></ul>Yang <ul><li>Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>light </li></ul><ul><li>male </li></ul>
  19. 20. Shang Dynasty cont. Writing System <ul><li>pictographs </li></ul><ul><li>calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>oracle bones </li></ul><ul><li>thousands of </li></ul><ul><li>characters </li></ul>
  20. 21. Zhou Dynasty 1027 BC - 256 BC Huang He River Yangtze River
  21. 22. Mandate of Heaven The right to rule by the gods.
  22. 24. Qin Dynasty 221 BC - 206 BC
  23. 25. Shi Huanghi &quot;First Emporer&quot;
  24. 26. Han Dynasty 206 BC - 220 AD
  25. 27. Liu Bang
  26. 28. Silk Road <ul><li>trade route with the West </li></ul><ul><li>silk </li></ul>+ =

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