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The Future with Be
11            Going To:
              Statements

   Vacation Plans


 Focus on Grammar 1
 Part X, Unit 31
 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
 Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Vacation Plans
We’re we have many
  Oh, going and I need
My husband to take a to   What are youtake you?
                          Where can I going to
plans. We’reChina. to
 vacation the going
    go to to airport.
  have a great time.         do in China?
Vacation Plans




My husband to watch traditional Chinese dancing.
I am going is going to the Great Wall of China.
  We are going to visit see Chinese martial arts.
Be Going To
      We can use be going to to talk about the
      future.


               They are going to take a boat down
               the Yangtze River next week.



I am going to try local Chinese
food tomorrow.
Form
        To form the future with be going to, use am, is,
        or are + going to + the base form of the verb.

             Be                    Base Form Verb
Subject     Verb      going to      + Other Words

  I         am       going to      study Chinese.

Sandy        is       going to     visit museums.
 They        are      going to     travel to Beijing.
Look at the chart. Use be + going

   Practice 1                to + a base form verb to describe
                             the vacation plans of the people
                             below.


           Person           Future Plan

        Mr. Jones         watch a parade

        Mrs. Jones       take photographs

    Mr. and Mrs. Jones   see famous places

            You                ???

Example:
           is going to watch
Mr. Jones ________________ a parade.
Negative Statements
       To make a negative sentence, place not
       before going to.



             She is not going to go to the zoo.



They are not going to take a bus.
Contractions
    Use contractions in speaking and informal
    writing.



           The concert’s going to start soon.




We aren’t going to buy souvenirs.
Pronunciation
         In speaking only, we sometimes pronounce
         going to as “gonna.” Never write “gonna.”

                                  Use “gonna” in
                                 conversation only.


                                We’re gonna be late.
 Don’t worry. The
    plane is
gonna leave soon.

= going to
Work with a partner. Make
 Practice 2               affirmative and negative
                          statements about your plans. Use
                          contractions.

Example: watch TV / exercise / tonight
1. tonight
2. tomorrow                    I’m going going to TV
                                  I’m not to watch
                                       tonight.
                                      exercise.
3. this afternoon
4. next week
5. next year

cook           watch TV        visit          listen
study          work            clean          travel
play           exercise        fix            stay
References

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its
licensors. All rights reserved.

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The future with be going to

  • 1. The Future with Be 11 Going To: Statements Vacation Plans Focus on Grammar 1 Part X, Unit 31 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Vacation Plans We’re we have many Oh, going and I need My husband to take a to What are youtake you? Where can I going to plans. We’reChina. to vacation the going go to to airport. have a great time. do in China?
  • 3. Vacation Plans My husband to watch traditional Chinese dancing. I am going is going to the Great Wall of China. We are going to visit see Chinese martial arts.
  • 4. Be Going To We can use be going to to talk about the future. They are going to take a boat down the Yangtze River next week. I am going to try local Chinese food tomorrow.
  • 5. Form To form the future with be going to, use am, is, or are + going to + the base form of the verb. Be Base Form Verb Subject Verb going to + Other Words I am going to study Chinese. Sandy is going to visit museums. They are going to travel to Beijing.
  • 6. Look at the chart. Use be + going Practice 1 to + a base form verb to describe the vacation plans of the people below. Person Future Plan Mr. Jones watch a parade Mrs. Jones take photographs Mr. and Mrs. Jones see famous places You ??? Example: is going to watch Mr. Jones ________________ a parade.
  • 7. Negative Statements To make a negative sentence, place not before going to. She is not going to go to the zoo. They are not going to take a bus.
  • 8. Contractions Use contractions in speaking and informal writing. The concert’s going to start soon. We aren’t going to buy souvenirs.
  • 9. Pronunciation In speaking only, we sometimes pronounce going to as “gonna.” Never write “gonna.” Use “gonna” in conversation only. We’re gonna be late. Don’t worry. The plane is gonna leave soon. = going to
  • 10. Work with a partner. Make Practice 2 affirmative and negative statements about your plans. Use contractions. Example: watch TV / exercise / tonight 1. tonight 2. tomorrow I’m going going to TV I’m not to watch tonight. exercise. 3. this afternoon 4. next week 5. next year cook watch TV visit listen study work clean travel play exercise fix stay
  • 11. References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.