AP Human Geography 2011 - Buddhism


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AP Human Geography 2011 - Buddhism

  1. 1. BUDDHISM Molly Morgan Kit Wallis A WAY OF LIFE
  2. 2. THREE TRAININGS <ul><li>Sila – virtue, ethics, morality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality of all living things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the golden rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Samadhi – concentration, meditation, mental development </li></ul><ul><li>- Development of the mind  wisdom  freedom from self </li></ul><ul><li>- helps maintain good behavior and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Prajna – discernment, insight, wisdom, and enlightenment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom results from a pure, calm mind. </li></ul></ul>MGM
  3. 3. FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS <ul><li>Dukkha – suffering exists </li></ul><ul><li>Samudaya – there is a cause for this suffering (desire to have and control things) </li></ul><ul><li>Nirodha – there is an end to this suffering (achieving Nirvana) </li></ul><ul><li>Magga – in order to end this suffering, one must follow the Eightfold Path </li></ul>MGM
  4. 4. THE EIGHTFOLD PATH <ul><li>Panna </li></ul><ul><li>Samma Ditthi – right understanding of noble truths </li></ul><ul><li>Samma Sankappa – right thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Sila </li></ul><ul><li>3. Samma Vaca – right speech </li></ul><ul><li>4. Samma Kammanta – right conduct (following five precepts) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Samma Ajiva – right livelihood (support yourself without harming others) </li></ul><ul><li>Samadhi </li></ul><ul><li>6. Samma Vayama – right effort (promote pure thoughts, defeat evil thoughts) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Samma Sati – right mindfulness (becoming aware of your body, mind, and feelings) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Samma Samadhi – right concentration (meditation) </li></ul>MGM
  5. 7. THE FIVE PRECEPTS <ul><li>Do not Kill – do not harm, kill, or cause violence to another living creature </li></ul><ul><li>Do not Steal – no fraud or economic expliotation </li></ul><ul><li>Do not Lie – this includes name calling, gossiping etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Do not misuse Sex – adultery is forbidden, no sexual harassment or expliotation. Also, Buddhism doesn’t address premarital sex but condemn homosexual relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Do not consume Alcohol or other Drugs – they cloud the mind. Plus, some include TV and Movies in this category as they distance you from reality </li></ul>MGM
  6. 8. FIVE ADDITIONAL PRECEPTS for those preparing for a monastic life or not within a family: <ul><li>6. Do not take untimely meals </li></ul><ul><li>7. No dancing, singing, music, or “watching grotesque mime” </li></ul><ul><li>8. No use of garlands, perfumes, or personal adornment </li></ul><ul><li>9. No use of high seats </li></ul><ul><li>10. Do not accept gold or silver </li></ul>MGM
  7. 10. WHO WAS BUDDHA??? <ul><li>‘ Buddha’ was actually a man named Siddhartha Gotama who changed his name to ‘Buddha’ meaning ‘to enlighten’ or ‘to awaken’ after he achieved his own enlightenment. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists do not worship Buddha, (or any god for that matter) and instead strive to follow his teachings (Called the ‘Dhamma’ or truth). </li></ul><ul><li>Siddhartha was born somewhere in Nepal around 563 B.C. and at age 29 was dissatisfied with his life and began searching for answers because he realized that material objects did not bring happiness. </li></ul>KEW
  8. 11. WHO WAS BUDDHA??? con. <ul><li>After discovering that other religions and practices held no meaning for him, Siddhartha became deeply involved in meditational practices, became ‘enlightened’ which means the discovering of the detachment from self. Thus, he founded the practices and customs of Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>He spent the rest of his life teaching this and died at the age of 80 years. </li></ul>KEW
  9. 12. MAJOR HOLIDAYS 2011 <ul><li>February 8 th or 15 th – Parinirvana (Nirvana Day) </li></ul><ul><li>-Observes death of Buddha and his entrance into Nirvana </li></ul><ul><li>-Most monasteries and temples hold meditation retreats </li></ul><ul><li>April 8 th – Buddha’s birthday! (Japan) -people bring fresh flowers to temple in honor of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>-wash baby Buddha statues with tea </li></ul>KEW
  10. 13. MAJOR HOLIDAYS 2011 (cont.) <ul><li>April 13 th through 18 th – Water Festivals </li></ul><ul><li>- Spray water on Buddha statues and each other </li></ul><ul><li>August 14 th – Hungry Ghost Festival (China) </li></ul><ul><li>-offerings given to the hungry, unhappy ghosts </li></ul><ul><li>December 8 th – Enlightenment of the Buddha (Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>- twenty-four hours of meditation </li></ul>KEW
  11. 15. EVENTS <ul><li>Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for the dedication towards the happiness of all living beings </li></ul><ul><li>Henceforth, all types of living beings are present, including humans, animals, and plants </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage is the vehicle to practice serving others </li></ul><ul><li>Love is wishing others happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage is the equal commitment to the happiness of your partner toward their enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Burial Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists traditionally burn the body immediately following death </li></ul>KEW
  12. 16. SOURCES <ul><li>fpmt.org </li></ul><ul><li>religioustolerance.org </li></ul><ul><li>buddhanet.htm </li></ul><ul><li>buddhism.about.com </li></ul><ul><li>straightdope.com </li></ul><ul><li>foreigners-in-china.com </li></ul>