Superlatives

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Superlatives

  1. 1. 8 Adjectives: SuperlativesAround the World in Superlatives Focus on Grammar 3 Part VI, Unit 25 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. A Superlatives Trivia Quiz• What is the highest mountain in the world? Hang on! You’ll• get the answers Where is the tallest waterfall located? later!• What is the longest river?• What is the driest place on earth?• What is the most populated nation?• What is often called the happiest place on earth?• What is one of the most mysterious places?
  3. 3. Superlative Adjectives Use superlative adjectives to compare one person, place, or thing with other people, places, or things in a group. The The Amazon Yangtze River RiverThe Amazon River The Nile River The Yangtze River The Nile River The Nile River is the longest river in the world.
  4. 4. Form 1 For short adjectives (one syllable and two syllables ending in –y), use the + adjective + -est. happy Disneyland high Mount Everest is often called is the happiest the highestplace on earth. mountain. the happiest the highest
  5. 5. Be Careful! There are often spelling changes when you add –est. dry big The pyramidsThe Atacama Desert in Egypt are in Chile is the biggest the driest desert. the driest tombs. the biggest
  6. 6. Be Careful! Some adjectives have irregular superlative forms. good badWow!! This is the This is the worst camera. bestplace to see the Eiffel Tower!
  7. 7. Form 2 For long adjectives (two or more syllables), use the most / the least + adjective. inhabitedSome scientists say mysterious Some archaeologists that the Brazilian say that Easter Island rain forest is is one ofthe least inhabited the most mysterious placeleast inhabited the on earth. the most mysterious places in the world.
  8. 8. Form 3 For some adjectives, like pleasant, lively, lovely, or quiet, use either the… -est or the most / the least.The weather in the GrandThe weather in Greece in May The weather in Greece in May Canyon in July was was the most pleasant. was the pleasantest. the least pleasant.
  9. 9. Change the adjectives into Practice 1 superlative forms. Example: large  the largest• friendly  the friendliest or the most friendly• hot the hottest Now, create your own• crowded  the most crowded sentences with these• expensive  the most expensive superlatives.• far  the farthest• nice  the nicest• early  the earliest
  10. 10. Expressions 1 We often use the superlative with other words and expressions, including in and of (in the world, of all). Angel Falls in China is Argentina isthe most populated the tallest waterfallnation in the world. of all (waterfalls).
  11. 11. Expressions 2 We often use the superlative with ever + the present perfect.Machu Picchu has themost amazing ruinsthat I’ve ever seen! ever + present perfect
  12. 12. Talk with a partner and Practice 2 complete the sentences with your own ideas.Example: The most interesting place I’ve ever seen is…• The most popular tourist site in my country is… The most interesting place I’ve ever seen is…• The nicest place to stay in my country is… the Taj Mahal in India.• The most dangerous place of all places is…• I think the oldest ruins in the world are…• The best food I’ve ever eaten is…• The prettiest place I’ve ever been to is…
  13. 13. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.

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