Sph 106 Ch 6


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Sph 106 Ch 6

  1. 1. Chapter 6 Communication in Relationships
  2. 2. Types of Relationships <ul><li>Relationships- sets of expectations two people have for their behavior based on the pattern of interaction between them. </li></ul><ul><li>Good Relationships - relationships in which the interactions are satisfying to and health for those involved. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Relationships <ul><li>Acquaintances- people we know by name and talk with when the opportunity arises. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactions are largely impersonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquaintanceship guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate conversation by introducing yourself and contextualizing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions and listen carefully. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Engage in appropriate turn-taking. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make your comments relevant. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be polite. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Relationships <ul><li>Friends- people with whom we have negotiated more personal relationships that are voluntary. </li></ul><ul><li>Some friendships are contextually bound. (work-friend) </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship Guidelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiation: be proactive. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsiveness: listen and respond. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-disclosure: friends share feelings with each other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional support: provide comfort and support. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict management: manage disagreements successfully. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Relationships <ul><li>Close Friends or Intimates- people with whom we share a high degree of commitment, trust, interdependence, and disclosure. </li></ul><ul><li>Platonic Relationship- an intimate relationship in which the partners are not sexually attracted to each other or do not act on an attraction they feel. </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic Relationship- an intimate relationship in which the partners act on their sexual attraction. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Relationships <ul><li>Trust- placing confidence in another in a way that almost always involves some risk. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust is essential for maintaining intimate relationships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With a severe breach of trust, you could possibly end the relationship. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women and Men differ on reasons for maintaining intimacy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women tend to develop close relationships based on talking and sharing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men tend to develop close relationships based on shared activities and interdependence. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Relationships <ul><li>Intimacy Guidelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be dependable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be responsive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be an effective partner in conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be faithful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be transparent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spend time with one another </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Disclosure and Feedback Ratios in Relationships <ul><li>Healthy interpersonal relationships have both self-disclosure and feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Disclosure- sharing biographical data, personal ideas, and feelings that are unknown to the other person. </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback- the verbal and physical responses to people and their messages. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Disclosure and Feedback Ratios in Relationships <ul><li>The Johari Window- contains four quadrants that define the extent of self-disclosure in the relationship. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open: information that both you and your partner know. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blind: information about you that you know that your partner does not know. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret: information about you that only your partner knows. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown: information about you that neither you or your partner know. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Communication in the Stages of a Relationship <ul><li>All relationships follow a three stage life cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships move between these stages in sometimes imperceptible ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning and Developing Relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange information to reduce uncertainty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for feelings of relaxation and confirmation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As relationship escalates, so does physical contact. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online relationships go through he same stages and often lead to face-to-face meetings. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Communication in the Stages of a Relationship <ul><li>Maintaining a relationship: behaving and communicating in ways that preserve a particular level of closeness or intimacy in a relationship. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spend time with your partner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merge your social networks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reciprocate unselfish acts. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Communication in the Stages of a Relationship <ul><li>De-escalating and ending a relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition of dissatisfaction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disengaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ending </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Power Points are Online <ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/jbryanthall/slideshows </li></ul>