Sph 107 Ch 10


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Sph 107 Ch 10

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Outlining Your Speech
  2. 2. What is Outlining? <ul><li>Outlining is a systematic process of placing your ideas in a recognizable pattern that listeners can easily follow. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Arranging Your Ideas Within a Recognizable Pattern <ul><li>Outlining arranges your ideas within a recognizable that listeners can follow. </li></ul><ul><li>Not creating an outline increases the likelihood that you will ramble. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Providing Flexibility as You Speak <ul><li>It is more effective to outline your speech than to write it out word for word because an outline still provides you with some flexibility as you speak. </li></ul><ul><li>You can take more time to develop a particular idea if you notice that listeners appear confused. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Providing an Opportunity to Critique Your Speech <ul><li>Outlining provides you an opportunity to critique your speech and, consequently, to improve it before you actually present it in front of an audience. </li></ul><ul><li>It enables you to organize your ideas visually and then modify them as you develop your speech. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reducing Anxiety <ul><li>Outlining reduces negative “self-talk”. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes it harder for you to lose your place. </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing your anxiety helps boost your ethos. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Your Preparation Outline <ul><li>Def.- a working rough draft of your speech ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1: Create a thesis statement and main points. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Develop the body of your speech by adding supporting material to each main point. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Expand your preparation outline by jotting down ideas for developing each element of your introduction and conclusion. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Your Preparation Outline <ul><li>Step 4: Place Your Ideas Into a Proper Outline Form. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Label the introduction, body, and conclusion in the far left margin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a roman numeral and label each of the elements of your introduction, body, and conclusion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add subpoints under each main point by using capitol letters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add transitions between each main point. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Your Preparation Outline <ul><li>Step 5: Integrate External Source Citations. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 6: Critique and Revise Your Outline to Create Balance. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify listener relevance links. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine learning styles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check supporting material. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check for symmetry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add a title. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Your Formal Outline <ul><li>After you have completed your preparation outline, you are ready to create your formal outline. </li></ul><ul><li>The formal outline is a typed outline that labels and applies all of the macrostructural elements in your speech using complete sentences. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Your Speaking Outline <ul><li>A speaking outline is a condensed outline used solely as a memory aid while presenting your actual speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the preparation outline, your speaking outline uses key words and phrases rather than complete sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike the formal outline, your speaking outline internal references throughout. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Your Speaking Outline <ul><li>Your speaking outline uses a similar outline format to the formal outline. </li></ul><ul><li>Your speaking outline is unique to both your preparation outline and your formal outline in four ways. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking outline often use abbreviations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking outlines also include delivery cues.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking outlines include the actual supporting material you plan to cite during the speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking outlines are usually typed or printed in large neat letters on one side of a few index cards. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Power Points are Online <ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/jbryanthall/slideshows </li></ul>