Articles, indefinite and definite

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Articles, indefinite and definite

  1. 1. 7 Articles: Indefinite and DefiniteThe Rules of the Game Focus on Grammar 3 Part V, Unit 22 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Chess Chess is a game for two players. Each playerbegins with a set of sixteen white or blackpieces. Some chess sets are plain, but some arevery unusual. The players take turns movingtheir pieces on a board with 64 squares. Eachtype of piece moves in a different way. TheQueen is the most powerful piece, but the Kingis the most important. The primary goal in chessis to checkmate your opponent’s King. Thegame is over when a King cannot avoid capture.
  3. 3. Indefinite Nouns 1 A noun is indefinite when you and your listener do not have a specific person, place, or thing in mind.Let’s play a You’ll need game! game some luck to beat me.
  4. 4. Indefinite Nouns 2Use the indefinite article a / an with singularcount nouns that are indefinite. singular count noun Chess is a game for two players. singular count noun You may capture an enemy piece.
  5. 5. A or An 1 Use a before consonant sounds.consonant with a A chessboard has 64 squares.consonant sound vowel with aconsonant Chess is a unique game. sound
  6. 6. A or An 2 Use an before vowel sounds.consonant with a The game lasted over an hour. vowel sound vowel with a vowel Chess is an interesting game. sound
  7. 7. Indefinite Nouns 3 Use no article ( ∅ ) or some with plural count nouns and non-count nouns that are indefinite. Some means an indefinite number. plural count nounSome chess sets are very unusual. non-count nounMost players enjoy competition.
  8. 8. Identifying Nouns 1 Use a / an with singular count nouns to say what someone or something is. singular count noun Chess is a board game. singular count nounChess is an interesting game .
  9. 9. Identifying Nouns 2 Use no article ( ∅ ) with plural count nouns and non-count nouns to say what someone or something is. plural count nounKings, queens, and bishops are chess pieces. pieces non - count nounsSome chess sets are made of marble or glass. glass
  10. 10. Make General Statements Use no article ( ∅ ) with plural count nouns and non-count nouns to make general statements. plural count nounPlayers often play with chess clocks. non - count noun Special software is needed to play chess online.
  11. 11. Practice 1 Complete the sentences with a, an, some, or ∅ (no article). ∅Example: Can you play ______chess? ∅ 1. In chess, ______ pawns move one square at a time. an 2. Chess is ____ interesting game. a 3. The white Queen begins on ______ white square. a 4. A pawn can be promoted to ______ Queen. an 5. A verbal call of “check” is ______ insult. Some a 6. ______ games end in ______ tie.
  12. 12. Definite Nouns A noun is definite when you and your listener both know which person, place or thing you are talking about. Right here. It’sWhere is the part of thechessboard? furniture.
  13. 13. The 1 Use the with most common nouns (count and non-count, singular and plural) that are definite. plural count nounPlayers with the white pieces move first.singular count nounThe queen is the most powerful piece. non - count nounSome players record the time between moves.
  14. 14. The 2 Use the when a person, place, or thing is unique. There’s onlyThe player who checkmates is the winner. winner one winner. There’s only People can play chess on the web. one web.
  15. 15. The 3 Use the when the context makes it clear which person, place, or thing you mean.Will you let me winthe game? They know he is talking about their card game.
  16. 16. Complete the sentences with a, Practice 2 an, the, some, or ∅ (no article). It started in China, but people play Mahjong all over the ∅______ world. Mahjong is played with ______ tiles. They ∅ Theare made from ______ bamboo or ivory. ______ tiles ∅ adisplay ______ flowers, numbers, or ______ unique aanimal. Players shuffle the tiles by building ______ wall. MahjongThere are several mahjong patterns such as a Chow and a A thePong. ______ Kong contains four tiles of ______ same Annumber and suit. ______ Eye contains two tiles of the same thenumber and suit. The object of ______ game is to collect a______ set of fourteen tiles in four groups of three tiles and a______ matched pair. Now you can download ______ ∅ theMahjong and play it over ______ Internet.
  17. 17. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education and itslicensors.All rights reserved.Chess Table ©http://www.everythingfurniture.com.

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