Sph 107 Ch 8


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Sph 107 Ch 8

  1. 1. Organizing Your Main Ideas
  2. 2. What is Organization? <ul><li>The process of putting your ideas and information together in a way that will make sense to listeners. </li></ul><ul><li>Macrostructure- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction, body, conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Microstructures- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The language and style choices you make. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Select a Design for Your Main Points </li></ul><ul><li>You determine your main points by considering what specific questions must be answered so that your audience will understand your topic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Ask what listeners must know in order to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the Thesis statement of an informative speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agree with the thesis of a persuasive speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Act in the way you advocate in your persuasive speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once you have answered these questions you can determine the relationships among them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Chronological Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your main points will follow a time sequence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used when demonstrating a process or procedure. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Causal Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A causal pattern organizes organizes main points in a way that shows a cause and effect relationship. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical topics often follow this pattern because you can talk about symptoms and their roots. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Spatial Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used when you want to create a mental picture of what an object or place looks like based on location or direction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location and direction relates to relationships such as north to south, near to far, top to bottom, left to right. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Topical Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used when you divide a topic into subtopics or categories. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be used to discuss several different viewpoints on the same subject, idea, concept, or problem. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Developing the Body of Your Speech <ul><li>Comparison and Contrast Pattern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Useful for speeches about unfamiliar concepts, events, beliefs, or processes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using this topic makes unfamiliar topics more familiar to listeners. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Integrating Support Material <ul><li>Sort Supporting Material by your main points. </li></ul><ul><li>Add subdivisions where needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider learning styles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions, descriptions and explanations appeal to thinkers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testimonials and Hypothetical examples appeal to feelers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action plans and formulas appeal to doers. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Integrating Support Material <ul><li>Consider listener relevance. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Incorporate Connectives <ul><li>Transitions are words or phrases that show the relationship between two points and let the audience know you have completed one main point and are moving on to a new point. </li></ul><ul><li>Tell why you have included some supporting material. </li></ul><ul><li>Signposts are words or phases that let the listener know where you are in a speech- ex. “first, second, third, in short, finally” </li></ul>