Indirect speech


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Indirect speech

  1. 1. 10 Indirect Speech: Tense ChangesRumors and Gossip Focus on Grammar 4 Part X, Unit 26 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.`
  2. 2. Rumors and Gossip Have you heard Maria said thatReally! Viktor the newsaid that Larisa teacher the latest gossipNo, what is it?Wow!me that I told Yeah, the new teacher didn’t givenew about the any studentsheard he was hadteacher? the given all homework. could eat in an easy students an A his class. teacher. last semester.
  3. 3. Indirect Speech 1 When the reporting verb is in the simple past, the verb tense in the indirect speech statement often changes. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Simple Present  Simple PastPresent Progressive  Past ProgressiveSimple Past Tense  Past Perfect Present Perfect  Past Perfect
  4. 4. Examples 1 “The She said teacher the teacheris strict.” was strict. He said “The teacher the is giving teacher everyone an was A.” giving everyone an A.
  5. 5. Examples 2 She said “Somebody somebody put the final had put the exam on the final exam Internet.” on the Internet.“The teacher has graded our Joe said the grammar teacher had tests.” graded our grammar tests.
  6. 6. Change the direct speech Practice 1 into indirect speech. Example: “My friend is helping me study.” She said… She said her friend was helping her study.1. “The library is closed.” He said… He said the library was closed. closed2. “We have registered for classes.” They said… They said they had registered for classes.3. “She got an A on the test.” You said… You said she had gotten an A on the test.
  7. 7. Indirect Speech 2Modals often change in indirect speech.Direct Speech Indirect Speech will  would can  could may  might must  had to
  8. 8. Examples 1 “The test He said the will be test would be difficult.” difficult.“You can She said weuse your could usenotes on our notesthe test.” on the test.
  9. 9. Examples 2“We may She said we have a might have asubstitute substituteteacher.” teacher. “You must study hard She said we for the final had to study exam.” hard for the final exam.
  10. 10. Change the direct speech Practice 2 into indirect speech. Example: “You can relax about the exam.” She said… She said I could relax about the exam.1. “We’ll help you with your homework.” They said… They said they would help me with my homework.2. “Anna must finish her paper.” He said… He said Anna had to finish her paper.3. “She may take a different class.” You said… You said she might take a different class.
  11. 11. Indirect Speech 3 The following modals do not change in indirect speech: should, could, might, and ought to. “You She said Ishouldn’t shouldn’t tell tell this this secret tosecret to anyone.anyone.” “You ought He said I to tell this to ! ought to tell a friend.” this to a friend.
  12. 12. Indirect Speech 4 The following do not change in indirect speech: the past perfect, the present and past unreal conditional, and past modals.“If“I had studied,gotten I could I had I would“I thought have chosen He said he he had studied, HeHe said thought he had said if he could have have from a tutor.” help gotten an A.” the easy teacher.” he wouldhelp from a tutor. chosen the easy teacher.A. gotten have gotten an
  13. 13. Change the direct speech Practice 3 into indirect speech. Example: “We ought to study some more.” He said… He said we ought to study some more.1. “If I knew, I would tell you.” She said… She said if she knew, she would tell me.2. “I might have known the test was difficult.” He said… He said he might have known the test was difficult.3. “She had had that teacher before.” We said… We said she had had that teacher before.
  14. 14. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.