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2011 AP US PP - Inventions and Technology 1800 - 1850

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2011 AP US PP - Inventions and Technology 1800 - 1850

  1. 1. INVENTIONS By: Brealynn & Jarrett & SCIENTIFIC Rachel GriderDEVELOPMENTS
  2. 2. INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS Eli Whitney first developed this idea in 1801 This invention made it so that if a product part failed, another could be ordered without having to order a whole new product Whitney first used this idea with gun parts, but production was expensive and dif ficult
  3. 3. RAILROAD Samuel Homfray funded the development of a steam- powered vehicle that would replace the horse-drawn wagons or carts on the tramways This development began in 1803 The vehicle was actually built by Richard Threvithick
  4. 4. STEAMBOAT The steamboat was invented by Rober t Fulton in 1 807 -Fulton made the Clermont, which was a vessel that he put a steam engine in. -In 1 807, the Clermont went up the Hudson River from New York City to Albany. -The invention of the steamboat completely revolutionized Americas water ways, and made traveling and transpor ting goods much easier -The invention also helped in opening the west and the south, and made the transpor t of manufactured necessities quicker and cheaper
  5. 5. COTTON GIN Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, but it was not officially patented until 1807 Was used to clean cotton more efficiently and quickly Revolutionized industry because cotton could be produced more quickly and could become a more stable and useful crop for Americans, thus boosting the American economy.
  6. 6. TIN CAN Peter Durand first patented the tin can in 1810 Brian Donkin and John Hall opened the first tin can producing factory Early cans were sealed with lead which ultimately lead to lead poisoning This revolutionized the food industry because it helped to preserve the food so it would not go to waste
  7. 7. THE REAPER Invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831 The reaper cut, threshed, and bundled grain. Was pulled through the field by horses Increased grain production in America; farmers could produce 10 acres of grain a day as opposed to the previous 2 or 3
  8. 8. ELECTRIC STREETCAR Thomas Davenport invented the first electric motor in 1834 and a small electric railway in 1835 This demonstrated technological advances in America This invention was dif ferent because it was powered by an electric motor, versus one that runs on gasoline
  9. 9. STEEL PLOW -The steel plow was invented by John Deere -It was invented in 1837 -The original wooden plows that were brought over to Illinois would not work on the thick Midwestern soil, as they were easily broken. -In 1837, Deere made a steel plow that could get through the thick soil -This invention made farming in the Midwest possible, and Deere went into the business of manufacturing plows.
  10. 10. TELEGRAPH -Invented by Samuel F. B. Mor se in 1 844 -The telegraph was a new form of communicati on that used pulses of electricity to transmit information over wires -Mor se recieved $30,000 from Congress to fund his experiment - Alongside the telegraph Mor se Code was invented, which was a series of dots and dashes that represented letter s in the alphabet. -In 1 844, Mor se sent the message "What hath God wrought?" from Washington to Baltimore. -The telegraph revolutioni zed communication, and by 1 854, there were 23,000 miles of telegraph wire in use.
  11. 11. SEWING MACHINE Invented by Elias Howe in 1846 New machine out stitched five hand- sewers and was known for its speed Made producing clothing quicker and increased clothing production in America At first, the idea didn’t catch on, then Howe struggled with imitators trying to steal his idea
  12. 12. SOURCES http://www.american-inventor.com/cyrus-mccormick.aspx http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1252.htm http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/sewmachine.ht m http://www3.cesa10.k12.wi.us/ecosystems/prairies/history/j deer/stlplow.htm www.american-inventor.com/samuel-morse.aspx; http://web.mit.edu/invent/morse.html

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