Sph 106 Ch 10


Published on

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sph 106 Ch 10

  1. 1. Participating in Group Communication
  2. 2. <ul><li>Def.- a collection of three or more people who must interact and influence one another to solve problems and to accomplish a common purpose. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Clearly Defined Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Goal- a future state of affairs desired by enough members of the group to motivate the group to work toward its achievement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Goal- precisely stated, measurable, and behavior goal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent Goals- complementary goals that require hard work and team effort. They motivate group members to go above and beyond what they might normally accomplish. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptable goals- goals to which members feel personally committed. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Optimum Number of Diverse Members. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best size- smallest number that can do the job. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homogenous versus Heterogeneous- the best groups are likely to be composed of people who bring different but relevant knowledge and skills to the group discussion. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Cohesiveness- the degree of attraction members have to one another and to the group’s goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Productive Norms- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norms- expectations for the way group members will behave while in the group. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground Rules- prescribed behaviors designed to help the group meet its goals and conduct its conversations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most norms evolve informally rather than being stated outright. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Synergy- a commonality of purpose and a complementariness of each other’s efforts that produces a group outcome greater than an individual outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate environment- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-to-Face location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Meeting </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Forming- the initial stage of group development, during which people come to feel valued and accepted so that they identify with the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Storming- group clarifies its goals and determines the role each member will have in the group structure. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Norming- the group solidifies its rules for behavior, especially those that relate to how conflict will be solved. </li></ul><ul><li>Performing- the skills, knowledge and abilities of all members combine to overcome obstacles and achieve goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjourning- group members assign meaning to what they have done and decide where the group goes next. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Problems must- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be stated as questions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contain one central idea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use specific and precise language for problem description. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be identified as a question of fact, value, or policy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions of fact- concerned with discovering what is true. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions of value- concerned with what is right, moral, good and just. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Questions of policy- concerned with course of action. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Analyzing the problem- entails finding out as much as you can about the problem and solution criteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Determining Solution Criteria- requires that the group develop decisive factors that test and determine whether a solution will solve a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying possible solutions- often involves brainstorming. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Evaluating solutions- requires group members to list solutions and compare alternative to the solution criteria developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Deciding- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Expert Opinion Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Average Group Opinion Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Majority Rule Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Unanimous Decision Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Consensus Method </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>One for each of the decision-making methods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Expert Opinion Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Average Group Opinion Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Majority Rule Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Unanimous Decision Method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Consensus Method </li></ul></ul>