English Phrasal Verbs


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English Phrasal Verbs

  1. 1. Phrasal Verbs:5 Separable and Inseparable Living in the Digital AgeFocus on Grammar 4Part V, Unit 12By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ WellsCopyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Cell Phone Help LineThis is my first cell phone. I’m trying to figureit out. I looked over the directions, but I’m stillconfused. When I make a phone call, all thebuttons on the phone light up, and I don’tknow what to do. Help! Every time I want to call up someone on this cell phone, the phone cuts me off. I just heard a strange sound. I’m afraid this phone is going to blow up! Please help me out!
  3. 3. Transitive Phrasal Verbs 1 Most transitive phrasal verbs are separable. This means that noun objects can go after the particle or between the verb and the particle. He can’t figure out the instructions. noun object He can’t figure the instructions out. noun object
  4. 4. Be Careful! If the direct object is a pronoun, it must go between the verb and the particle.I turned off it.I turned it off. off
  5. 5. Usage Note When the noun object is part of a long phrase, we usually do not separate the phrasal verb.He charged the battery inthe handheld computer up. upHe charged up the battery inthe handheld computer.
  6. 6. Form three sentences about Practice 1 technology for each separable phrasal verb. put together Example: = assemble It’s difficult to put together a new device. It’s difficult to put a new device together. It’s difficult to put it together. 1. close down 2. switch on 3. pick out = close by force = start a machine = select, identity 4. set up 5. turn off 6. look up = prepare for use = stop a machine = try to find
  7. 7. Transitive Phrasal Verbs 2 Some transitive phrasal verbs are inseparable. This means that both noun and pronoun objects always go after the particle. You cannot separate the verb from its particle.Sam ran his boss into. intoSam ran into his boss.He ran him into. intoSam ran into him.
  8. 8. Transitive Phrasal Verbs 3 A small group of transitive phrasal verbs must be separated. I have to do over the report. I have to do the report over. over
  9. 9. Use the separable and inseparable Practice 2 phrasal verbs to discuss good manners when using a computer or cell phone. Example: Don’t carry on a cell phone conversation during a wedding.1. 4. start over = carry on = continue start again2. get out of 5. talk into = benefit = persuade from3. count on 6. go after = depend on = pursue Inseparable verb
  10. 10. Transitive Phrasal Verbs 4 Some transitive phrasal verbs are used in combination with certain prepositions. A phrasal verb + preposition combination (also called a three-word verb) is usually inseparable.I think I should drop out of this class.I can’t keep up with new technology.
  11. 11. Ask and answer the questions with a Practice 3 partner using three-word verbs in your answers.Example: Is it difficult for you to keep up with new technology? Why or why not?• It’s difficult to keep up with of a class? Have you ever dropped outnew technology because Iany good ideas this week? What• Have you come up withhaven’t they? were learned to use theold technology yet.• Who do you usually team up with in class activities?• If someone makes a decision that you disagree with, do you still go along with the decision?• When do you get out of your classes?• When was the last time you followed through with something? What was it?
  12. 12. Intransitive Phrasal Verbs Some phrasal verbs are intransitive. This means that they do not take an object. Son, hold on. I’m busy talking on the phone right now. Dad, hang up and call the fire department!
  13. 13. Use the intransitive phrasal verbs to Practice 4 describe your experiences with different forms of technology. Example: run out Last week the photocopy = not have enough machine ran out of toner.1. close down 4. play around = stop operating = have fun2. call back = 5. empty out return a call = empty completely3. blow up 6. sign up = explode = register
  14. 14. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Educationand its licensors. All rights reserved.