What Students Are ThinkingI want to learn. to class I plan to get on time. I refuse to give up. get only “A” I try to I hope to succeed. grades! I promise to study hard.
FormAn infinitive is to + base form of the verb.Form the negative by placing not before theinfinitive. Infinitive to + base form of the verb I decided to study English this year. Negative Infinitive not +to + base form of the verb I decided not to study chemistry this year.
Infinitives after Verbs 1 Certain verbs can be followed by an infinitive.Examples: ask, advise, tell, want Infinitive I want to get a good grade in my English class. Infinitive I told her to go to bed.
Infinitives after Verbs 2 Some verbs can be followed directly by an infinitive.Examples: begin, decide, fail, learn, plan, promise, refuse, seem, try Infinitive He is learning to spell correctly. Infinitive He refuses to be uncomfortable when studying.
Infinitives after Objects 1 Some verbs need an object (noun or pronoun) before the infinitive.Examples: advise, allow, encourage, force, invite, remind, tell, warn Object Infinitive Our teacher advises them to take notes. Object Infinitive She doesn’t allow students to do their homework in class.
Infinitives after Objects 2 Some verbs need an object (noun or pronoun) before the infinitive.Examples: advise, allow, encourage, force, invite, remind, tell, warn Object Infinitive My teacher tells us to pay attention. Object Infinitive She warns students not to cheat on tests.
Complete the sentences with Practice 1 infinitives and your own information. Use objects where needed.Example: Maria invited … Maria invited me to go to a party with her. 1. I promised … 2. My mother plans … 3. Our teacher encourages … 4. My friends decided … 5. My father always tells …
Infinitives with or without Objects Some verbs can be followed by either an infinitive or an object + infinitive.Examples: ask, expect, help, need, want, would like Infinitive He expected to get an “A.” Object Infinitive He expected the teacher to give him an “A.”
Form sentences with the verbs. Use Practice 2 infinitives and use each verb twice: First without an object, and then with an object. without objectExample: expect I expected to do well on the test. My teacher expected me to do well on the test. with object 1. need 2. help 3. would like 4. ask