Infinitives after certain verbs

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Infinitives after certain verbs

  1. 1. 10 Infinitives after Certain Verbs The Life of an English Student Focus on Grammar 3 Part VII, Unit 29 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. What Students Are ThinkingI want to learn. to class I plan to get on time. I refuse to give up. get only “A” I try to I hope to succeed. grades! I promise to study hard.
  3. 3. FormAn infinitive is to + base form of the verb.Form the negative by placing not before theinfinitive. Infinitive to + base form of the verb I decided to study English this year. Negative Infinitive not +to + base form of the verb I decided not to study chemistry this year.
  4. 4. Infinitives after Verbs 1 Certain verbs can be followed by an infinitive.Examples: ask, advise, tell, want Infinitive I want to get a good grade in my English class. Infinitive I told her to go to bed.
  5. 5. Infinitives after Verbs 2 Some verbs can be followed directly by an infinitive.Examples: begin, decide, fail, learn, plan, promise, refuse, seem, try Infinitive He is learning to spell correctly. Infinitive He refuses to be uncomfortable when studying.
  6. 6. Infinitives after Objects 1 Some verbs need an object (noun or pronoun) before the infinitive.Examples: advise, allow, encourage, force, invite, remind, tell, warn Object Infinitive Our teacher advises them to take notes. Object Infinitive She doesn’t allow students to do their homework in class.
  7. 7. Infinitives after Objects 2 Some verbs need an object (noun or pronoun) before the infinitive.Examples: advise, allow, encourage, force, invite, remind, tell, warn Object Infinitive My teacher tells us to pay attention. Object Infinitive She warns students not to cheat on tests.
  8. 8. Complete the sentences with Practice 1 infinitives and your own information. Use objects where needed.Example: Maria invited … Maria invited me to go to a party with her. 1. I promised … 2. My mother plans … 3. Our teacher encourages … 4. My friends decided … 5. My father always tells …
  9. 9. Infinitives with or without Objects Some verbs can be followed by either an infinitive or an object + infinitive.Examples: ask, expect, help, need, want, would like Infinitive He expected to get an “A.” Object Infinitive He expected the teacher to give him an “A.”
  10. 10. Form sentences with the verbs. Use Practice 2 infinitives and use each verb twice: First without an object, and then with an object. without objectExample: expect I expected to do well on the test. My teacher expected me to do well on the test. with object 1. need 2. help 3. would like 4. ask
  11. 11. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Educationand its licensors. All rights reserved.

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