INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS Eli Whitney first developed this idea in 1801 This invention made it so that if a product part failed, another could be ordered without having to order a whole new product Whitney first used this idea with gun parts, but production was expensive and dif ficult
RAILROAD Samuel Homfray funded the development of a steam- powered vehicle that would replace the horse-drawn wagons or carts on the tramways This development began in 1803 The vehicle was actually built by Richard Threvithick
STEAMBOAT The steamboat was invented by Rober t Fulton in 1 807 -Fulton made the Clermont, which was a vessel that he put a steam engine in. -In 1 807, the Clermont went up the Hudson River from New York City to Albany. -The invention of the steamboat completely revolutionized Americas water ways, and made traveling and transpor ting goods much easier -The invention also helped in opening the west and the south, and made the transpor t of manufactured necessities quicker and cheaper
COTTON GIN Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793, but it was not officially patented until 1807 Was used to clean cotton more efficiently and quickly Revolutionized industry because cotton could be produced more quickly and could become a more stable and useful crop for Americans, thus boosting the American economy.
TIN CAN Peter Durand first patented the tin can in 1810 Brian Donkin and John Hall opened the first tin can producing factory Early cans were sealed with lead which ultimately lead to lead poisoning This revolutionized the food industry because it helped to preserve the food so it would not go to waste
THE REAPER Invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1831 The reaper cut, threshed, and bundled grain. Was pulled through the field by horses Increased grain production in America; farmers could produce 10 acres of grain a day as opposed to the previous 2 or 3
ELECTRIC STREETCAR Thomas Davenport invented the first electric motor in 1834 and a small electric railway in 1835 This demonstrated technological advances in America This invention was dif ferent because it was powered by an electric motor, versus one that runs on gasoline
STEEL PLOW -The steel plow was invented by John Deere -It was invented in 1837 -The original wooden plows that were brought over to Illinois would not work on the thick Midwestern soil, as they were easily broken. -In 1837, Deere made a steel plow that could get through the thick soil -This invention made farming in the Midwest possible, and Deere went into the business of manufacturing plows.
TELEGRAPH -Invented by Samuel F. B. Mor se in 1 844 -The telegraph was a new form of communicati on that used pulses of electricity to transmit information over wires -Mor se recieved $30,000 from Congress to fund his experiment - Alongside the telegraph Mor se Code was invented, which was a series of dots and dashes that represented letter s in the alphabet. -In 1 844, Mor se sent the message "What hath God wrought?" from Washington to Baltimore. -The telegraph revolutioni zed communication, and by 1 854, there were 23,000 miles of telegraph wire in use.
SEWING MACHINE Invented by Elias Howe in 1846 New machine out stitched five hand- sewers and was known for its speed Made producing clothing quicker and increased clothing production in America At first, the idea didn’t catch on, then Howe struggled with imitators trying to steal his idea